Group Analysis of Marine Animals


[Vanishree Naidoo]

GROUP ANALYSIS of Marine Animals

There are various approaches to group analysis; the focus of this research study is a comparison of the characteristic symptoms of Gymnura natalensis

to the symptoms of other remedies derived from sea animals. 

The remedies chosen for comparison form a group that constitutes a scientific natural „family‟ of sea animals (Mangialavori, 2002). 

[Mangialavori (2002)] Common themes of the sea remedies form a group that constitutes a scientific natural „family‟ of sea animals

Individuality – Do not need any contact with others

Weakness / Independence - A tendency to appear strong and not needing others

Communication issues

Past - The idea that "before" was better

Safe Environment / Protection


Motion - difficulty moving


Stinging pain


Ambra grisea has an affinity for the nervous system and female organs (Vermeulen, 2002:59).

A central theme of a reference to the past is characteristic of the sea remedies (Mangialavori, 2002).

This is evident in Ambra grisea that it dwells on past disagreeable occurrences (Vermeulen, 2001:52) whilst the trend in Gymnura natalensis

was of „going back to the past‟ i.e. past events and relationships, as depicted in the nature of the dreams. 

Both remedies share the symptom of anxiety with Ambra grisea reflecting anxiety and worry about almost everything (Vermeulen, 2002).

They also want to be left alone during this time.  It was noted in Gymnura natalensis that often provers experienced anxiety for no reason

or were unable to pinpoint the cause of their anxiety.

The irritability seen in Ambra grisea is somewhat mild and is initiated by conversation (Vermeulen, 2002:60), while the irritability expressed

in Gymnura natalensis is pronounced and stems from dissatisfaction and intolerance.

The sadness and despair is expressed as a loathing of life (Vermeulen, 2001:52), the despair of Gymnura natalensis is not of the same intensity

and is displayed more as negativity.

A prominent symptom is dullness and slow comprehension (Vermeulen, 2001:52) which corresponds to the spaced out feeling, difficult concentration

and inability to focus that is seen in Gymnura natalensis.

There is similarity of symptoms on the physical level.  There is an extreme weakness, lassitude and prostration of and body noted in both remedies


Galeocerdo cuvier hepar

The characteristic symptoms of Galeocerdo cuvier hepar are confusion of heightened senses, back pains, sleeplessness and an affinity for the female

reproductive system (Grimes, 2000). The anxiety of Galeocerdo cuvier hepar is particularly specific and relates to matters of health (Grimes, 2000:43).

There is dullness of mind, confusion and cloudiness and lack of mental clarity (Grimes, 2000:43) that corresponds to the inability to focus and relatively

poor concentration seen in Gymnura natalensis.

This symptom is further confirmed by a spaced out feeling (Grimes, 2000:44), also very distinct in the remedy pictures of Gymnura natalensis and

Lac delphinum. It is also noted that there is a need to be detached, of disconnecting and removing oneself from others (Grimes, 2000:43).

This remedy also shares the similar type of lassitude of Gymnura natalensis which is characterised by low energy, inability to do physical activity and

he need for rest (Grimes, 2000:98).


Lac delphinium

The characteristic symptoms of Lac delphinium include vertigo with a floating sensation in the head, specifically grey discharges and a spaced out

feeling (Herrick, 1998)

A particular similarity exists in both remedies with regard to this spaced out feeling.  In Gymnura natalensis, the spaced out feeling is reflected as a

feeling similar to that of intoxication with drugs.  The „spaciness‟ of Lac delphinium is likened to looking through a pane of glass with cracks or

as though there is a fog – indicating the lack of clarity of the head.

There is an associated disorientated or dissociated feeling (Herrick, 1998). 

This corresponds to the inability to focus and relatively poor concentration seen in Gymnura natalensis.

There is a need to be introverted, alone in their own world (Herrick, 1998) – detached- this corresponds to the detached, disconnected and isolated

feeling that exists in Gymnura natalensis.

In Lac delphinum, there is a feeling of being separated from the group, of wanting to be with people but feeling shunned (Herrick, 1998).

The feeling of separation in Gymnura natalensis is a conscious choice of wanting to be detached from others with a desire to be alone.



The specific symptoms of Medusa seem to be based on the toxicological effects of the jelly-fish sting with a very clinically based remedy picture. 

The characteristic indications are numbness, burning and pricking heat of the skin; vesicular eruptions similar to a nettle rash and disorders of

lactation (Murphy, 2001:1116).  The lack of mental/emotional symptoms in homoeopathic materia medica did not allow for further comparison

of this remedy with the themes of Gymnura natalensis.


Murex purpurea

The main action of Murex purpurea is on the female genital system and on the general state causing weakness and exhaustion (Vermeulen, 2001:667).

On the mental level it shares similarity with Gymnura natalensis with regards to the presence of a great sadness and anxiety.

The depression of Murex purpurea is (outstanding during menopause) (Vermeulen, 2002:935), a symptom further confirming its affinity for the female

system.  For the proving of Gymnura natalensis, it was not possible to determine whether depression would feature during menopause as there was

no female prover older than 35 years of age.  However, it is evident that the female reproductive system is an area of weakness for both remedies. 

In Gymnura natalensis, it was noted that premenstrual symptoms, such as breast tenderness were improved or absent for the duration of the proving. 

Murex purpurea on the other hand has principal indications for premenstrualsyndrome and painful mammary swelling (Vermeulen, 2001). 

There was a significant amount of tiredness and weakness experienced as exhaustion and lethargy in Gymnura natalensis, Murex purpurea shares

the same states of exhaustion and weakness (Vermeulen, 2001). 


Sepia officinalis has to be the most extensively researched and widely used remedy in this family of sea remedies.  The main indications incl.

particularly of the female pelvic organs, depression, irritability and constipation (Vermeulen, 2002:1227) which closely resembles the picture of

Gymnura natalensis.

There is a marked mental stasis with the characteristic confusion, dullness and thinking difficulty

(Vermeulen, 2002:1227) that is common to this family of remedies. 

The desire to be alone is due to the fact that they are indifferent to others and have an aversion to company. 

The remedy shows irritability and anger over trifles (Vermeulen, 2001) while the irritability of Gymnura natalensis is due to dissatisfaction and intolerance.

The remedy is particularly indicated for ailments related to female hormonal imbalance (menopause), as is the trend of other remedies in this group.

While the other remedies in the group exhibited lassitude, weakness and an inability to carry out physical activity.

Sepia officinalis > physical exertion, running or walking fast and keeping busy (Vermeulen, 2002:1227).


Analysis of the family of remedies derived from sea animals yielded the following common themes:

Alteration of mental state – „spaced out‟

Separation and a detached feeling

Individuality and a desire to be detached/disconnected

Mental and physical weakness

Affinity for the female genital and hormonal system



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