Impfungen Anhang 7
What Is Coming Through That Needle?
The Problem of Pathogenic Vaccine Contamination
Aluminium und Quecksilber sind fast immer dabei
Bei der Diskussion um das Für und Wider von Impfungen geht es meist nur um die Impfstoffe selbst. Dabei steht spätestens seit 1990 fest, dass es auch und vor allem die Impfstoffzusätze sind,
die die meisten Reaktionen, unmittelbar nach der Impfung, bzw. nach Verstreichen einer Latenzperiode, verursachen. So können sich neben dem eigentlichen Impfstoff in den Ampullen auch noch
weitere, nicht deklarierte Zusätze befinden. Meistens handelt es sich hier um Antiobiotika und Formaldehyde, sowie um zwei weitere Substanzen, deren chemische Zusammensetzung und
Wirkungsweise auf den menschlichen Organismus nachfolgend näher erläutert werden sollen: Aluminiumhydroxid und Thiomersal.
Dieser Stoff, chemische Formel Al(OH)3, wird in Form von Gel als Trägersubstanz für den betreffenden Impfstoff gebraucht. Trägersubstanz zu sein bedeutet in diesem Zusammenhang, dass der Impfstoff selber nicht so gut vom Organismus resorbiert und verteilt werden würde und dass man den Impfstoff deswegen "Huckepack" auf einer anderen Substanz, die gut resorbiert und verteilt
wird, in den Körper einbringt. Ein Kunstgriff, möchte man denken, wäre da nicht die Tatsache, dass die Trägersubstanz, das Aluminiumhydroxid, pathologische und sogar toxische Reaktionen
Walter Huber hat das wie folgt beschrieben:
"Im Menschen kann sich Al(OH)3 bei intramuskulärer Verabreichung im Lymphsystem festsetzen, die Lymphbahnen verstopfen und Granulome bilden, die oft nur operativ entfernt werden können (Hütteroth 1990). Über die Bildung von AluminiumhydroxidGranulomen (geschwulstähnliche Knoten) nach Hepatitis - B - Impfungen berichten Hütteroth und Quast (1990), sowie Fawcett (1984)
und auch Jilg (1989) ..."
Aus anderen Studien sind Schwellungen des Pankreas und Erkrankungen der Magenschleimhaut bekannt geworden. Auch im Tierversuch konnte bei Meerschweinchen nachgewiesen werden, dass geschwulstähnliche Knoten durch Aluminiumverbindungen aus Impfstoffen ausgelöst werden können.
Schließlich sind dann da auch noch diejenigen Symptome, die sich dem Homöopathen aus dem Studium des Mittels Alumina offenbaren. Eine Impfampulle enthält 0,5 mg Aluminium, intramuskulär verabreicht sicher genug, um den Patienten einer unfreiwilligen Arzneimittelprüfung zu unterziehen.
Dieser Stoff ist eine chemische Verbindung aus Thiosalicylsäure und Äthylquecksilber. Er zerfällt bereits in der Impfampulle in diese Bestandteile und enthält dann zu 50% reines Quecksilber (Hg). Thiomersal wirkt dadurch gegen Pilze (fungizid) gegen Bakterien (bakteriozid) und entzündungshemmend, und eben deswegen wird es Impfstoffen beigemengt. Die Folgen der Aufnahme von
Quecksilber auf den menschlichen Organismus dürften aus der Amalgam - Diskussion hinreichend bekannt sein. Wie auch dort, geht das Äthylquecksilber -dem Methylquecksilber ähnlich- eine
organische Verbindung ein und kann nun bis zu 20 Jahre (Halbwertszeit) den Organismus belasten oder sogar schädigen.
Methylquecksilbervergiftungen mit bis zu 500m/I Blut führen zu Parästhesien (Ausfall des Gefühls) in Armen und Beinen, bei über 500m/I Blut zu Schwindel und Koordinationsstörungen und ab 1300mg/I Blut wirkt es sogar tödlich.
Die neuronalen Schäden sind irreversibel, können mit einer Latenzzeit von mehreren Wochen nach der Impfung auftreten und schädigen besonders Kinder im Entwicklungsstadium.
Methylquecksilber ist plazentagängig und wurde auch bei Müttern mit einer Belastung von deutlich unter 500m/l Blut schon als Ursache für zerebrale Schäden bei Neugeborenen festgestellt.
Weitere Einsatzbereiche für Thiomersal
Der Einsatz von Quecksilber in der Medizin beschränkt sich nicht auf Amalgamlegierungen und Impfstoffe. Wegen der fungiziden, bakterioziden und entzündungshemmenden Eigenschaften wird Thiomersal auch für die Lösungen zum Sterilisieren von Kontaktlinsen und in einigen Fällen sogar in Nasentropfen verwendet. Das ist deswegen besonders gravierend, weil hier bei einer breiten Bevölkerungsschicht Unverträglichkeitsreaktionen und Allergien, sensibilisiert durch den ständigen Kontakt, gefördert werden.
Da sich die hierbei entstehenden Quecksilberverbindungen aufgrund der hohen Halbwertszeiten im Organismus akkumulieren und Thiomersal auch in Tinkturen und Konservierungsmitteln Verwendung findet, kann sich nach und nach im Körper eine Konzentration aufbauen, die dann immer mehr die Gestalt einer Zeitbombe annimmt.
Quecksilber, welches über den Verdauungstrakt aufgenommen wird, hat dabei übrigens deutlich weniger Toxizität, als Quecksilber, das ins Blut gelangt. Und genau das ist bei Impfungen mit Beimengung von Thiomersal der Fall; das Quecksilber wird vollständig (!) resorbiert. Rund zehn Prozent davon passieren die Blut - Hirn - Schranke und lagern sich dauerhaft im Gehirn ab, ein ähnlicher Prozentsatz verbleibt im Blut!
Wir wissen heute, dass Methylquecksilber mit Schwefelverbindungen, die für den Organismus von großer Bedeutung sind (z.B. die Aminosäure Cystein und das Coenzym A), chemisch reagiert und sie damit zerstört. Diese "Nebenwirkungen" sind aber wahrscheinlich nur die Spitze des Eisbergs; die Zukunft wird hier sicher noch weitere Zusammenhänge aufdecken können.
kann gesagt werden, dass vor der Diskussion um die eigentlichen Impfstoffe (über die hier enthaltenen Fremdeiweiße - meistens vom Rind - und deren Wirkung auf den menschlichen Organismus ließe sich ein eigener Artikel schreiben) die Impfstoffzusätze betrachtet werden müssen.
Es kann nicht angehen, dass vorhandene Inhaltsstoffe entweder nicht deklariert oder so umschrieben werden, dass der normale Therapeut oder auch Patient sich keine Vorstellung vom Inhalt machen kann.
Thiomersal ist ein gutes Beispiel dafür, wie man eine chemische Verbindung, die so labil ist, dass sie schon in der Ampulle in ihre Bestandteile zerfällt -und von denen dann eines eben Äthylquecksilber ist- so etikettiert, dass keine Proteste zu erwarten sind.
Impfungen mögen in bestimmten Fällen notwendig sein und dann auch Leben retten. Die Impfprophylaxe so wie sie derzeit betrieben wird, muss aber nachdenklich machen. Vor allem bei Kindern im Entwicklungsstadium, bei denen das Thiomersal besonders viel Schaden anrichten kann, sollte man von der jetzigen Impfpraxis wieder abgehen.
Infektionskrankheiten im Kindesalter sind für die Entwicklung und Reife von großer Bedeutung; sie haben in diesem Sinne eine charakterformende Kraft und trainieren außerdem das Immunsystem.
Für Komplikationen bei Infektionskrankheiten stehen heutzutage genügend Arzneien zur Verfügung, die die möglichen Risiken weitgehend ausschalten können. Selbst ohne die Nebenwirkungen wäre das Gros der Impfungen nicht mehr sinnvoll.
Um so mehr kann die Belastung durch Impfungen zum Ausschluß der statistisch geringen Wahrscheinlichkeit einer schweren Erkrankung nicht mehr wie bisher in Kauf genommen werden.
Den Verantwortlichen sind die einschlägigen Studien zu diesem Thema bekannt.
Parallelen zur Amalgamdiskussion drängen sich natürlich geradezu auf und wenn hier die Industrie, aus Furcht vor Schadensersatzklagen, bereits auf die lukrative Herstellung von Amalgam verzichtet hat, stellt sich die Frage, wer in Form des Thiomersals gesundheitliche Schäden bei Impfungen weiterhin - auch und gerade bei Kindern - billigend in Kauf nimmt?
Wie konnte das bis jetzt übersehen werden?
Wieso sind diese Arzneien noch am Markt?
Welche Interessen und Motive verbergen sich dahinter?
Fragen über Fragen und vor allem diese: Wer schützt Menschenleben wirklich?
Influence of Vaccination on the Constitution – a Miasmatic Approach
The whole concept of prevention through vaccination is obscure, unreliable and complicated; there is no real and justifying argument in our modern society to recommend to each family -with or without pressure- to let their children be vaccinated. The parents often do not know what to do when it comes to the question of vaccination. On the one hand, they know about the medical opinion of their doctor; on the other hand they have heard and read about horrible effects of vaccination. In some way their decision to let the child be vaccinated depends on the fear to lose their invulnerability as responsible parents. The whole responsibility of “yes” or “no” is on their shoulders only. They are permanently pursued by the strict and ?rm words of their health adviser: “If you don’t let your child be vaccinated, you will be responsible for the serious consequences”. But they don’t even have the right to ask: “Who will be responsible if something happens due to the vaccination?”
If somebody really dares to ask, the answer will be based on some kind of statistics: “Negative effects are very rare, maybe one in a million”; the second common answer is: “Even if the child gets the disease he was vaccinated against, the symptoms won’t be that intense or fatal”.
It is not the question of one in a million or one in ten million, the question is: “How will I react, if it is my own poor child? Do I have an explanation for myself or for my conscience? Did I fulfill my duties or did I fail as a parent to save my child from this horrible, life destroying experience?”
Under such conditions, there are no statistics that are of interest to me.
Every child and every single person has an individual capacity to resist epidemics and chronic diseases. Even if a child has direct contact with another child suffering from scarlet fever, it won’t be guaranteed that he will get infected too. On the one hand, medical experts are full of fear of getting infected with whooping cough, measles or meningitis, and on the other hand they inject these highly pathological products right into the system of the little ones. The probability of getting infected with a natural disease depends on the weakened condition of the vital force. There is a risk on both sides. Once the natural immunity of a child is sufficient to control the infection, why is it necessary to vaccinate the child? We are talking about natural immunity and the immune system, but do we really respect all of this whilst looking at mass vaccinations? I can understand that in the case of an individual weakness of immunity against a special disease it is important to be prepared, but how can we succeed in finding out the natural immunity of each individual?
The law of immunization is stolen from nature where getting infected with a particular disease automatically raises the immunity. Did we ever think about whether epidemics could have another reason? These passing epidemics where a lot of human lives are paid as a tribute have taken their course for ages. Wars, famine, fire, flood; all have led to an increase and to a decline of diseases. Fear and stress which dominate the human race have always left deep cracks in the human vital force. The possibility to prevent wars from flaring up, to encounter everybody with love and tolerance, to accept the function of all our co-inhabitants in this natural community, animals and microorganisms included – if we could achieve just a little bit of this, then we would talk of prevention. We human beings have disturbed the whole ecological balance; we have cleared the woods, have expelled everything out of its natural environment and have sprayed our food with pesticides and poison; we have destroyed the natural circle of life where the stronger one exists at the expense of the weaker one; we think everybody and everything around us is an enemy; we are victims of our own fears. The fear for our own existence has made us forget that we are not the sole inhabitants of this wonderful planet.
A real preventive therapy would be to free ourselves from these old orthodox fears; fear to speak in order not to hurt the other one; fear to cry because the other one could think I am weak; this strange wish to preserve the own abnormal picture has taken a heavy toll on millions. The fear to lose, to die, won’t let us go for a single moment; however we are listening more to others then to our own inner voice. The only way to achieve complete protection is to strengthen the love and the combining good-will between body and soul.
Vaccination damage from the homeopathic point of view
Let us take a look at minor or major evil effects of vaccination, seeing them with the eye of a homeopath.
Vaccination can cause minor physical or major mental disorders or increase the susceptibility to these. It can cause allergies in the form of dermatitis, hay fever, allergic asthma, milk allergy and different food allergies. It can stimulate the latent weakness which was probably inherited from parents or grandparents. One can observe different forms of diarrhea, dysentery or digestion problems. The child can develop a high susceptibility to colds; he will get ill due to minor changes of temperature or season; his resistance to illness is so weakened that he will be the first to pick up some infections that are in the air. Once the child is getting older you can observe an extreme restlessness; he is suffering from a lack of concentration and often from sleeplessness. He has an aversion to going to bed; he cannot stop the flow of thoughts. Caught between the increasing responsibility and the inner restlessness, many of them develop fever, cramps or even seizures. In homeopathy we call this psoric manifestation; there is a hysteric reaction to all irregularities of life. Human weaknesses like being very impulsive, extremely angry or intolerant increase immensely; irrationality becomes the slogan of their lifestyle. During puberty such children are a danger to themselves and to others; they cheat, manipulate and lie. The natural bond to other family members and to the entire world community is disturbed. Those who need statistics to confirm this should study or compare it to the life of simple, so called “uneducated”, less civilized poor village children. It is strange but interesting once you report about these existing differences. Certainly, vaccination is not the only reason for such disorders, but it can definitely work like a catalyst for a miasmatic disorder. We are not talking about subtle damages which unfortunately cannot be proven by a lab test. Following the late Dr. Burnett, vaccinosis (damages caused due to vaccination) is exclusively a sycotic disorder. Personally, I have made other observations concerning this. I have seen that every kind of miasmatic disorder can be stimulated by vaccination; whether it is psoric, sycotic, syphilitic or tubercular.
It is astonishing that in spite of extensive scientific and medical progress and research projects, many ill and frail children are born. The mothers of such poor children met the same fate of vaccination.
She had a tendency to miscarriages; in spite of the diagnosis “everything is normal” she could not get pregnant for a long time. Even this could be connected with the subtle effects of vaccination.
A sycotic miasm is produced, a deep and persistent process which could cause many other symptoms. The expectant mother is suffering from a persistent kind of anemia during her whole pregnancy and
no iron substitution helps; she could have repeated attacks of cystitis, renal pelvis inflammation or get depressed. The newborn could have chromosome disorders such as Down’s syndrome, malformations of the heart, kidney reflux or other disorders caused by vaccination. The child can develop a tendency to bronchitis, chronic cold or the ears being blocked due to a catarrh of the ear tube; he is suffering from belly colic, constipation and even runs the risk of getting an ileus. There is a high risk of being infected with whooping cough or developing a nephritis. This child is very susceptible to nasal polyps, sinusitis, bowel prolapse, hernia, warts, rheumatic fever and later to heart valve diseases. He is introverted, jealous, mysterious and most of all full of fears. There is an extreme lack of self-confidence.
He is afraid of doing something new, has a strong fear of examinations and a fear of unknown people. He is lazy and does not want to move or play. Furthermore, he can develop psoriasis, allergies, asthma, benign or malignant tumors. He can become an alcohol or drug addict; often you find hepatitis B or C. In his later life he could suffer from osteoarthritis, arthritis, disc hernia, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, hypertension, heart attack, kidney or gall bladder stones, fistulas, apoplexy, paralysis, Alzheimer’s disease, etc. I am of the opinion that the constantly rising rate of depression and suicides which is unfortunately connected with increasing sorts of mass vaccination is a proof of the dominating sycotic miasm in our modern society.
Syphilitic and Tubercular miasm
Other disorders due to vaccination that can be observed are syphilitic or tubercular. The affected child stops growing, physically or mentally. Though his appetite is increased, he loses weight drastically. There is a tendency to deficiency symptoms, assimilation disorders or even rickets. His teeth are bad with cavities from the beginning. The child can be born with hemophilia or a tendency to bleeding.
He is susceptible to repeated infections of the respiratory tract like pneumonia, croup or bronchitis. The small child suffers from otitis media, otorrhea or eardrum perforation. He is sensitive to atmospheric disturbances and strongly reacts to different moon phases. He develops seizures which occur periodically around full moon. He might need spectacles with thick lenses at a very young age because he is suffering from myopia or astigmatism; he can even have nystagmus or strabismus. This child is very dissatisfied, angry and unreliable. He gets very upset when he has to sit or stand for some time at a certain place, he cannot occupy himself for a long while with a book or a toy, gets annoyed easily and always needs a change. Many children develop such tendencies which are characteristic for these miasmatic disorders, especially after harmful effects of the whooping cough vaccination. The child is overactive, extremely full of energy and all of a sudden tired; he is charming and suddenly very brutal and vindictive. These children often show an extreme fear and at the same time a strong hate towards animals. The child is a total outsider, at home as well as in school or in our modern society. This frustrated and dissatisfied state of mind can lead to a constant change of home, partners, work and in some cases even to change of sex. Desire and perversion burn him out. These persons who are under the pressure of their constant desire, trying to find the “perfect satisfaction”, end up with the massive help of tobacco, alcohol or other stimulants. As we know, everything starts with one cigarette and one bottle. The result is disastrous because the desire is destructive. Degenerate and destructive diseases like diabetes, retinitis pigmentosa, osteoporosis and gangrene often put an end to the restless life of such constitutions.
Homeopathy and vaccination damage
Homeopathy is the best holistic kind of treatment and prevention; it respects the laws of nature and concentrates on strengthening the natural immunity of the individual. Homeopathy has a lot to offer when it comes to eliminating harmful effects of vaccination. All kinds of physical problems like asthma, seizures, neurodermatitis or sleeplessness and change of personality can be treated successfully. As these diseases are induced or artificially produced, they are not as easy to handle as the natural ones. Concerning less developed children or children with mental disorders, the quality of life can be improved. Healing is not possible all the time but a certain comfort can always be guaranteed.
I am not writing this to attack anybody or any kind of medical system personally, but this is my conclusion after years-long experience with such poor cases. There are cases with complete lack of mental development, with extremely aggressive outbursts, where they bite, hit and spit at the person present. These children who were hurt by harmful effects of vaccination are in between life and death. Is there an explanation for this? Each constitution is a combination of natural and inherited elements. According to the various situations and circumstances, a different degree of weakness manifests itself. Constant stress in the office can lead to high cholesterol results in one person, the other one might suffer from hay fever. Often reason and cause have no direct similarity with the following reaction. The death of a close person may lead to a heart attack in one person, the other one will suffer from sleeplessness or arthritis. Mass vaccinations of small children can increase these effects in many cases; they can cause problems of their own or stimulate the latent miasmatic weakness. Relying on nature and our natural immunity, we take a simple risk, but with a decision against it, we risk much more. Concerning statistics, vaccination cannot prevent the outbreak of a disease; isn’t the illusion of being protected against it just mere guess-work then? How can you accept being part of such a dangerous game? Be wise, have no fear, listen to your inner voice.
In recent times mankind is experiencing a situation never previously encountered, that being the threat of release of pathogens intended to kill or disable large numbers of people. That danger has prompted certain health agencies to prepare for possible mass vaccination of the populace. The purpose of this report is to examine the existing scientific evidence of pathogenic contaminants in vaccines.
This summary, while making no claim of being a complete review of the subject, will point out sufficient examples and illustrations of contamination with bacteria, viruses, and their components, so as to enable the reader to make a more informed decision regarding accepting a vaccination (or forcing others to receive one). It is presented in a format intended for the public, their physicians, and their agency or governmental representatives, and may be freely copied in its entirety.
If you as an individual are too busy to read this brief summary in one sitting, please be aware there is ample evidence in the scientific literature that serious viruses, bacteria; or components and toxins there from; as well as foreign animal or cancer-related proteins and DNA are finding their way into the commercial vaccines intended for humans, pets, and agricultural animals. If you are interested in the short and long-term health of yourself and those you care about, or serve as a public servant or medical advisor, you do owe it to yourself to be informed.
In the production of viral vaccines on a commercial scale, the virus of concern must be reproduced in large quantities. Viruses cannot survive or reproduce without being introduced into cells that nourish them, which enables the viral reproductive activity. In that sense all viruses can be considered parasitic on other cells. Living cell types commonly used to reproduce viruses in the lab include monkey kidney cells, chicken embryos, as well as other animal and human cells. These cells must also be nourished with food, and are most often fed with a nutrient mix containing in large part, bovine (cow) calf serum (usually, serum extracted from fetal calf blood). This product can carry many types of bovine blood-borne viruses, and is one of the primary sources of vaccine contaminants.
A journal article states, a potential risk associated with the production and use of biological products is viral contamination. This contamination may be present in the source material, e.g. human blood, human or animal tissues, cell banks, or introduced in the manufacturing process through the use of animal sera...
The viruses and other agents that can contaminate bovine calf serum are numerous. One of the most prominent is a pestivirus called bovine viral diarrhea virus. More specifically, we see in several scientific journal sources these types of statements: contamination of a vaccine as a consequence of infection of fetal calf serum; many batches of commercially available serum are contaminated with viruses such as BVD [bovine viral diarrhea]; virus was isolated from 332 of 1,608 (20.6%) lots of raw fetal calf serum obtained specifically for the Center and 93 of 190 (49%) lots of commercially available fetal calf serum; agents most frequently detected in CCL's [continuous cell lines] have been bovine viral diarrhea virus and mycoplasma. Our laboratory has consistently found that the source of bovine viral diarrhea contamination of CCLs has been the use of contaminated fetal bovine cell culture enrichment serum; and finally, In conclusion, most commercially available bovine sera are contaminated with BVDV and, although there is no evidence that the virus is infectious, bovine sera should be screened for this virus for the development or production of vaccine.
Can this virus cause infection or disease in humans? New evidence shows this is possible, as researchers have found a new strain that was isolated from human cells, and it is very closely related to the bovine strains. One study finds that an alarming 75% of all laboratory cell lines examined were contaminated with pestivirus strains; of these, all of the bovine cell lines were contaminated with 1 of 3 possible BVDV strains; cell lines from other animal sources including primates, sometimes contained one of these BVDV strains.
There is now heightened concern that this virus and others can cross species lines, creating new strains as they adapt to their new hosts, and this would include passage of the virus to and from humans. Whether the human strain of BVDV causes overt illness is uncertain, because physicians may be uninformed and not even be looking for this virus. It may be useful however, to compare the infection patterns in cattle. They can be persistently infected at a low level for their entire life with a non-pathogenic strain of the virus. Under these conditions, they consistently create and shed virus into the surrounding environment, which then infects other animals. The virus can nonetheless become lethal to the animal if it mutates, with the new form also causing visible cell damage and death in cultured conditions. The animal succumbs to gradual or acute deterioration of the gastrointestinal mucous lining, which produces diarrhea and its eventual demise. However, mutated virus is not always necessary to provoke debilitating illness and death, and ordinary virus can be isolated from the cow’s pancreas, adrenal glands, and pituitary glands; the virus has also been documented as causing serious pulmonary illness. A study describes an outbreak of disease among goats due to a vaccine contaminated with a bovine pestvirus; oddly, these animals experienced reproductive failure and lesions to the central nervous system. So, can these disease symptoms in varied organs and tissues also occur in humans when they carry this virus short or long-term?
A cursory examination of the literature indicates this may be occurring. One revealing study tells us faeces from children under 2 years old who had gastroenteritis that could not be attributed to recognised enteric pathogens were examined for Pestivirus antigens. Such antigens were detected in 30 of 128 episodes of gastroenteritis. The diarrhoeal disease in children excreting Pestivirus antigens resembled
that in other children except that it was more commonly associated with signs and symptoms of respiratory inflammation. There are also concerns regarding a pattern of pestivirus infection in infacts born with microcephaly, a condition wherein the head or cranial capacity is unusually small.
Scientists from the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory describe the situation quite clearly, and give an indication of the seriousness of the problem: The high frequency of virus and antibody detection in individual animal or small pool samples suggests that any large pool of unscreened sera will be contaminated. Infection of cell cultures with BVDV can lead to interference with the growth of other viruses. Vaccine produced on contaminated cells may in turn be contaminated, leading to seroconversion or disease in the vaccine. The safety, purity, and efficacy of viral vaccines require BVDV testing of ingredients, cell substrates and final product. And here is a similar statement from a New York Blood Center: Bovine viral diarrhea virus, whose small virion size does not allow 100% assurance of its removal by filtration, may potentially contaminate every lot of commercially produced fetal bovine serum.
In reality though, how much of this particular viral contaminant has trickled into humans? Well, in spite of manufacturers and regulatory agencies claiming efficacy of their testing procedures, one 2001 study found 13% of human MMR, polio or Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccines tested positive for pestivirus RNA. And another researcher observes, serum antibodies against BVDV have been detected
in approximately 30% of human population who had no contact with potentially infected animals. Also, pestiviruses adapted to human cell cultures may be harmful because serious BVDV infections in humans have been frequently suggested. The BVDV persistently infected in cell cultures used for vaccine productions have been shown to be a source of contamination in live virus vaccines. It is, therefore, prerequisite to examine pestivirus contamination in cell cultures to avoid secondary infections in humans as well as in animals.
Continuous immortal cell lines
This same scientist brings up another important issue. Because many medical-use biological products (incl. vaccines) are now being cultured or produced on what is called continuous cell lines
(i.e., these are cell cultures consisting of immortal or cancerous types of cells because they have no limits on how many times they can divide), there is concern that viral contamination of these cell lines with a pathogen like bovine viral diarrhea virus, could spread cancer-promoting material into the human recipient. How could this happen? Briefly, it works like this. The virus (which in this case has a single strand of RNA for its genome) is capable of incorporating RNA from the cells in which it has been cultured, into its own genome. If any contaminant RNA virus is present in a culture that contains immortal cancerous cells, this virus can easily mutate to include unwanted oncogenic material, which can then get passed into the biological product intended for human medical use.
Were you aware that biological products, including some common vaccines (for instance, polio and rabies), are being produced on continuous immortal cell lines? Manufacturers, scientists, and agencies
will often assure us that these cells themselves are not tumorigenic, i.e., they do not cause tumors per se. A closer look however, shows this is not always the case. While lab culturing may indicate that
these types of cells are not immediately changing to overt tumor cells, it is now well-known in the scientific community that after these cells have been repeatedly cultured a certain number of times, something causes them to convert to a cancerous state.
This journal article summary addresses the issue in regards to Vero cells, which is a continuous cell line coming from the African green monkey, and is commonly used in vaccine production. It states,
One of the current criteria for evaluating the acceptability of cell lines for use in vaccine production is lack of tumorigenicity. Vero cells represent an example of a class of cells known as continuous cell lines. They were derived from African green monkey kidney, and their growth properties and culture characteristics have many advantages over other cell substrates for use in vaccine production.
We have tested Vero cells for tumorigenicity in nude mice and in a human muscle organ culture system, and found a significant increase in their tumorigenic potential with increasing passage numbers.
Cells at passage 232 and higher produced nodules in all nude mice inoculated. [The term passage in this context means the number of times a cell line has been cultured].
There is another very important issue reported in studies that is evidently being largely ignored as regards long-term vaccine effects and safety. There is obvious evidence that in the lab, continuous immortal cell lines react differently between one type of animal species and another (21, 23). As an example, tissue from one species will allow the immortal cell to induce a cancerous change more quickly, in comparison to tissue from a different species. These results then beg the following questions. How extensively have these continuous cell lines been tested on human tissues, and would the results vary from one type of tissue to another? And what happens over the long term if an immortal cell from a vaccine culture makes its way into the final vaccine product, does it keep dividing in the human body? Another scenario might suggest the tumor-promoting portion of its DNA inserting into a viral genome, which then gets injected into the body what happens at that point?
Furthermore, given the evidence that closely-related animal species (as an example, various species of monkeys) react differently to immortal cells, do we also need to consider that any one vaccine intended for all humans might ultimately react differently among the various races, ethnic groups, and sexes? And what are the effects of the vaccine contaminants on persons with immune depression, on the elderly, or on infants?
A letter from the FDA to vaccine manufacturers dated as recently as March 2001 shows that this issue regarding immortal cell lines is still of concern. It states, In general, CBER [Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research] currently views Vero cells as an acceptable substrate for viral vaccines, but has residual concerns CBER recommends that all products derived from Vero cells be free of residual intact Vero cells. If your manufacturing process does not include a validated filtration step or other validated procedure to clear residual intact Vero cells from the product, please incorporate such a procedure into your manufacturing process. It is now 16 years after the WHO gave a go-ahead (in 1986) to use continuous cell lines for vaccine production (25), and yet there are very basic safety questions not resolved by the manufacturers, agencies, and scientific community, much less the finer details. One 1991 study reports: Cell substrate DNA was shown to be an abundant contaminant in the clarified preparations of the Sabin type 1, 2 and 3 poliovaccines produced on a continuous cell line. Another indicates that immortal cell lines showed 100-times greater number of DNA recombination events compared to normal cells. As one researcher states, Using neoplastic cell lines as substrates for vaccine development could inadvertently result in viral-viral or viral-cellular interactions whose biological consequences are unclear viral-viral and viral-cellular interactions can result in the generation of new retroviruses with pathological consequences. We note the term neoplastic means the quality of having
an abnormal growth characteristic.
There is an even stronger statement dating back to 1990. A scientist in the field writes, The present concern is for safety of vaccines made using transformed or neoplastic mammalian cells that may contain endogenous contaminating viruses or integrated gene sequences from oncogenic viruses. There is also concern for use of plasmid vectors employing promoter elements from oncogenic viruses. The principal concern for safety lies with retention of residual DNA in the vaccine, especially since induction of cancer is a single-cell phenomenon, and a single functional unit of foreign DNA integrated into the host cell genome might serve to induce cell transformation as a single event or part of a series of multifactorial events. Current proposed standards for vaccines would permit contamination with up to 100 pg [picograms] of heterologous DNA per dose. This is equivalent to about 10 functional lengths of DNA. Total safety would seem to require complete absence of DNA from the product.
Please note that 10 means 10 to the power of 8, or 100.000.000 functional lengths of DNA are allowed per dose of vaccine. Is there something wrong with this picture? How long will the general public
be subjected to these vaccine products that according to this information, are nowhere near safe?
It has taken, for instance, approximately 40 years for the scientific community to finally acknowledge that we have a serious problem as a result of the contamination of polio vaccines with simian virus 40 (SV40) in the late 1950s - early 1960s. There has been previous evidence of some human brain and other tumors containing this virus, but the medical community has been slow to acknowledge
a definitive link between SV40 and cancer in humans. However, two independent research teams have recently found this virus present in 43% of cases of non-Hodgkins lymphoma. Another study found it present in 36% of brain tumors, 16% of healthy blood cell samples, and 22% of healthy semen samples. And strangely, SV40 has now been found to infect children. Considering that children of this era, are not supposed to be receiving the virus via the vaccine contamination route, this would therefore imply that SV40 is being transmitted from one human to another, in ways not previously known.
Other simian viruses may also be contaminating the (Vero) monkey cell lines used for vaccine production. One example from the literature cites the contamination presence of SV20, which is a oncogenic simian adenovirus.
Simply put, are we in a state of denial that vaccines are ultimately transmitting viruses, DNA, and proteins into humans from foreign animal sources (and possibly unhealthy human sources), and that this may be strongly contributing to the incredible upsurge in cancers and serious chronic diseases? Are these foreign animal genes altering your DNA? Furthermore, given that viral presence can sometimes take years to manifest actual disease symptoms, and then considering the tendencies of health-related agencies and corporations towards short-term solutions and profits, will we ever truly know the long-term consequences until it is too late?
Other bovine viruses
Another contaminating virus found in the calf serum used for vaccine production is bovine polyoma virus (polyoma viruses are strongly associated with cancer); one pertinent article is titled Bovine polyoma virus, a frequent contaminant of calf serum. Other contaminants include a virus from the parvovirus family; another study cites virus-like particles and mycoplasma-like agents in 68% and 20%
of the samples, respectively; and yet another mentions the presence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (aka bovine herpes virus 1), and parainfluenza-3 virus in addition to the common BVDV.
An interesting report from 1975 not only affirms the presence of these viruses in calf serum, and mentions the additional presence of bovine enterovirus-4, but also tells us that 25% of serum lots that were pre-tested by the suppliers and considered to be free of known viral contaminants were actually contaminated with bovine viruses (43). It should be obvious that any bovine blood-borne virus (including serious retroviruses such as bovine leukemia virus, bovine visna virus, and bovine immunodeficiency virus) could ultimately end up in human or animal vaccines via the use of calf serum in the manufacturing process.
Contamination of calf serum with certain bovine herpes viruses, and the possible implication for human health, deserves a bit of scrutiny. It is known that bovine herpesvirus-1 replicates easily in a human embryo cell line called WI-38 (44). It is also known that bovine herpesvirus-4 is quite persistent in calf serum, and has a wide host range, including human cells. In fact, this particular virus strongly replicates in two human embryonic cell lines, WI-38 and MRC-5, enough so to prompt one author to give these details and a warning: PCR [polymerase chain reaction] detected a 10.000-times-higher level of BHV-4 [bovine herpesvirus-4] DNA the supernatant indicated a 100-fold increase of infectious particles. Since this is the first bovine (human herpes virus 8 and Epstein-Barr virus related) herpes virus which replicates on human cells in vitro, the danger of possible human BHV-4 infection should not be ignored.
The clincher to this possible contamination, is that these same human cell lines WI-38 and MRC-5 are two of the most common human cell lines used to manufacture viral vaccines, (for example - rubella, chickenpox, smallpox) and these cell lines are of course, commonly nurtured with calf serum.
Contaminants from chicken sources
Some viral vaccines are produced by growing the virus in chicken eggs. Common human vaccines manufactured by this method include influenza, mumps, measles, yellow fever, and others. Like the vaccines that include bovine-source materials, those derived from chicken embryo culture are plagued with some very serious viral contamination problems.
Avian leukosis virus (aka avian leukemia virus or ALV) is a retroviral pathogen that infects large segments of the modern poultry industry, is present in commercial chickens and eggs, and thus exposes humans on a consistent basis. An interesting virus in the sense that it can be considered a parent, it easily transforms into a dizzying array of related viruses by hijacking one of numerous cancer-related
gene segments from its host, and inserting it into its own genome. Furthermore, it has the additional capability of inserting itself into the host (including human) genome, hiding out so to speak, and causing cancerous cell transformation from that location. There is now much scientific literature available that describes the various active mechanisms of this and other cancer-associated viruses. Viruses that originate from the parent avian leukosis virus, include the potent Rous sarcoma virus, Rous-associated viruses, avian myeloblastosis virus, avian myelocytoma virus, avian erythroblastosis virus, Fujinami sarcoma virus, etc. One group of researchers studying the mechanism of ALV writes, Serial passaging of a retrovirus that does not carry an oncogene on such cultures leads with a high frequency to the emergence of new viruses that have transduced oncogenes. In other words, given the right growth conditions, ALV can easily transform into other closely related viruses that are known to be cancer-related.
Just how common is this avian leukosis virus in viral vaccines? The first evidence of contamination came to light in the 1960s when yellow fever vaccine was found to contain it (50). Since that time, it is common knowledge in the industry that this virus (or components thereof) still linger in human and animal vaccines. Indeed, the respected Fields Virology text (year 2001 edition) states, At the present time, vaccines produced by some of the world’s 12 manufacturing institutes are contaminated with avian leukosis virus. One point that researchers in this field do agree upon, are the presence of ALV, avian endogenous virus, avian reticuloendotheliosis virus (another poultry retrovirus), and also an enzyme called reverse transcriptase (a component of retroviruses) in final vaccine products intended
for human use, especially the mumps, measles, yellow fever, and influenza vaccines. What they do not agree upon are the effects on humans in terms of transmission, infection, and possible subsequent
disease. A recent study coming out of the U.S. CDC (Centers for Disease Control), which analyzed frozen blood serum samples from children that had received MMR vaccinations, reports no avian viral presence in these samples.
And yet, we see reports from other researchers that make us question the results of that study. As is often the case with viruses, some strains will show particular affinities for certain types of tissues or growth conditions, and ALV is no exception. One researcher makes the effort to explain, Because of the difficulty in infecting mammalian cells in vitro with these viruses, it is generally held that they
do not infect humans. Our results show that exposed poultry workers and subjects with no occupational exposure to these viruses have antibodies in their sera specifically directed against ALSV [Avian leucosis/sarcoma viruses]. Further investigation into whether these findings mean that virus has been integrated into the human genome is needed, to assess the public health implications of these results.
He also explains in another article, that given the known behavior of these viruses in mammalian cellular culture, a blood serum test will not always provide the correct evidence of viral presence in the human body. In other words, does the virus (or viral antibodies) need to be actively present in the blood stream at the time of the blood draw? What if the viral particles have retreated into other tissues? Thus the CDC study mentioned above may not have presented an accurate assessment of viral presence, or long-term effects from the numerous ALV-associated offspring viruses. Considering that ALV can for example, easily capture the human erbB oncogene, and that erbB as well as the oncogene called myc are strongly associated with common forms of human breast cancer, it seems that the issue of ALV vaccine contamination would deserve a high level of attention! (By the way, the general reader should not feel intimidated by the abbreviations associated with oncogenes erb refers to erythroblastosis, and myc refers to myelocytomatosis, which are the names of two ALV-associated offspring viruses). A well-known microbiology text reinforces these concepts by teaching, Proto-oncogenes become incorporated into retroviral genomes with surprising ease.
The unintentional presence of bacterial-source toxins (called endotoxins or exotoxins) in human and veterinary vaccines has been recognized for many years. Such toxins are originally present in source materials, or are produced as a result of bacterial infection during the manufacturing process. The various methods used in attempts to eliminate viruses and bacteria from vaccines are simply not effective
in the removal of these problematic toxic proteins (63). Several observers have expressed concern that the presence of endotoxin may be a source of severe adverse reactions seen in some individuals after receiving a vaccine. Some vaccines, such as those for diphtheria and tetanus, are specifically created to induce a protective mechanism in the body against the bacterial toxin; however, vaccines prepared from bacteria can contain appreciable and potentially dangerous lingering amounts of toxin, despite the steps used during manufacture to decrease the toxic potency, as described in this comment:
Vaccines composed of gram-negative bacteria contain endotoxin in considerable amounts. This may result in adverse effects after vaccination of sensitive animals. It has also been reported that bacterial toxin contamination residing in calf serum, can cause breaks in the DNA of human cells.
Bacterial contamination - nanobacteria
Nanobacteria is a recently discovered pathogen that infects humans. Now considered to be the smallest existing bacterial form known to science, it escapes through common filtering processes, and can easily invade other cells and cause cell death. Nanobacteria also are classed as pleomorphic, that is, they have the ability the change physical form. A human variety of this pathogen has been found to
cause or be associated with a host of disease conditions, only a few of which include atherosclerosis, coronary artery / heart disease, kidney stones and kidney disease, arthritis, MS, alzheimers, some cancers, and other conditions (67).
Since this species of bacteria is specific to mammals, and must be lab-cultured in mammalian blood or serum, it is not surprising that this variety of nanobacterium has been isolated as a contaminant from bovine calf serum, other mammaliam bio-products, and vaccines. One study reports that 100% of serum of cattle in a US herd showed antigens to nanobacteria, and cites another report from Europe that, more than 80% of commercial bovine serum lots contain Nanobacterium. Obviously, any vaccines that must incorporate mammalian products during production (which would include cow, monkey, or human cells, blood or serum), will be prone to nanobacterial contamination. This was indeed verified when a group of researchers found that 2 out of 3 lots of inactivated polio vaccine, and 3 out of 6 lots of veterinary vaccines were contaminated with nanobacteria. They also point out that the bacteria could be coming from calf serum and contaminated culture cell lines (69). Any reasoning person with a basic knowledge of vaccine production can deduce that nanobacteria have undoubtedly been infecting humans in a fairly widespread manner via vaccination procedures. One might also wonder whether it has contributed to the current prevalence of atherosclerosis and generalized heart disease.
Bacterial contamination: mycoplasmas and related forms
If there is any one type of bacterial contamination in vaccines that warrants particular attention, it would be mycoplasmas. These small organisms have a structure not characteristic of most forms of bacteria, i.e., they usually contain a thin outer membrane as compared to the more complex walls of common bacterial forms. They are described as being capable of slipping through filtration procedures, and can transfer to other media through the air or via routine handling in the lab. One source states that less than 10% of laboratories actually test for infection/contamination regularly that mycoplasmas
are influencing almost every aspect of cell biology and that labs which do not test for mycoplasma probably harbour contaminated cell lines and may even have their entire stocks contaminated, as mycoplasma spreads readily along cell lines via regents and media, the operator and the work surface. They are resistant to certain types of antibiotics used to kill other bacteria, and are subject to changing form under varying physiological or biochemical conditions.
The journal and industry literature is filled with references to the problems of mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures and vaccines. Various studies cite corrupted cell lines ranging in occurrence from 5% to 87%, and as we now know, once this pathogen is in the cell culture being used to make the vaccine, it is liable to end up in the final product. One author states, Mycoplasma contaminants can be considered important not only because of their role as pathogens but also because they may indicate that insufficient care has been taken during vaccine manufacture or quality control. Species of mycoplasmas that have polluted the cell cultures include Mycoplasma hominis, M. fermentans (implicated in Gulf War illness), M. arginini, M. hyorhinis, M. orale, M. pirum, M. pneumoniae, and Acholeplasma laidlawii. Any reputable company that sells tissue or cell culture material, also must test for and sell kits to detect mycoplasmas.
Mycoplasmas and associated variant forms have long been associated with many disease processes (cancer/chronic illnesses: chronic fatigue syndrome/fibromyalgia/arthritis/Gulf War Illness/many others).
It would be impossible to cite all the pertinent references in this short report, on this vast arena of microbiology that is often ignored by much of the medical community, sometimes with tragic consequences. Mycoplasmas without question have the capability of altering cell membranes and their antigens, disrupting DNA, and altering cellular metabolism both in vitro and in vivo.
Cross-contamination of cell lines
As we recall that all viral vaccines can only be produced with the use of cells, the purity of the cell lines an important issue. The most famous example of many cell lines becoming contaminated from outside sources, occurred when the famous and extremely fastidious HeLa cancer cells started showing up in labs across the world in the 1960s. The phenomenon is well-documented, and is even the subject of an entire book. One study from 1976 cited a litany of contamination in all primary and continuous cell lines that were examined many viruses were found, as well as HeLa cells.
As the years progress, the reports continue to come in: one from 1984, for instance, tells of inter- and intra-species cell cross-contamination, that 35% of all cell lines were corrupted, and that most of these lines were (originally) cells of human origin.
Let us fast-forward to 1999. A study in Germany finds that the problem is continuing, if not worsening. In a survey of human cell lines, the most common cross-contaminants came from classic tumor cell lines; that these polluted lines had been unknowingly used in several hundred projects which generated potentially false reports; and that they considered it a grave and chronic problem demanding radical measures.
The situation is such that several scientists were prompted to write a letter to the respected journal Nature in January 2000, calling for immediate action to institute procedures that would verify the purity of cells used for research and production of biological products, ensure freedom from mycoplasma, and include biohazard information. (Did I hear that correctly, cells can be considered a biohazard)?
Has anything changed since then to remedy the situation? There is another report from Jan. 2002, that two major cell lines used in research projects actually turned out to be HeLa cells.
I ask the reader to now recall information from earlier in this report, that there are proposals being considered to produce vaccines and other biological products using distinctly cancerous cell lines, including HeLa. Does this seem reasonable, especially since the current lines are already dangerously tainted with HeLa and possibly other cancerous cells? Please remember the 100,000,000 allowable pieces of cell-source DNA allowed per dose of vaccine (and this does not include the viral contaminants). Anyone care for a small, under-the-skin serving of human cancer-cell-component soup? With maybe a few monkey cell fragments for garnish, and viruses for flavor?
Additional points to consider
There are several issues the public and medical community may want to be aware of concerning safe administration of vaccines. The human and animal body has normal barriers that help to protect against infiltration by foreign agents, among them are the skin, the respiratory and intestinal mucous linings, and the blood-brain barrier. The puncture of skin by a needle breaches that barrier. A group of researchers states, Virus contamination of bioproducts such as vaccines, blood products or biological material used in surgery and for transplantations also is more hazardous because the application of contaminating virus usually occurs by circumvention of the natural barrier systems of the body virus contamination of bioproducts should be considered as a hazard no matter which method has been used for its detection. Of even more concern, is the administration of vaccines nasally (through the nose), or accidental passage via that route. Fields Virology text (2001) says, The olfactory tract has long been recognized as an alternative pathway to the CNS [central nervous system] olfactory neurons are unprotected by the blood brain barrier. While that writer particularly addresses the flavivirus family
[intranasal inoculation of flaviviruses may result in lethal encephalitis], this pattern of potential danger may deserve further attention than it currently receives, especially if there ever is consideration to use a method of nasal inoculation for mass vaccination of the public or military, and there may be contaminating viruses or toxins in a vaccine that have an affinity for nerve cells and tissues.
Mass immunization programs often use jet injectors to save the time and inconvenience associated with needles and syringes. However, a study published in July 2001, found that the 4 injectors tested had the capability of transferring tiny amounts of fluid and blood (and thus, viruses such as hepatitis B and C, HIV, etc.) from one recipient to the next. Numerous other articles confirm the danger, and question the safety of these devices, including one study that reported an outbreak of hepatitis B associated with use of a jet injector.
Some of the newest types of vaccines are called subunit and naked DNA vaccines. Without going into the intricacies of their production, they involve techniques used in genetic engineering.
Subunit vaccines generally will insert a viral or bacterial DNA section into the DNA from yeast, which is allowed to reproduce in large quantities. The protein intended for inclusion in the vaccine is then separated from the yeast cells. In the case of naked DNA vaccines, the viral or DNA gene is first reproduced, then spliced into a plasmid (essentially free DNA, widely used in recombinant technology), reproduced in bacteria or cells, and then separated from them for inclusion in the vaccine. Recombinant gene vaccines can also be produced via these methods, for instance, hepatitis B is now an exclusively recombinant vaccine.
One of the major concerns with these methods is the unpredictability and interaction of the final vaccine product with the proteins or DNA of the host.
A document from the FDA states: Genetic toxicity: Integration of the plasmid DNA vaccine into the genome of the vaccinated subjects is an important theoretical risk to consider in preclinical studies.
The concern is that an integrated vaccine may result in insertional mutagenesis through the activation of oncogenes or inactivation of tumor suppressor genes. In addition, an integrated plasmid DNA vaccine may result in chromosomal instability through the induction of chromosomal breaks or rearrangements. Another group advises, Research findings in gene therapy and vaccine development show that naked/free nucleic acids constructs are readily taken up by the cells of all species including human beings. These nucleic acid constructs can become integrated into the cell's genome and such integration may result in harmful biological effects, including cancers. And to reiterate the danger of tumorigenic cell lines, a researcher says, More recently, recombinant DNA technology has expanded beyond bacterial cells to mammalian cells, some of which may also be tumorigenic.
It seems obvious that there needs to be a new and open dialog regarding vaccines among the regulatory agencies, manufacturers, research and medical community, and the public. Many have been ridiculed for refusing vaccination for themselves or their children, but considering the occurrences of short-term adverse events and questionable efficacy, possible long-term health damage, and now also facing the potential of wide-ranging loss of civil liberties, is it so surprising that many are questioning what the actual benefits are surrounding most vaccination protocols? Are the cases of damaged children,
non-functional adults, the huge increases in cancer rates, immune and chronic diseases to be simply and blindly accepted by the public as tolerable losses?
As a citizen with a right to good health, please be advised of the following issues. Vaccine quality in the U.S. relies for the most part, on manufacturers reporting to the FDA. Here is a relevant statement from the CDC: Manufacturers are required to submit the results of their own tests for potency, safety, and purity for each vaccine lot to the FDA. They are also required to submit samples of each vaccine lot to FDA for testing. However, if the sponsor describes an alternative procedure which provides continued assurance of safety, purity and potency, CBER may determine that routine submission of lot release protocols (showing results of applicable tests) and samples is not necessary. Yes, this is the scope of the quality-control protocol that oversees a market worth billions of dollars, yet allowing all
these contaminants into the vaccines.
It may be helpful to have an idea of the scope of the operation to understand what we are dealing with here. We are advised that Large-scale cell culture operations for biotechnology products use millions of litres of complex media and gases as well as huge quantities of organic and inorganic raw materials. These raw materials must always be assumed to contain contamination by adventitious agents.
And because there is a potentially large number of animal and human viruses (or viral segments) that could be entering into the final vaccine products, it would take a equally large bank of molecular probes, as well as frequent, wide-spread testing, to screen for presence of these contaminating agents. This would obviously add time and expense for the manufacturers. What needs to be decided is this is the effort and cost involved in cleaning up these admittedly filthy medical products, worth the resultant benefit to the public health? And since certain animal products are necessary for the production of vaccines, it may also be necessary to clean house at several levels, including the agricultural sector. It is no secret for instance, that commercial chicken flocks raised for meat and eggs are often carrying infectious avian leucosis virus, mentioned earlier in this report.
For the record, the smallpox vaccine ordered by the U.S. government from Aventis is being produced on two types of continuous cell lines, the human embryonic MRC-5 and the green monkey Vero cells. We might also be advised of one researcher’s thoughts, that normal embryo and foreskin cells presumably represent a state in development which is genetically unstable, rendering them considerably more susceptible to malignant transformation. Are remnants of these types of cells something we want injected into our bodies?
The decision you make in accepting or refusing a vaccination can be a very personal one, but whatever you decide, do try to be informed of the true benefits and risks. Nobody should be forced to submit to any medical procedure, especially one of questionable value.