Indian Journal of Research in Homoeopathy Vol. 3, No. 3, July-September 2009
[R. Shaw/V.A. Siddiqui/Rajpal/Vinay Kr. Singh/N.R. Dey]
The plant is acrid, bitter; astringent to the bowels, aphrodisiac, alterative, tonic; useful in diseases of eye and of the heart, in biliousness, and “kapha” (Ayurveda)
The herb has a bitter sharp taste; is an expectorant, carminative, tonic, antihelmintic, purgative; diaphoric, diuretic; purifies the blood and cleanses the
body; lessens inflammation; useful in jaundice, pains in the muscles and the joints, heat of the brain, headache, paralysis, diseases of the spleen, vomiting
The seeds have a bitter bad taste; sedative, emmenagogue, diuretic; useful in the diseases of the liver and spleen, quartan fever, chronic fevers, griping,
hiccough; purifies the blood and cleanses the bowels;
the infusion is given in ophthalmia, the decoction in biliousness as a purgative (Unani).
1 The plant contains cuscutalin and cuscutin; cucutalin pharmacologically potent drug; seeds contain pigments amarbelin and cuscutin and a wax and yield
a semi-drying oil.
2 Cuscuta reflexa plant
The plant is regarded as alternative, purgative and antihelmintic. Seeds are carminative and anodyne.
Stem is purgative.
Cold infusion of the seeds is given as a depurative and carminative in pains and stomach-aches.
As poultice they are also applied locally. Its seeds are used along with sarsaparilla to purify blood.
Stems in decoction are useful in constipation, flatulence,
Drug Proving Research Unit (H), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
To elicit the pharmacodynamic response of the drug, Cuscuta reflexa (= dodder) on healthy human volunteers, in non-toxic doses.
Proved through a double-blind method. The homoeopathic preparation of the drug was proved in three potencies (6C, 30C and 200C) on 13 volunteers
who were selected and declared apparently healthy during their pre-trial medical examination by specialists and through their routine pathological
investigations. The volunteers took 56 doses (four doses per day for fourteen days) of each potency (6C, 30C and 200C) in 3 stages
for a varying period. The symptoms generated during the trial period were noted by the volunteers and elaborated and cross-examined by the Proving
Master. The data obtained from the Drug
Proving Center was compiled at drug proving-cum-data processing cell at Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) headquarters after
decoding the drug.
Out of the 9 volunteers who were on actual drug trial, 8 manifested symptoms. The drug was able to produce symptoms in each potency. Only one
symptom appeared in more than one prover.
Pharmacodynamic responses elicited during the proving trial will add to the literature available on the drug and benefit the research scholars and
clinicians. This also needs verification through clinical trials.
Liver complaints and bilious affections.
Varalians of the dodder are highly useful in piles.
Externally they are used against itch and other skin diseases. The fruits are used in fever and cough.
Common throughout India, the plant is abundant in Bengal plains. It has no root under the ground but only grows as a parasite twiner on other plants, and
hence called akaswel (sky-twiner) or amarwel (immortal twiner), because it grows during the rains and every year the growth is afresh on the same plant.
Part used in Homoeopathy
Vertigo: with pain in neck and hands with constant nausea
Vertigo on standing, on empty stomach, walking; > after eating, rest
Head: Dull headache with fever
Throbbing pain in right side of head with mild fever
Frontal headache; < in evening with fever and bodyache
Violent cutting pain in occiput with heaviness; < in cold air; > by drinking hot tea
Severe throbbing pain in temporal regions;
< after sleep in afternoon
Pain in right side of temple, “As if beaten by hammers”
Throbbing pain extends to right parietal region; < waking up in morning; > after eating
Eyes: Burning pain in eyes with lachrymation
Burning pain in eyes with coryza and lachrymation
Redness and burning pain in both eyes with headache
Stye on lower eyelid with redness and pus
Nose: Running nose, < in rainy cold weather/fanning
Sneezing, running nose, < in open air/going outside; > in warm room;
Sneezing without discharge from nose, but with burning sensation in nose and throat
Face: Pain in mandibular joints, < chewing
Reddish small eruptions on face with severe itching
Mouth: Bleeding from gums while brushing the teeth in morning
Gums tender and teeth of lower jaw sensitive
Vesicular eruptions inside lower lip
Tingling sensation in mouth when drinking cold water, eating sweets; > holding hot water/tea in mouth;
Throat: Pricking pain in throat, < swallowing liquid; > drinking hot liquid (tea)
White patches on both the tonsils
Soreness of throat - with mild cough/< cold drinks; > in morning with little expectoration
Stomach: Loss of appetite (thirst for water)
Vomiting tendency, < at night
Vomiting just after taking food
Constant nausea with pain in neck and hands
Thirst increased/thirst for large quantity of cold water
Abdomen: Pain in abdomen, < after taking food
Severe pressing pain in abdomen, radiates upwards
Cutting pain in upper part of left side of abdomen
Rectum: Ineffectual desire for stool; passes with great straining; bleeding after stool
Much offensive flatus passes with stool
Diarrhoea at night
Stool: normal in consistency but blood drops after stool
Hard stool passed with pain and bleeding from rectum followed by loose watery stool which passes forcefully
Hard black stool passed with great straining
Stool small, stony hard
Sudden, watery, offensive, yellowish stool
Female organs: Violent itching in both labial commissures; itching followed by bleeding, burning
Larynx and trachea: Hoarseness of voice
Respiration: Difficulty in breathing with nausea and severe abdominal pain
Cough: Dry cough with cold and coryza
Dry paroxysmal cough with stitching pain in chest
Paroxysmal dry cough with pain in throat, < talking; > drinking cold water;
Cough with little expectoration, < morning
Chest: Electric pain in left side of chest, < evening
Stitching pain in left side of chest, < walking
Wheezing in chest with coryza and redness of eyes
Limbs: Pain between the shoulders, radiates to both hands up to fingers, < by movement, driving (scooter), lifting weight, > by rest;
Pain in both hands, radiates from the nape of neck.
Pain goes up to little finger, < bending neck forward; > lying down;
Pain in left shoulder up to left side of neck, radiates to back of hand up to the tips of fingers, < cold application/movement/jerk; > hot application;
Burning pain behind the left knee, < from morning to afternoon; > applying cold water;
Violent cramping pain in lower extremities, > pressure;
Pustular eruptions near right elbow with swelling down to hand with pain, < touch/jerk; > cold application;
Itching of upper and lower extremities with dryness, < in open air/putting off clothes; > cold water bath/after scratching;
Fever: with chill, loose stool and vomiting
Feverish feeling with bodyache and frontal headache, < evening;
Mild fever with throbbing pain in head
Great weakness, tired feeling with fever
Malaise and general weakness with occasional chill and sometimes hot feeling with headache, bodyache
General weakness with fever, loose stool and vomiting
Skin: Urticarial eruptions on body, hands, lips with severe itching; burning after scratching
Pustular eruptions with mild fever, cold air unbearable
Generalities: Weakness and tiredness; < morning;
Drug was able to produce symptoms in 6C, 30C and 200C potencies. No mental symptom was observed. Only one symptom viz. redness and burning pain
in both eyes with headache appeared in more than one volunteer. Symptoms like nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite corroborate its toxic effects and
symptoms like constipation seem to be its secondary action as its primary action causes purging. Drug seems to be indicated in gastrointestinal disorders,
headache, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, cold, coryza, cough and fever.
A concomitant symptom of constant nausea with pain in neck and hands was also found. These symptoms may help in clinical application of the medicine.
It is possible that there might have been partial proving of the drug at individual level but it is not published in available homoeopathic literature.
The symptoms observed during the proving indicates that this drug may be useful in the clinical conditions like conjunctivitis, stye, cough, coryza,
cervical spondylosis and urticarial eruptions on symptom similarity basis. Symptoms that appeared during the trial will add to the available literature on
this medicine and benefit the research scholars and clinicians for clinical use.