Bacopa monnieri = Brahmi
Vergleich: Siehe: Lamiales
Improves memory and learning ability. A government research institute in India carried out extensive research and obtained very positive results. In all disorders of the brain and
nervous system, Brahmi plays a positive healing role.
Thrives in a wet, marshy habitat. It is nootropic (Wikipedia), i.e. enhances clarity by providing more oxygen to the brain.
Experiences: Vivid recall of old memories has been reported, "... as if reliving the year in just a few moments".
After three days the user reported more fluid conversations at work. There was a welcome reduction in social anxiety: "I was no longer constantly worrying about what those
around me are thinking about me". This experience echoes the Lamiales theme of connection vs. disconnection.
On the opposite polarity, another user reports waking feeling dull and tired; with dreams of biting insects and with a prickly skin sensation. Higher doses tend to produce fogginess
Ayurveda: Bitter taste (Air + Ether = dry and light). Astringent (Air + Earth = dry and heavy).
It is cooling to Pitta, whilst enhancing the other Doshas by combining light and oily qualities.
Reduction of stress and improvement of memory, awareness and concentration. It is said to open the crown chakra.
Aquatic (fresh water) plant that is mostly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicine of India to promote memory, longevity and intellectual functions. It has cholinergic,
antioxidant and adoptogenic effects on the central nervous system. It
verbal and visual memory performance, verbal learning, and development of skills in
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storing memory and improves retention in healthy older people (Morgan and Steven,
It has been shown to improve information processing speed and the ra
te of learning and
lessened anxiety in healthy adults (Stough
., 2001). Use of
improvement in motor functions, attention, language, memory, executive control, vision,
emotions, sensory functions and consciousness. It was also concluded to
have a potential
in increasing the speed of attention in healthy and dementia patients (Kongkeaw
A study that was conducted in Khon Kaen University in Thailand concluded that
participants who were on Bacopa for 12 weeks scored far better in
mental processing tests
than those who were on placebo. A study at the University of Wollongong in Australia
showed much improvement in memory and recall abilities of participants (Ravensthorpe,
It is also stated that
improves mood (depress
ion, anxiety, stress and nervousness)
by chemically supporting the effect of mood regulating neurotransmitters such as serotonin
and acetylcholine and serves as a natural anti
depressant that does not have undesirable
side effects. It improves the digestiv
e system by supporting the production of mucus in the
GIT and helps to absorb more important vitamins and minerals from food. In the
relaxes the bronchioles and blood vessels muscles around the
airway passage to improve breathing
has the potential to be a successful treatment for memory improvement in both
healthy and aging adults, including those who suffer from age related memory impairment,
and played a role in delaying memory decline or delaying
Alzheimer‟s disease (Kairalla,
2011). This herbal substance was proven to decrease the rate of forgetting newly acquired
information, during the study; tasks assessing attention, verbal and visual short
memory and the retrieval of pre
wledge were not affected (Roodenrys et
Taking Bacopa on an empty stomach can cause gastrointestinal problems such as
increased stool frequency, nausea, diarrhea, thirst or dry mouth and abdominal cramps. It
may also cause muscle fatigue, decrea
se in felt stress and reduction in number of dreams
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., 2014) and in some people it may produce weakness, loss of
concentration, dizziness, irritation of the gastric mucus membranes and reflux however
there are no known contraindications (Mil
ls and Bone, 2005).
According to Bone (2007) the recommended dosing of Bacopa is 35 to 90 ml/week (1:2
7.5 to 10.0 g/day tablet
Safety precautions: use with caution during pregnancy and safe for use during lactation,
use with caution in patient wi
existing cholestasis. The use of herbs rich in saponins
may be inadvisable in coeliac disease, fat malabsorption and some upper digestive
irritation and topically to open wounds (Mediherb, 2006).