Bacopa monnieri = Brahmi

 

Vergleich: Siehe: Lamiales

 

= Gink-b.-ähnlich;

Improves memory and learning ability. A government research institute in India carried out extensive research and obtained very positive results. In all disorders of the brain and

nervous system, Brahmi plays a positive healing role.

Thrives in a wet, marshy habitat. It is nootropic (Wikipedia), i.e. enhances clarity by providing more oxygen to the brain.

Experiences: Vivid recall of old memories has been reported, "... as if reliving the year in just a few moments".

After three days the user reported more fluid conversations at work. There was a welcome reduction in social anxiety: "I was no longer constantly worrying about what those

around me are thinking about me". This experience echoes the Lamiales theme of connection vs. disconnection.

On the opposite polarity, another user reports waking feeling dull and tired; with dreams of biting insects and with a prickly skin sensation. Higher doses tend to produce fogginess

and dullness.

Ayurveda: Bitter taste (Air + Ether = dry and light). Astringent (Air + Earth = dry and heavy).

It is cooling to Pitta, whilst enhancing the other Doshas by combining light and oily qualities.

Reduction of stress and improvement of memory, awareness and concentration. It is said to open the crown chakra.

 

Aquatic (fresh water) plant that is mostly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicine  of  India  to  promote  memory,  longevity  and  intellectual  functions.  It  has  cholinergic,

antioxidant  and  adoptogenic  effects  on  the  central  nervous  system.  It

improves  audio

-

verbal  and  visual  memory  performance,  verbal  learning,  and  development  of  skills  in

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storing  memory  and  improves  retention  in  healthy  older  people  (Morgan  and  Steven,

2010).

It  has  been  shown  to  improve  information processing  speed and  the  ra

te  of  learning  and

lessened   anxiety   in   healthy   adults   (Stough

et   al

.,   2001).   Use   of

Bacopa

shows

improvement  in  motor  functions,  attention,  language,  memory,  executive  control,  vision,

emotions, sensory functions and consciousness. It was also concluded to

have a potential

in  increasing  the  speed  of  attention  in  healthy  and  dementia  patients  (Kongkeaw

et  al

.

2014).

A   study   that   was   conducted   in   Khon   Kaen   University   in   Thailand   concluded   that

participants who were on Bacopa for 12 weeks scored far better in

mental processing tests

than  those  who  were  on  placebo.  A  study  at  the  University  of  Wollongong  in  Australia

showed  much  improvement  in  memory  and  recall  abilities  of  participants  (Ravensthorpe,

2013).

It is also stated that

Bacopa

improves mood (depress

ion, anxiety, stress and nervousness)

by chemically supporting the effect of mood regulating neurotransmitters such as serotonin

and acetylcholine and serves as a natural anti

-

depressant that does not have undesirable

side effects. It improves the digestiv

e system by supporting the production of mucus in the

GIT  and  helps  to  absorb  more  important  vitamins  and  minerals  from  food.  In  the

respiratory system,

Bacopa

relaxes the bronchioles and blood vessels muscles around the

airway passage to improve breathing

(Ravensthorpe, 2013).

Bacopa

has  the  potential  to  be  a  successful  treatment  for  memory  improvement  in  both

healthy and aging adults, including those who suffer from age related memory impairment,

and  played  a  role  in  delaying  memory  decline  or  delaying

Alzheimer‟s disease (Kairalla,

2011). This herbal substance was proven to decrease the rate of forgetting newly acquired

information,  during  the  study;  tasks  assessing  attention,  verbal  and  visual  short

-

term

memory and the retrieval of pre

-

experimental kno

wledge were not affected (Roodenrys et

al. 2002).

Taking  Bacopa  on  an  empty  stomach  can  cause  gastrointestinal  problems  such  as

increased stool frequency, nausea, diarrhea, thirst or dry mouth and abdominal cramps. It

may also cause muscle fatigue, decrea

se in felt stress and reduction in number of dreams

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(Kongkeaw

et   al

.,   2014)   and   in   some   people   it   may   produce   weakness,   loss   of

concentration,  dizziness,  irritation  of  the  gastric  mucus  membranes  and  reflux  however

there are no known contraindications (Mil

ls and Bone, 2005).

According  to  Bone  (2007)  the  recommended  dosing  of  Bacopa  is  35  to  90  ml/week  (1:2

liquid)

7.5 to 10.0 g/day tablet

.

Safety  precautions:  use  with  caution  during  pregnancy  and  safe  for  use  during  lactation,

use with caution in patient wi

th pre

-

existing cholestasis. The use of herbs rich in saponins

may  be  inadvisable  in  coeliac  disease,  fat  malabsorption  and  some  upper  digestive

irritation and topically to open wounds (Mediherb, 2006).

 

 

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