Lepomis Gibbosus = Pumpkinseed Sunfish
[Sally Williams/Patricia Maher]
Coloring: Sides speckled with orange, yellow, blue, and emerald spots; breast and belly orange to orange-red
= Pumpkinseed sunfish, yellow sunfish, common sunfish, round sunfish, bream, sun bass, punky, pond perch, and simply sunfish or "sunny".
Vergleich: Siehe: Pisces + Patriarchat
During the trituration the group was very giddy, laughing and joking. Even though provers expressed some violent tendencies and intolerance of each other, as the trituration continued, the group laughed and was light-hearted about it. One prover punched another impulsively and both broke out in laughter. The conversations and drawings were of stabbing, punching, fish with large teeth, an octopus destroying a submarine, fights, and battles, but the general mood around it was light. Though the provers seemed intolerant of each other at times, everyone had “sunny” dispositions.
The proving also reflects a strong dynamic of connection and disconnection within the group of provers. There was a strong desire to be connected to a group and work as a group, and, conversely a feeling of being disconnected or left out. This theme is borne out in the full 2 weeks of the proving (dreams). During the trituration one prover had the sensation of being in another room separated from the rest. The feeling of being disconnected because of distortions in hearing and an inability to communicate well or understand what others were saying was quite pronounced.
Sally has successfully prescribed this remedy for an Alzheimer’s case where the client had a very “sunny” and kind disposition. Everyone around her would remark on what a sweet and lovely person she was. However, her daughter related that her mother had been extremely cruel to her and her siblings during their childhoods. Her mother had high expectations and would “punish them with a belt with a smile on her face”.
Louis Klein teaches that cannibalistic fish may very well be good remedies for Alzheimer’s and other disorders of the brain. Fish are well known as “brain food” due to a high content of omega-3 oils, but that is not the only reason for this association. Cannibalism is quite prevalent amoung fish and the connection between prion diseases and cannibalism is well known (e.g. kuru-kuru, mad cow and chronic wasting disease). Some researchers also postulate a connection between prion diseases and other kinds of brain pathology such as Alzheimers and Parkinson's because of the similarities in brain protein malformation. In this particular remedy, the mental symptoms of Alzheimer’s and similar brain disorders are present, in particular the difficulties in memory, concentration, speaking, and comprehending language. The remedy's unique quality is - hidden cruelty masked by a “sunny” disposition.
Tired but not like wanted to sleep, just like I wanted to sit still. Even though it was an effort to concentrate much, I could focus on playing a video game - the visuals and sounds combined were very appealing.
Head: Pain (from nose to top of head/like a skunk stripe down center of head/across forehead (sharp pain/stuffy feeling/pressure/vice-like)/> distraction/
Vertigo: Fuzziness, spacey feeling/dizziness, wooziness/swaying - dizzy, like motion sickness/spinning.
Vision: spacey feeling, feeling of not seeing clearly
Hearing: Sounds distorted/not hearing well/
Face: Teeth feel ok but rest of face feels distorted; lip piercing feels as though protruding.
Twinges in r. jaw
Mouth: Tingling and prickling in the tongue.
Roof of mouth sore.
Teeth: Can’t wrap lips around teeth/”As if lips won’t close around teeth”
Taste: Metallic taste back of nose/throat area.
Smell, taste on tip of tongue, doesn’t taste good.
Throat: Heavy throat, pressure base of throat, fullness.
Sharp prickly feeling in back of throat/feels like swallowed something that is prickly in the back of throat.
Heavy pressure at the base of my throat with fullness.
Sharp prickly feeling in the back of my throat like I swallowed a hook.
Weird stuff in back of throat.
Thickness in throat as soon as Tirturation began.
Constriction in throat with heart racing.
When I eat at times it is like there is something stuck in my throat.
Stomach: “Cookie dough and sugar sound delicious”
Heavy feeling (like eating a dough-ball).
Not feeling so great.
Sick to stomach.
just ate huge dough ball, sitting in stomach.
Dizziness, wooziness, then in stomach.
Dizzy and woozy and sick to my stomach. Like I am on a boat sea sick. Swaying dizzy like I have motion sickness. Like I have a dough ball just lying in my belly. Whoa – Whoa - Whoa. Spinning.
Nauseous, burpy/nauseous feeling stomach and up to throat/definite wave of nausea.
Headache and nausea coming back.
Not liking the spicy food.
Food doesn’t taste good; appetite is off.
Meat is very appealing but everything else is “meh”.
Hunger is back, munchy.
Nausea, like coming off of mushrooms. “wonder if the remedy is coke”
Drunken feeling. Seasickness, feeling of swaying as if in a boat.
Ravenous appetite out of the blue, I ate 2 pieces of pizza when I can only usually eat one, craving meat
Slightly upset stomach after breakfast (scrambled eggs)/slight nauseous feeling right after getting up, but it passed quickly.
Woke up in the middle of the night with heartburn and took a Tums
My appetite is kind of gone, and when I eat I get very bloated and gassy and burpy.
Male organs: Discussion of a
Female organs: Got pretty bad menstrual cramps, lasted about 3 hours but then went away completely
Chest: Heart palpitations/heart racing feeling.
Back: My cervical spine aches., It was aching during the proving and yesterday as well.
Extremities: Lack of coordination, spilling water on oneself.
Can’t decide of right or left handed.
Clumsy, don’t really know my body.
I spill water on myself
Feel like I should be walking on my toes.
Very clumsy, stubbed my toe while sitting down.
Fingertips very sensitive.
Hands and feet are very tired, my limbs feel weak too, sweeping was making my arms tired
My right hip is stiff and sore. I do not want to work out.
My feet have been achy. The outside of them, it is the area of you were to trace your finger down from the base of your little toe to just below your ankle bone.
Burning in both feet up into shins.
Tingling/numbness toes r. foot.
My feet are really hurting today, we were on the beach but not long enough and I didn’t walk long enough in the sand that it may have been why… they hurt when I walk and ache when I am still.
As I suspected I am very very sore today and I cannot really move my arms. I have to go to work today and that is going to suck. Oh well………
Still really sore. I feel like every tendon in my body is sore and tight and it is really hard to extend my arms.
I feel like I am going to be sore for the rest of my life, even though I know I will be fine at some point. I really do not want to go to work today.
I do not have work today so I slept until 2 and I am still sore.
Sleep: Slept really soundly and did not dream. Unusual for me.
I slept really well, very deep sleep, 8 hours, I didn’t want to wake up or get up, it took me a long time to feel like I was “awake”.
Was very tired when I was going to bed but I tossed and turned…
It is a little easier to wake up today.
Slept in again today. Slept like shit last night. I was very hot and couldn’t get comfortable. I remember dreaming about quicksand. The thought of suffocating was terrifying! I woke myself up because it was very uncomfortable.
Vergleich: Siehe: Pisces
Allerlei: Identification: Part of the sunfish family, the Pumpkinseed is a very deep-bodied, laterally compressed, almost disk-like fish. They’re one of the most colorful fresh water fish, breeding males especially so. The fish’s breast and belly are orange to red-orange, and its back and sides are brown to olive. Its sides and back are speckled with orange, yellow, blue, and emerald spots.
As with all centrarchids, they have sharp spines in the dorsal and anal fins.
Habitat: Pumpkinseeds can be found in shallow, cool to moderately warm water. They are most prevalent in small lakes and ponds or weedy bays of larger lakes. Preferring cover of some type, such as aquatic vegetation or submerged brush, they are seldom found in open water. Ideal water temperatures range from 75 to 89 degrees F. Pumpkinseeds are more tolerant of low oxygen levels than bluegills are, but less tolerant of warm water. Groups of young fish school close to shore, but adults tend to travel in groups of 2-4 in slightly deeper yet still covered waters. Pumpkinseeds are active throughout the day, but they rest at night near the bottom or in protected areas in rocks or near submerged logs. Some Pumpkinseeds have shown a strong instinct for a home range. When captured fish were marked and released in a different part of the lake, a significant percentage of them returned to their original location.
Life Cycle: These fish reproduce rapidly and are low on the food chain. They eat a variety of insects, including mosquito larvae, along with small mollusks and crustaceans. They also feed on smaller fish, including smaller pumpkinseeds. In the shallow areas of which they are typical, the fish exploit the entire water column from the bottom to surface. In turn, they provide food for birds and mammals (humans). When water temperatures reach 55-63 degrees F (late spring or early summer), male pumpkinseeds start to build nests to spawn. Spawning sites are generally in shallow water from 6 inches to several feet deep on sand or gravel bottoms. The males use their caudal fins to sweep out shallow, saucer-shaped depressions about twice the length of the fish in diameter (about 4 to 15 inches). The fish remove larger objects like rocks by pulling them out with their mouths. Nests are built in colonies of 3 to 15 nest sites. Sometimes Pumpkinseeds build nests in bluegill nest colonies, and the two species will interbreed. Males vigorously defend their nests with typical sunfish aggressive behavior—spreading their gills, charging, biting (watch your toes!), chasing, and, rarely, mouth-fighting.
Females arrive after the nests are completed, coming in from deeper waters. At first the females appear to be chased away from the nest by the males, but after a considerable amount of chasing, the females head toward the nest instead of away from it. Once the female is in the nest, the pair swims in circles side by side, with the bellies of both fish touching. The male then releases milt and the female releases eggs. Females may spawn in more than one nest, and more than one female may use the same nest. Sometimes more than one female will spawn with a male simultaneously. Females produce 1,500 to 1,700 eggs, depending on their size and age.
The small eggs stick to gravel, sand, or debris in the nest, and they hatch in as little as three days at 82.4 degrees F. Females leave the nest immediately after spawning, but males remain and are highly protective, guarding the eggs and fanning them. The newly hatched young are minute and transparent, for some time only the eyes are visible. The male guards them for about the first 11 days, returning them to the nest in his mouth if they try to stray. The males continue to guard the offspring, herding them into a ball-like cloud. After a week or two, the young gain sufficient energy and maintaining the order of the cloud becomes impossible at which point the offspring disperse and the male departs the nest. Fathers may even nip at people’s hands or feet that come close to their nests.
The young fish stay on or near the shallow breeding area and grow to about 2 inches in their first year. Sexual maturity is usually achieved by age 2. Pumpkinseeds have lived to be 12 years old in captivity, but in nature most do not exceed 6-8 years old.
Defense: The Pumpkinseed sunfish has adapted in many ways to the surroundings that it lives in. The pattern on its skin allows them to be camouflaged within the vegetation and resemble the sunlight patterns that reflect on the ponds, lakes and river beds. This clever fish has also developed a specific method of protection. Along the dorsal fin, there are ten to eleven spines, and three on the anal fin. All of these are very sharp which help against predators.
Another adaptation is the Pumpkinseed’s ability to anticipate approaching predators (or prey) by detecting changes or movements in the water using different mechanical receptors.
The bright colored gills also serve as a method of protection and dominance. When a pumpkinseed feels threatened by predators, the Pumpkinseed will flare their gills to make them seem larger in size, but also to emphasis the red coloration.
Place in the Ecosystem: Pumpkinseeds eat a diverse diet of small prey, such as insects, insect larvae, mollusks, snails and other crustaceans, and small fish. They are effective at destroying mosquito larvae. They feed at all water levels from the surface to the bottom, and they feed throughout the day, with heaviest feeding during the afternoon. All fish that eat other fish will eat pumpkinseeds, and large pumpkinseeds will eat smaller pumpkinseeds. Because they tend to spend so much time in shallow water, they’re also eaten by cormorants, mergansers, and herons. Pumpkinseeds are accustomed to being low on the food chain, so they reproduce rapidly. However, this means that without pressure from predators they reproduce so rapidly that there isn’t enough food and habitat for all of the fish to grow large. This can cause populations of stunted fish. Pumpkinseeds will hybridize with most other Lepomis, especially with bluegill and green sunfish. The result is unusually fast-growing, sterile male hybrids.
Human activities can also have an impact on pumpkinseed populations. Shoreline development can destroy pumpkinseed spawning grounds, and increased silt from shoreline erosion can cover spawning sites with sand, disrupting spawning activities. Heavy lake use can also stir up water and disrupt spawning activities.
Fishing: Because they tend to remain in the shallows and feed all day, pumpkinseeds are relatively easy to catch from shore. Pumpkinseeds bite voraciously on nearly any type of natural bait—including garden worms, insects, leeches, or bits of fish. They will also take small artificial lures and can be fished for with a fly rod with wet flies or dry flies. They will also hit at grubs early in the winter but are less active from mid- to late winter. They may be easy to catch and popular with the youngest anglers, but pumpkinseeds are often sought by adults as well. The fish do put up an aggressive fight on line, and they have an excellent flavor and are low in fat and high in protein.
Vorwort/Suchen Zeichen/Abkürzungen Impressum