Pflanzen Anhang Madaus 5
[Dr. G. Madaus 1931]
The latest conclusions, that in plants animal hormones are also to be found, e.g. in the drug Polygonatum offic. an extract of the pancreas, similar to insulin, or in the tuber of rhubarb plant, the ingredients of the human liver, i.e. Cholesterine, have led to a new method of consideration, with regard to the relations between animals and plants, which may be applied to the scientific explanation of the homoeopathic main principle.
These relations between animals and plants may be explained phylogenetically.
Considering the development of plants and animals on the earth, from the primordial cell, we find that plant and animal classes have developed equally in a periodical change.
Dependence on each other, as is known, is already conditioned by the plants inhaling carbonic acid breathed out by human beings and animals, and working it into starch, or sugar, respectively, and in exchange, exhaling oxygen, which is urgently required by human beings and animals for the purpose of life, i.e. that no plant is able to live without the presence of animals. But this dependence exists not only with regard to the respiration, but also with regard to the growth, the building up, and the vital forces.
The plants live from the excrements of the animals, or from their decayed bodies, and the animals live from the plants. Yet we know that the hormones of the animals in their decayed state are less at the disposal of the plants for the working up and the working on than in animal excrements, i.e. in the urine. We know that, for instance, women when pregnant develop already on the first day after conception, pregnancy hormones in the urine. These may be applied according to the Zondek method for the test of pregnancy. This method is carried out in such a way, that, for instance, 1/10 ccm. up to 1 ccm. of the urine of women is injected into young female mice. These show then, in the case of pregnant persons, a particularly speedy development of the ovaries. The result
of this is that the secreted hormone develops its hormonal effect also in another class of animals.
The recently deceased Berlin physician, Dr. Zickel, was able to prove that a hormone displays also a specific effect in the plant. He manured some particularly valueless plants with animal hormones, and proved a characteristic change of the sap of these plants. With the enormous quantities of human and animal excrements, as Ernst Fuhrmann describes his books “Agave” and
“Der Bienenmensch”, it is clear that the working up of the excrements is for the plant, not only a question of satisfying the demand for oxygen, but the hormones, and enzymae found in the excrements are necessary for life, for the building up, and for the growth, and have been become a deciding factor for the development of the plant. One can affirm that genetically animal period influences hormonally, and also with regard to the building up, the development of a plant period, and that the higher developed plant class contributes again to the further development of the animal class. So it has become a characteristic differentiation of the plants, which makes itself known, in that some plants seek the human dwelling places, while others avoid them, that means that plants which seek human beings, are dependent on their excrements, Acon. Con. Thlas. Urt. and others
It is interesting that the influence of the human and animal excrements results in the further working up a bipolarisation in the plant. This allows itself to be proved particularly easily with regard
to mushrooms. We see, for instance, on the cakes of the cow-dung in the meadows, two kind of mushrooms grow, on the one side a mushroom which condenses, or takes over the aromatically relishable parts, that is the champignon, and on the other side a mushroom, which builds up and condenses the poisonous parts of the excrements, that is Agar-ph. The tiniest pieces of this mushroom produce, when eaten by human beings, the appearance of intestinal poisoning, as appears when a motion remains too long in the body. From this and certain other similar comparisons, it follows that the poisonousness of a plant is at the same time a proof of the existence of that animal class, on the excrements of which this plant builds up, and the hormones, or the encyma
of which it condenses to poison. On the excrements of the reptiles we see the developing of poisonous plants which are only poisonous for reptiles. In the bird era, we observe the appearing of plants, for instance, umbelliferous plants, the seeds of which are poisonous specifically for birds. These seeds are, however, less poisonous for animal classes, which have developed before, or later than this era. Even five carraway seeds are sufficient to kill a sparrow. Thus, the cabbage lettuce builds up on the excrements of rabbits, and hares, because for these, the so-called "heart leaves"
of the cabbage lettuce are very poisonous, whereas, as is known, these leaves
are not poisonous for human beings. We know that goats are absolutely insensitive, for instances, to opium, or morphinum; cows and horses, however, are again, very sensitive to these.
The papaveracous plants, therefore, have only developed during the period of development of bovines, horses, and human beings. The poisons of the plants are, therefore, genetical condensations of the hormones, or intestinal excrements of certain classes of animals.
What signification has the physiological connection between animal and plant, for the healing value for each other, and for the healing power for human beings? It signifies, according to Fuhrmann, removal of constitutional anomalies in the instance of supplying of the lacking or the diminishing of the surplus. When a human being completes ontogenetically in the womb, the development from the embryo within 9 months up todays perfection, this is a shortened course of the development of mankind on the earth from the primordial cell up. Should a disturbance,
or even only a restraint enter, thus the fish-nature, or the reptile nature is only incompletely, or too completely developed in the foetus. The infant is then born with a so-called tendency which we designate from the physical standpoint as constitution, from the psychical standpoint as a characteristic tendency. The constitutional, or characteristic anomalies are signs of lacking, or reversed, preponderance of periods in the ontogenesis. They may in all probability be influenced by the application of plants with hormonal condensations of the various animal classes.
Whether, indeed, it is possible to analyse the plant in this instance, is a question, the answer to which remains to be found in the future. The best method that we have at our disposal at the present time is the pathogenesis of the plants, that means the proof of the efficacy of the plants on healthy persons as practised in homoeopathy.
For the explanation of the particular symptoms occurring with this, is yet a further account required.
The modification of the healing power as found in the plants is conditioned by various circumstances, viz. the growth in the sun causes the plant to produce a sap, e.g. with Cina, Colch., Dulc. etc., which administered to healthy people produces sometimes a feeling of "improvement of the complaints by warmth“. In case of heliopathic plants, e.g. Daphne mezereum, or Agaricus, we are able to state from tests with the sap of these plants that "the complaints are improved by coldness“. In case of climbing, or twining plants which have no support of their own, e.g. Bry. one finds sometimes with tests on healthy people the symptom "< movement," for the plant dies, if it is deprived forcibly of its support, on the other hand one finds with this plant the symptom "> resting“. Reserved, one finds with plants which creep by underground rhizomes, or overground shoots, e.g. Rhus-t., the symptom" > movement“.
When the plant grows on soil containing salt, it thus develops particularly strong healing powers, e.g. it develops with Artemisia maritima, on soil containing soda the efficacious Santonin. When Artemisia is cultivated on soil containing no salt, it develops no Santonin. The plants which endure bruising, or a break, or a contusion by a good gallic formation, for instance, the Plantago major. Symph. Heli. or Arn., have a very good regeneration hormone which may be used with success also with internal therapy in cases of broken bones, and contusions, but also externally for badly healing wounds, and abscesses on the skin. Plants growing in swamps strongly containing humic acid, have a particular power to work up the uric acid, e.g. Led. Kalm.
Everywhere the healing power of the plants may be explained by the growth, and the nature of the ground, the building up on animal excrements, etc.
The root has, generally speaking, strong resemblance to the stomach, and intestinal canal. It may be designated as an inverted intestine of the plant, it develops ferments which assist in digesting the earth as we find it similarly in the human intestine. I will bring to notice the tubers of the roots of legumes filled with bacteria radicicola, or the symbiose of the mushrooms on the tips of the roots which are designated as Mykorrhiza. If one wishes to test, for instance, the ferments of a root, one makes a root creep over a polished marble plate. One sees then along the path, that the marble plate is lightly corroded. In short, we have to contend with absolutely similar relations between the roots of plants and the animal intestine. The root stock develops various hormones of the intestinal gland, as the liver gland, and the pancreas. It also shows peristalsis.
This continues in the overground plant in form of a pulsation, as we know this from the human pulse. We find with plants also nerves, a heart centre, and much which is comparable with animal organs. He who is interested in this, should read the beautiful book, Pflanzenschrift, "Plant Autographs and their revelations“. of the Indian, Bose.
The bark serves for the protection against the attacks of animals, and insects. The greater the attacks, the more capable of resistance is the bark, and the better is its medical usefulness. Thus we apply china-bark for malaria infection which attacks through the skin. 1/3 of the diameter of the China-tree consists of bark, We apply the Ratanhia bark for chapped skin.
A large overground development of the plant, and a neglect of the underground parts shows strong relations to the skin and the lungs, e.g. Mallow. The contents of the bundle of the vessels shows a relation to the blood circulation, e.g. Camphor.
When the plant grows on stones, or calcareous earth, the leaves, for instance, of the saxifraga variety, secrete large quantities of carbonate of lime, e.g. thirty leaves of Saxifraga Aizoon secrete more than ½ gr. of carbonate of lime. For the working up of the lime, and for the assimilation of the lime in the human body the saps of this plant-class are especially qualified.
The flowers of the plants have relations to the head and the genital organs, i.e. the hypsophills, and the perigone leaves to the brain, and to the skull. I call to mind the development of the poppy head, and its effect on the brain, and the sepals, floral leaves, and stamina on the genital organs.
The hypsophill is with some plants of a very characteristic form. It wraps up the flower of Arum triphyllum with a neck like lacing, by which the insects are retained. The power of resistance of the hypsophill against the attacks of the resisting insects is an explanation of the efficacy of this plant against the affection of the neck-organs (larynx).
The flower has sometimes a very energetic effect on the genital organs. One may think of the application of the flower of Crocus sativus which formerly has been misused for abortion.
A shrub with unfertile flowers is as the case with snowball (Vib-o.) has an inhibiting effect on the functions of the womb. With the powder made of the root of this shrub all labour-pains can be brought to a standstill, i.e. to prevent a threatening abortion. Interesting is the efficacy of fungi growing exuberantly in flowers, and which also display a strong efficacy on the genital organs, viz. Ust. Sec.
The phyto-analytical method of considering allows to appear always in a new light the pathogenesis of the plants, i.e., the picture of the symptoms as applied in homoeopathy.
The approved homoeopathic main symptoms, especially the mental symptoms, may be explained by the growth, the building up, and he mode of life of the plants. When Puls. allows the large flower heads to droop, thus the mental symptom "the hanging of the head" is no fantasy of a subdued signature theory, but conditioned by the hormonal powers of the plant, which may be genetically established at a later time.
For this a greater co-operation between the botanist and the physician is essential. The physician must again become a botanist, and must regain from studying the symbiose of men and plants, the surety for the right application of the remedies.
I would like to mention, finally, still another claim, which for the practitioner arises from the application of the hormones of the plants. The hormones particular to the plants, not their poisons, are, as well as the vitamins, bound up with the albumen of the plant, they are immaterial, i.e. not to be isolated, but a condition of the albumen. This albumen of the plants is contained unchanged in the fresh sap, or pap of the plants, but it is precipitated by the addition of alcohol. The homoeopathic prime tincture which represents a mixture between the sap of the plant and alcohol and from which all turbidities, and precipitations have been filtrated out, is not the ideal final aim of the form of administration. If the full effect of a plant is desired, thus one is obliged, as Hahnemann already recommended in the second edition of his book, Chronic Illnesses, volume three, pages 176 and 230, to proceed from the triturations of the fresh leaves. The tests of Con. and Dig. were undertaken by Hahnemann already with such fully effective triturations. Unfortunately the triturations from fresh plants could not proceed. This was owing to Gruner, who declared in his first homoeopathic pharmacopoeia that one could renounce the prescription of these triturations, as the production would be too complicated.
In Germany the triturations are already obtained in mass production.
What concerns the producing of these triturations, Hahnemann has already drawn attention to them on page 268, footnote 2, of his book Organon (sixth edition, page 242) (what has been newly found, 100 hundred years later, by allopathy, see Trendelenburg, Prescription for Remedies, second edition), that these powders are only then "for ever unperishable" i.e. durable, if they have been relieved of their superfluous moisture. These preparations are, therefore, according to the prescriptions of Hahnemann, to be made as free from water as is, on the whole, technically possible.
This condition has to be observed, when producing triturations from fresh plants. Triturations from fresh plants are to be favoured in the prescription, when it is essential to have the efficacy of the hormones particular to this plant.
Summary as follows:.
The phyto-analysis, i.e. the study of the building up, the growth, the mode of the plant, the test of the animal excrements condensed in the plants, the test of the hormones of the plants, gives the scientific base of the pathogenesis, i.e. the symptom-theory of homoeopathy.