Acacia or Vachellia xanthophloea proving = fever tree

http://ir.dut.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10321/1769/GOBIND_2016.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

 

Vergleich: Siehe: Fabales

 

[Anitha Gobind]

A homoeopathic drug proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH with subsequent comparison to its use in African medical tradition

 

Proving of conducted in the form of a double blinded placebo controlled study. The investigation consisted of a total of 30 provers divided equally between two researchers (

(A. Gobind and G. Zondi). The sample was randomly divided into two groups in which provers(80%) were assigned into the verum group and the remaining six provers (20%) were

allocated to the placebo group.

[Wikipedia]

Acacia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. In seasonally flooded

areas it often forms dense single species stands.

The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves.

The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. The gum is part of the

diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season.

Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Spindasis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree.

 

All provers were requested to record their daily symptoms on the physical, mental and emotional planes in their journals for one week prior to administration of the proving substance. This formed

as a mode of control for the comparison of symptomatology for the pre-proving and post proving period. A thorough case history wastakenandphysicalexaminationperformedoneachproverbeforethe commencement of the proving and after the duration of the proving period.

Each prover received a total of nine powders. Starting on day 8 of the study the provers consumed one powder 3x daily for three days and documented their daily symptoms in a journal. The duration of the proving term was six weeks in total. During this interval the researcher maintained consistent contact with the provers.

Upon completion of the proving period all journals were collected and the information contained within these journals was translated into the materia medica and repertory format.

This facilitated the establishment of the remedy portrait of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH.

A subsequent comparison between the symptomatology that materialised in the provers and the African traditional medicinal uses was duly conducted.

Results

An extensive range of symptoms was reported by the provers. The outstanding themes that emanated from this proving on the mental plane include anger, anxiety, aversion to company, cheerful, depression, irritability, mood swings, restlessness, tranquillity and stress.

A broad range of headaches were described with some headaches being associated with the eye. Many eye symptoms displayed by the provers incl. itching, redness, burning sensation and pain.

The stomach symptoms revealed marked increased thirst, changeable appetite, bloating, constipation and diarrhoea with watery stools.

The female genitalia / sex indicated several symptoms ranging from painful menstruation, bleeding and copious blood flow.

The greatest number of symptoms in a system was associated with extremities, producing the greatest number of rubrics in the repertory section. Dream themes depicted by the provers were especially visionary, about family and friends in addition to other themes.

The correlation process between the homoeopathic drug proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH and the African traditional medicinal use of the substance brought several resemblances to light.

There were clear similarities with the eye symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms and headaches.

Conclusion

As hypothesised Acacia xanthophloea 30CH did produce distinctly observable signs and symptoms when administered to healthy provers. The symptoms that emerged during the proving provide evidence that an overlay exists between the remedy Acacia xanthphloea 30CH and the traditional use of the crude substance Acacia xanthophloea.

The researcher proposes that further research should be conducted to determine the symptomatology of various homoeopathic potencies so that a complete image of the remedy

Acacia xanthophloea 30CH can be established and the clinical applications can be broadened.

Acacia xanthophloea was named tree of the year in 2010. The title of “tree of the year” shows the national position of the tree in terms of its importance as an indigenous plant and the need

to raise awareness of indigenous flora (Acacia xanthophloea Benth, 2012). In contemporary homeopathic research there is a trend towards investigating indigenous substances to allow for

expansion of the therapeutic armamentarium of homoeopathy. The realm of indigenous African homoeopathic remedies is largely unresearched, a concern being addressed at DUT.

Homoeopathic research on Acacia xanthophloea has not previously been conducted.

Traditionally the bark of Acacia xanthophloea is used to treat fever and eye complaints (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

Further, it is believed that this substance helps one to communicate with the ancestral spirits thereby gaining insight and answers (Solomon, 2012). Sherr (2003:10) states that a definitive standard and method are to be adhered to for provings to be valid. If provings were not accurate in the first place then all prescription indications would be imprecise obscure guesses.

A valuable and thorough proving is attributable to the quality of the proving and not the substance selected in the proving (Sherr2003:7). Therefore provings form an essential component of homoeopathy.

1.2

THE AIMS OF THE STUDY

The aim of this study was to conduct a randomised double blinded placebo controlled proving to determine the proving symptomatology of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH by recording the signs and symptoms produced by healthy provers after the administration of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH and the subsequent comparison to the African traditional medicinal use.

1.3

THE OBJECTIVES

1.3.1

1st objective of this research was to determine and analyse any symptomatology that may occur in healthy provers when Acacia xanthophloea 30CH was administered.

1.3.2

2nd objective of this research study was to determine and develop the materia medica of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH by recording the signs and symptoms produced by healthy provers after the administration of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH.

1.3.3

3rd objective of this research study was to conduct a comparative analysis of the proving symptoms of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH to the traditional African medicinal uses.

1.4

THE HYPOTHESES

1.4.1

1st hypothesis was that Acacia xanthophloea 30CH would produce clearly observable signs and symptoms in healthy provers.

1.4.2

2nd hypothesis was that the proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH would expand the understanding and clinical scope of the medical value of the remedy by correlating symptoms produced with

the African traditional medicinal uses of Acacia xanthophloea.

1.6

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

Acacia xanthophloea is a widely used medicine in African traditional medicine. The homoeopathic proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH adds to the homoeopathic materia medica as well as increases knowledge in general regarding the therapeutic benefits of Acacia xanthophloea evident at sites where the trees are debilitated. Samples of the bark and leaf of Acacia xanthophloea

collected from Baharini Springs revealed high levels of copper.

Njoro river sewage area also showed high levels of copper in plant samples. The lead levels were higher in the tissues of Acacia xanthophloea obtained from Baharini Springs.

This investigation proposes that heavy metals like copper are most likely an aetiological factor affecting Acacia xanthophloea woodland in particular the young trees located in Njoro river approaching the Baharini Springs area. It is necessary to investigate the levels of heavy metals and pollutants so that additional comprehension of the adverse resultant on the growth of

Acacia xanthophloea trees and suggest a suitable management strategy (Dharani et al., 2007).

The leaves and bark from diseased Acacia xanthophloea trees reveal very high levels of zinc in the tissues. This high zinc value can be as a result of anthropogenic activities inputs to Lake Nakuru by means of industrial wastes which are discharged into the town’s outflow, Njoro river waste and storm water drainage during excessive rainfall. The industrial effluents result from battery industry, paint manufacturing industry, galvanised metals and products containing zinc that are important sources of zinc to Lake Nakuru.

Different sites researched in Lake Nakuru exposed greater concentration levels of heavy metals (Cd, Co, Pb, Ni, Zn in the water which is suggestive of anthropogenic inclusion.

Therefore a demand for ongoing inspection and oversee of noxious heavy metal toxins and persisting organic pollution in the study so that the input of knowledge can be collected. This knowledge

is crucial in frame working effective management techniques for Lake Nakuru National Park as it serves as a natural habitat for flamingos and welcomes tourism action (Dharani etal., 2010).

2.13.8 Health benefits of Acacia xanthophloea

The properties and health benefits of this botanical plant were identified in scientific research so that the medicinal properties can be determined.

Made up of three active compounds. These are catechin, catechol and catecholamine which have been scientifically investigated to determine their medicinal value and use (Seigler, 2002).

2.13.8.1

Catechin: has antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. An antioxidant provides protection to cells against free radicals which can damage cells, stimulate heart disease, produce tumours or can result in other diseases. Free radicals are formed when the body disintegrates food or could occur as a result of toxic environmental hazards (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

2.13.8.2

Catechol: Small amounts occur naturally in fruits and vegetables with enzymes polyphenol oxidase or catecholase or catechol oxidase. When the enzymes are mixed with a substrate and exposed to oxygen the colourless catechol is oxidised to reddish brown melanoid pigment which is a derivative of benzoquinone that has antimicrobial properties slowing the spoilage of damaged fruits and plant parts. This compound has been identified in the brain and endocrine tissues. The hypothalamus and pituitary contain high concentration of catechol estrogens. Catechol found in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis plays a significant role in neuroendocrine regulation.

Catechol is a keymodulator of dopamine, adrenalin and noradrenalin neurotransmission. There is evidence that catechol plays a role in several central nervous system disorder, neuropathic pain perception regulation and anti-inflammatory reactions (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

2.13.8.3

Catecholamine: hormones and neurotransmitters that are phenethylamines and phenyl groups which have a catechol skeletal structure. Catecholamine molecules include dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline which is released in response to stress.

Dopamine, epinephrine and noradrenaline are catecholamines in the human body which constitute brain chemistry (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

2.13.8.4

Disorders of brain chemistry Acacia xanthophloea, can be a natural alternative for individuals who suffer from anxiety, depression, autistic disorder, A DHD, ADD, panic disorder or for those individuals who work on shift which leads to imbalances in the brain chemistry caused by irregular patterns of sleep.

Acacia xanthophloea can help in the recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome and drug addiction (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

Research was carried out with the main aim of appraising the anti-asthmatic action of a decoction of Acacia xanthophloea, Strychnos henningsii and Microglossia pyrifolia in asthma induced mice. The outcome revealed that the extracts were capable of diminishing the serum total IgE levels by up to 100% in relation to the positive control (Odongo et al., 2015).

2.13.9

African traditional medicine uses of Acacia xanthophloea

Used as one of the ubulawu plants in the Zulu tradition. This causes visionary and prophetic dreams which allow one to connect and communicate information from the ancestral and spiritual world. The Zulu’s believe that if one focuses on a question before going to sleep, then one will receive the answer in a dream. The bark is added to a mixture of different dream herbs.

It may take a couple of days before the results can be visible.

The herbs can also be consumed as a tea.

The use of Acacia xanthophloea in the African traditional medicine are multiple. The fiber increases the levels of HDL cholesterol in the body, assists in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and promotes raised energy levels in the body (Balick and Cox, 1996). The intensity of a headache is mitigated by applying a paste of ground Acacia xanthophloea leaves on the forehead.

Acacia xanthophloea detoxifies the body and assists in weight loss (Van Wyk, Oudtshoorn and Gericke, 1997). The bark is used in the treatment of fever and eye ailments.

In Tanzania the bark used to treat sickle cell anaemia and in Kenya a concoction of the bark is used to treat indigestion. (Van Wyk, Oudtshoorn and Gericke 1997).

In South Africa the powdered bark is used as an emetic to treat malaria by the Zulu people (African Mind Healing Herb, 2012).

In India, medicinal plants were used for centuries to treat various ailments.

Acacia xanthophloea used in traditional medicine revealing a scientific basis since the chemical compounds within the various species have medicinal effects.

In Ayurvedic medicine Acacia xanthophloea is believed to aid in the treatment of premature ejaculation.

2.13.9.1

Gastro-intestinal

The water soluble fibre of Acacia xanthophloea provides roughage and enhances the smooth bowel movement of the intestines promoting cleansing of the body. It effectively relieves irritable bowel syndrome.The soluble fibre absorbs excess water from the colon forming a thick gel that passes through the gut without decomposition.

Acacia xanthophloea adds bulk to the stools and aids in easy elimination thus relieving constipation and promoting a healthier digestive system. It relieves bloating

and trapped gas in the digestive system by regulating the speed of bowel movements. Acacia promotes the development of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria.

The bark and leaves of Acacia xanthophloea used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery.

The gum also effective in treating dysentery, diarrhoea and many other intestinal conditions. An extract of the gum or a tea can be made to provide gastro-intestinal relief. The flowers of

Acacia xanthophloea can be made into a tea to treat hangover, nausea and vomiting (Acacia Information and Facts, 2014).

2.13.9.2

Pregnancy

During pregnancy women need to increase their nutritional and mineral supplementation. Acacia xanthophloea interferes with supplements containing iron and some drugs and may provoke an allergic reaction. This can have negative effects on the health of a pregnant woman. Acacia xanthophloea is best avoided during pregnancy (Acacia Information and Facts, 2014).

2.13.9.3

Periodontal

The gum of Acacia xanthophloea can be used to destroy the bacteria found in the mouth that is responsible for periodontal disease. The gum from the plant is diffused in water and then swished in the mouth to treat gum disease. The gum serves as a source of food and is taken for oral thrush (Acacia Gum, 2009).

2.13.9.4

Wounds

Acacia xanthophloea gum characterised as an emollient and it soothes the mucus membranes. The gum is applied to damaged skin to treat small wounds and scrapes (Acacia Gum, 2009).

2.13.9.5

Ear, nose and throat

Acacia xanthophloea gum is useful in the treatment of cold symptoms and provides relief from a sore throat related to the cold. The individual may gargle to relieve the sore throat or they can have

a tea manufactured from the herb.

The African traditional medical use of the leaves, bark and gum include colds, conjunctivitis and haemorrhage (DeVries, 2015).

2.13.9.6

Non-medicinal uses

It is used by home owners and landscape architects for home protection. The sharp thorns stop unwanted persons from entering private properties. This may prevent break-in if planted under windows near gutter pipes. Groves of this tree can be planted next to dams and streams on farms to curb soil erosion.

Early Egyptians made use of Acacia xanthophloea in paints and it was used as a fragrance for centuries. Acacia xanthophloea are used as a mark in Freemansory to stand for pureness and stamina of the soul and as a funerary emblem representing rebirth and eternal life. It is believed in the Christian culture that the crown of thorns that Christ wore was made from Acacia xanthophloea thorns.

Acacia xanthophloea serves as a source of income for people located in rural areas. These individuals are hugely dependent on this plant for their building materials, fodder and day-to-day fuel.

The bark, root and resin of Acacia xanthophloea are produced to make incense for rituals (India, Nepal, China and Tibet).

The smoke from the bark was believed to restrain demons and ghosts and to put god in a happy mood.

An alcohol beverage made from the fruit of Acacia xanthophloea is liked by people and elephants.

The gum is used in foods as a suspending or emulsifying agent, a stabiliser, an adhesive, a flavour fixative and to inhibit crystallization of sugar.

The shoots of Acacia xanthophloea described as feathery and can be used in curries, soups, stir fries and omelettes. The seedscan be used to make fritters or various other products.

2.14

CONCLUSION

Homoeopathic proving so find igneous substances withint theDepartment of Homoeopathy at the Durban University of Technology are crucial for the expansion of the therapeutic armamentarium of the South African homoeopathic materia medica.

Plants play a vital role in African indigenous systems of medicine. Acquiring knowledge of medical plants used in African culture is essential.

Homoeopathic provings on these indigenous plants can provide a structured, standardised process of prescribing them.This will assist in the treatment of common health issues experienced in South Africa.

 

The proving substance Acacia xanthophloea 30CH was prepared by hand by the researchers as specified in the German Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia (GHP)

 

3.9

COMPARISON OF THE PROVING SYMPTOMATOLOGY OF ACACIAXANTHOPHLOEA WITH THE AFRICAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL USAGE OF THE PLANT

The traditional medical use of Acacia xanthophloea was discussed in correlation to the symptoms produced by provers in the proving. This facilitates accuracy when prescribing

the remedy and assists in studying the remedy.

A comprehensive study of literature found in books, journal articles and various case studies was undertaken to review the African traditional medicinal usage of Acacia xanthophloea.

The totality of symptoms derived from the proving of Acacia Xanthophloea 30CH was compared to the indigenous African traditional medicinal usage of the plant.

This emphasises the similarities and the differences between the two methods.

 

4.4.1

Mind: [80 RUBRICS]

 Desires activity at work

 Ailments from mental exertion

Mind - Ailments from being neglected by one’s father

 Ambition increased

 Anger (in morning/on waking/causeless/in child)

 Anxiety (when a time is set)

 Antisocial

 Cares about money

 Cheerful (in company)

 Aversion to company

 Concentration difficult - cannot fix attention/on attempting to concentrate/working/studying

 Content with himself

 Delusions - body looks ugly

 Delusions - time seems earlier

 Delusions - exaggeration of time

 Delusions of time, and space, lost or confused

 Delusions - working against time

 Disgust of own body

 Estranged

 Escape from society

 Fear - of being alone/of impending danger/of failure/something will happen/of separation of children/of the unknown

 Forgetful

 Forsaken feeling - “As if isolated”

 Hopeful

 Industrious - desires to finish his work

 Irresolution

 Irritability [morning (on waking)/evening/toward child/from noise/with people/with sleeplessness]

 Laziness (morning/on waking/aversion to work)

 Mental exertion >/</desires/fatigues

 Mood alternating/changeable

 Rage

 Religious affections

 Restless (at night/starting from sleep/from sleeplessness/during weakness)

 Sadness - aversion to company; desire for solitude/desire for company/gloomy

 Sensitive - during chill/to reprimands

 Slowness - in motion/in work

 Studying difficult

 < Talking

 Time appears shorter, passes too quickly

 Time - appears longer, passes too slowly

 Tension, mental

 Tranquility

 Weeping > when alone

 Weeping at sad thoughts

Vertigo: [5 RUBRICS]

At noon/in evening

Accompanied + pain in head

“As if head is turning round”

Head: [86 RUBRICS ]

Heaviness in morning

“As if light”

Pain - morning (dull/at night)/noon

Pain - evening >/20 h. (sore)

Pain - evening - bursting pain

Pain + pain in eye

Pain - temples [l./r. (stitching)/daytime/morning/ext. head/lightning/< thinking of pain]

Pain + nausea

Pain in afternoon (dull)

Pain - bursting/hammering

Pain - >/< closing the eyes

Pain - < company

Pain - > drinking cold water/lying

Pain - dull pain

Pain - >/< (after) eating

Pain - < fasting/< noise

Pain - eating impossible

Pain > exertion/> sleep

Falls - head would fall forward

Pain - < fasting/> (green) tea

Pain in forehead (cutting/dull/< noise/< motion- pulsating/> after sleep)

Pain - < bending head forward

Pain - after intense headache

Pain - in occiput (morning on waking/> after eating/ext. neck/down back of neck/ext. shoulders/> lying with head low/pressing (“As from a cap”)/pulsating)

Pain - > rest/> rubbing

Pain - short lasting

Pain - sides [morning (on waking)/l. (pulsating)/r./bursting/ext. temples

Pain - from exposure to sun (sore)

Pain - vertex [morning (on waking)/afternoon/dull pain/pulsating/from light/> lying/> rubbing/< motion (walking)/< noise)]

Pain - violent

Pain - change of weather

4.4.4

Eye: [36 RUBRICS]

Desire to close the eye

Closing the eye (>)

Complaints of eyes (l./r.)

Discharges (watery)

Discoloration - red (l./morning/during headache/inflamed)

Dryness/”As if dry”

Heaviness (in eyebrows - closing the eye/in lids (> closing eyes)

Inflammation - > cold washing

Itching [morning after rising/with lachrymation from (>/<) rubbing]

Open lid during sleep

Pain [l./< morning after rising/burning/in eyeballs/< exertion of the eye/”As from exertion of the eye”/”As from foreign body”/> rest]

Pain - sore/stitching

Sleepy feeling of eyes

Swollen r.

Ear: [12 RUBRICS]

“As if foreign body in ear”

Itching - l./r./ in eustachian tubes

Pain - l. (aching/lancinating)/r. drawing pain

Pain - stitching/< walking

“As if stopped”

Nose:[20 RUBRICS]

Congestion (at night during sleep/in sinuses)

Discharge - morning/bloody when blowing/burning/dripping/watery

Dryness - inside

Inflammation - l.

Obstruction (morning/evening/”As if obstructes”)

Pain in l. nostril anterior/sore/raw

Pain in nostrils corrosive

Sneezing at night

4.4.7

Face: [3 RUBRICS]

Eruptions - (white) pimples

Numbness

4.4.8

Mouth: [31 RUBRICS]

Abscess - in gums - painful/on tongue

Bleeding when cleaning the mouth

Discoloration - of gums (bright) red on margins

Discoloration red in spots

Discoloration of gums white

Dryness - > drinks/with thirst/of tongue (center)

Eruption - pimples on inner side lips

Eruption - vesicles on lips

Inflammation (gums)

Itching lip

“As if sand on lips”

Pain burning < eating

Pain sore in gums - < eating< touch

Pain in gums (sore/burning warm weather) < touch/< salt

Pain - lips

Pain in edges of tongue “As if cut”

Sensitive - food and drinks unbearable

Swelling - of lips/gums painful

Taste - diminished

“As if thick” (tongue)

4.4.9

Teeth: [5 RUBRICS]

Pain [< drinking/in incisor/sensitive; tender (incisors/canine)

4.4.10

Throat: [17 RUBRICS]

Dryness [morning/night/+ thirst/itching/painful/> raw egg/with thirst (for cold water)

Itching

Pain (aching/< cold air/sore/during coryza/”As if raw”/sore)

Scratching - morning

4.4.11

Neck: [15 RUBRICS]

Back: Pain - r./morning/cervical region (> warm applications/sore/on rising from bed/< turning head to l.)/l./cutting/ext. downward/< rising head

Stiffness of cervical region (< during sleep)

4.4.12

Stomach. [57 RUBRICS]

Anxiety

Appetite - changeable

Complaints of the 

Appetite - constant/increased (in daytime/morning/at night/+ cannot eat/+ accompanied by fullness)/

Appetite - diminished

Appetite - ravenous (soon) after eating - increases the hunger

Distension (< after drinking)

< Eating

Eructation - > after drinking/< during stool

“As if full”

Heaviness < after drinking water

Heartburn at night

Indigestion < after eating

Nausea (afternoon/< after eating/after tea)

Pain - afternoon (14 h./15 h./16 h./night)/cutting/> cold drinks)/cramping/< diarrhea/< after eating/during hunger/< before menses

Pain periodical/pressure/sore/stitching/tearing/rumbling

Sensation of distension

Thirst (daytime/+ thirst/+ < after eating/extreme)

Extremities: Pain in forearms [r. (drawing/sore/stitching/< walking/< warm applications/> rubbing)/at night/< motion

Pain - evening/night/[heat in legs (at night)/in knees viele

Pain - neuralgic - shooting pain

Pain - legs (in tendo Achilles)

Perspiration - foot offensive

Swelling in forearms

Sleep: [52 RUBRICS]

Deep (afternoon/at night)

Disturbed (from anxiety/easily/by heat/by thoughts)

Dozing (in daytime)

Falling asleep (evening/difficult/easy)

Interrupted - Laziness waking too late/li much tossing around/great need

Changes position frequently

Position - reversed/on left side impossible

Prolonged - restless

Restless - morning/at night (before/after midnight)/during heat/tossing about in bed

Rise - aversion to - waking/desires to remain in bed

Semiconscious - short refreshing

Sleepiness (daytime/afternoon/early evening/overpowering/restless/during work/with sleeplessness (during heat/from irritability)

Sleeplessness [morning/at night (after midnight)/overpowering/from restlessness/tossing about/ not from tossing about]

Waking difficult in morning

Waking - frequently/too late

4.4.22

Dreams: [31 RUBRICS]

Anger

Anxious in children

Cooking

Comical

Confused - dead mother appearing

Dead - relatives/of friend/is dying/distant things/people/entertainment/own family/father/fights/one is fighting/meeting friends/old friends/frightful/funeral/giants/happy

Lightning/men/partner/body covered with rash/religious/robbers/tsunami/unremembered/vivid (at night)

4.4.23

Fever: [10 RUBRICS]

Body - anterior/upper part

Burning

Chilliness long into the heat, continuous

Heat in flushes

Shivering

Shivering with (< uncovering)

4.4.24

Perspiration: [7 RUBRICS]

Perspiration - clammy/offensive/sour(profuse (at night)

Perspiration < during

Sticky

4.4.25

Skin: [12 RUBRICS]

Dry (“As if dry”)

Eruptions - dry/itching/pimples/rash/scaly

Moisture

Pain - sore

Sealy

Eruption - scaly

Shining

Soft

Generals: [92 RUBRICS]

l.

Bathing >

Clothes too large

Cold <

Energy excess

Energy (weakness/excess)

Food and Drinks:

Desires: bananas/chicken (tandoori)/chocolate (before menses)/coca cola/delicacies/fish/herbs/ice cream/milkshake/mutton/potato chips/red pepper/rich food/roti/spices/sour food, acids/sweets/warm food/hot food;

>: tea/warm drinks;

Aversion: tomatoes

Heat - < during/with perspiration

Influenza + chill

Irritability

Lassitude (with restlessness)

Myalgia (Pain in muscles)

Pain - aching/”As if beaten”/cutting (“As if with a knife”)

Pain - l. (morning)/sore (by exertion, as after great) in joints/in muscles - cramping/< standing

Relaxation of muscles

Rest >

Restlessness at night

Rubbing > (after)

> artificial heat/warm in bed

Weakness [morning (on waking)/afternoon/at night/going to bed/> breakfast/excess/excessive (pain)/< exertion/from heat/irritability/in joints + muscular fatigue/< before menses/< mental exertion

muscular fatigue/from overwork/from pain/> rest/with restlessness/< sleepiness

Weight loss (in men/in women)

4.4 :

The distribution of rubrics aable

5.2: Grouping of the symptom polarities

GROUP 1

Anger

Antisocial / Aversion to company

Anxiety / Anticipation

Depression

Disconnected / Detached / Unfeeling

Fears

Finances

Forsaken feeling

Forgetful

Indecisive

Irritability

Lazy

Mood swings

Occupation

Restlessness

Time

Stress

 

GROUP 2

Cheerful / Happy

Concentration

Family / Fun / Entertainment

Hope

Refreshed

Religion / Prayer / Peace

Tranquillity / Relaxation

5.4

COMPARISON OF ACACIAXANTHOPHLOEA 30CH TO AFRICAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINALUSAGE OF ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA

Acacia xanthophloea has been used extensively in the African tradition by the Zulu people as one of the “ubulawu”plants that produce visionary and prophetic .

This allows one to connect and communicate information from both the ancestral and spiritual world. The Zulu culture believes that if you focus on a specific question

prior to  ing then you can attain the answer in your dream. The bark is mixed with a variety of dream herbs. A visible result of the dream herbs may take a few

days to occur (Azarius Online Smartshop, 2012).

AFRICAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL USES             SYMPTOMS PRODUCED IN THE PROVING OF ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA 30CH

EYE AILMENTS                                                                            EYE AILMENTS

VISIONARY AND PROPHETIC                                                            VISIONARY AND PROPHETIC

INDIGESTION                                                                               INDIGESTION

 SORES                                                                                           SORES

BLOATING                                                                                    BLOATING

ERUCTATIONS                                                                             ERUCTATIONS

CONSTIPATION                                                                           CONSTIPATION

DIARRHOEA                                                                                 DIARRHOEA

WOUND TREATMENT                                                                      WOUND TREATMENT

SORE                                                                                               SORE

NAUSEA                                                                                        NAUSEA

VOMITING                                                                                    VOMITING

ANXIETY                                                                                       ANXIETY

DEPRESSION                                                                                DEPRESSION

STRESS                                                                                           STRESS

COLDS                                                                                            COLDS

CONJUNCTIVITIS                                                                        CONJUNCTIVITIS

PERIDONTAL TREATMENT                                                          PERIDONTAL TREATMENT

PHARYNGITIS                                                                              PHARYNGITIS

DIABETES                                                                                     DIABETES

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY                                                            ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

 RASHES                                                                                        RASHES

RESPIRATORY DISORDERS                                                           RESPIRATORY DISORDERS

URINARY DISORDERS                                                                       URINARY DISORDERS

DIGESTIVE DISORDERS                                                                       DIGESTIVE DISORDERS

WEIGHT LOSS                                                                              WEIGHT LOSS

HEADACHES                                                                                HEADACHES

ACNE                                                                                              ACNE

INCREASED ENERGY LEVELS                                                 INCREASED ENERGY LEVELS

DETOXIFICATION                                                                       DETOXIFICATION

5.5

MIASMATIC INDICATION OF ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA 30CH

The researcher proposes that Acacia xanthophloea 30CH has a predominance of symptoms correlating to the features of the Psoric miasm. However there are also some symptoms that may be corresponding to the Sycotic miasm.

5.5.1

The Psoric Miasm

According to Sankaran (1997:219) The Psoric miasm has two central concepts; perceiving stress from the outside and anxiety with self-doubt in terms of capacity to deal with stress. As a result there is worry and fears of poverty and failure. Choudhury(1997:9-30) states that the Psoric miasm has the following indications; hypersensitivity, restlessness, timidity, inflammation of mucous

membranes, affections with pruritis, neuralgic pains, nervousness and anxiety, burning sensations, weakness with emaciation. The complaints of Psora are essentially functional and sensational in character (Sankaran, 2005:9).

The proving symptoms of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH appeared to display the above mentioned Psoric features and particularly the following symptoms:

Anxiety and lack of self confidence, with self doubt about the future.

Fear of poverty.

Fear of failure

Hypersensitivity to light, noise and company.

Hypersensitive and allergic type symptoms of inflammation + itching especially of the nasal passages and the conjunctiva.

Restlessness.

 eruptions such as dermatitis, fungal type eruptions and pimples.

Itching or pruritis + eruptions.

The burning sensation predominated the areas of inflammation like the eye and other mucous membranes.

The generalised symptoms of inflammation of redness, swelling, heat and pain was present with the inflammation of the mucous membranes.

The lack in energy, drained feeling and generalised lazy feeling.

Decrease in body mass.

Various pains and symptoms, that were functional in nature, described as sensations such as poking, burning, hitting, pulling, bloated feeling and heartburn.

5.5.2

The Sycotic Miasm

The main expression of the Sycotic miasm is excessive discharges and the affection of the genitourinary system (Choudhury 1997:66) as is seen in the female symptoms of

Acacia xanthophloea 30CH, of protracted menorrhagia with clotting.

5.6

CLINICAL INDICATIONS FOR ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA 30CH

In the proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH a broad range of symptoms were revealed. These were the indications for clinical conditions that may be treated by

prescribing the proving remedy, Acacia xanthophloea 30CH. It is therefore vital that further research studies are conducted to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of

Acacia xanthophloea 30CH in the treatment of these clinical conditions. The clinical application of these conditions includes the following:

Acne / Pimples

Allergic dermatitis

 abcesses

Fungal  eruptions

Arthritis and arthralgia

Fibromyalgia

Neck pain

Backache

Concentration abnormalities

Anxiety

Depression

Diabetes mellitus

Diarrhoea

Constipation

Abdominal cramps

Heart burn

Nausea and vomiting

Apthous ulcers

Irritable bowel syndrome

Eye complaints such as allergic conjunctivitis

 

Headache

Influenza

Malaise / Tiredness

Sinusitis

 disorders / insomnia

Stress related disorders

Cystitis

Vertigo

5.7

SUMMARY

The correlation between the African traditional medicinal usages of Acacia xanthophloea to the symptoms produced by the provers during the duration of the proving was distinctly evident. However, it is acknowledged that the correlation between the proving substance and the African traditional medicinal usages of Acacia xanthophloea are subjective. The interpretation can be performed in a different method or procedure from one person to another.

 

5.5

MIASMATIC INDICATION OF ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA 30CH

The researcher proposes that Acacia xanthophloea 30CH has a predominance of symptoms correlating to the features of the Psoric miasm. However there are also some symptoms that may be corresponding to the Sycotic miasm.

5.5.1

The Psoric Miasm

According to Sankaran (1997:219) The Psoric miasm has two central concepts; perceiving stress from the outside and anxiety with self-doubt in terms of capacity to deal with stress. As a result there is worry and fears of poverty and failure. Choudhury(1997:9-30) states that the Psoric miasm has the following indications; hypersensitivity, restlessness, timidity, inflammation of mucous

membranes, affections with pruritis, neuralgic pains, nervousness and anxiety, burning sensations, weakness with emaciation. The complaints of Psora are essentially functional and sensational in character (Sankaran, 2005:9).

The proving symptoms of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH appeared to display the above mentioned Psoric features and particularly the following symptoms:

Anxiety and lack of self confidence, with self doubt about the future.

Fear of poverty.

Fear of failure.

Hypersensitivity to light, noise and company.

Hypersensitive and allergic type symptoms of inflammation + itching especially of the nasal passages and the conjunctiva.

Restlessness.

 eruptions such as dermatitis, fungal type eruptions and pimples.

Itching or pruritis accompanied the eruptions.

The burning sensation predominated the areas of inflammation like the eye and other mucous membranes.

The generalised symptoms of inflammation of redness, swelling, heat and pain was present with the inflammation of the mucous membranes.

The lack in energy, drained feeling and generalised lazy feeling.

Decrease in body mass.

Various pains and symptoms, that were functional in nature, described as sensations such as poking, burning, hitting, pulling, bloated feeling and heartburn.

5.5.2

The Sycotic Miasm

The main expression of the Sycotic miasm is excessive discharges and the affection of the genitourinary system (Choudhury 1997:66) as is seen in the female symptoms of

Acacia xanthophloea 30CH, of protracted menorrhagia with clotting.

5.6

CLINICAL INDICATIONS FOR ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA 30CH

In the proving of Acacia xanthophloea 30CH a broad range of symptoms were revealed. These were the indications for clinical conditions that may be treated by

prescribing the proving remedy, Acacia xanthophloea 30CH. It is therefore vital that further research studies are conducted to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of

Acacia xanthophloea 30CH in the treatment of these clinical conditions. The clinical application of these conditions includes the following:

Acne / Pimples

Allergic dermatitis

 abcesses

Fungal  eruptions

Arthritis and arthralgia

Fibromyalgia

Neck pain

Backache

Concentration abnormalities

Anxiety

Depression

Diabetes mellitus

Diarrhoea

Constipation

Abdominal cramps

Heart burn

Nausea and vomiting

Apthous ulcers

Irritable bowel syndrome

Eye complaints such as allergic conjunctivitis

Headache

Influenza

Malaise / Tiredness

Sinusitis

 disorders / insomnia

Stress related disorders

Cystitis

Vertigo

5.7

SUMMARY

The correlation between the African traditional medicinal usages of Acacia xanthophloea to the symptoms produced by the provers during the duration of the proving was distinctly evident. However, it is acknowledged that the correlation between the proving substance and the African traditional medicinal usages of Acacia xanthophloea are subjective. The interpretation can be performed in a different method or procedure from one person to another.

 

 

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