Cholera = getötete Bakterien
Cholera ist eine Bakterieninfektion. Der Erreger Vibrio cholerae befällt die Darmschleimhaut und verursacht Erbrechen und lebensgefährliche Durchfälle.
Übertragen durch Nahrung/Wasser. Inkubationszeit: einige Uhren bis Tagen
Vor allem dreckiges Wasser und schlechte Hygiene führen zu einer Ausbreitung des Erregers. Vor allem wegen des Flüssigkeitsverlustes endet eine Cholera-Infektion
nicht selten tödlich. Besonders tückisch:
Bei etwa 75% der Infizierten treten keine Symptome auf – die Menschen erscheinen gesund, verbreiten das Bakterium aber dennoch über ihre Ausscheidungen und
können so andere anstecken.Bei schneller Diagnose und Behandlung: sauberem Wasser, lebenswichtigen Salzen (Elektrolyten) und einem Antibiotikum- ist Cholera
gut behandelbar. Nur dann sinkt die Todesrate nach Informationen der WHO auf unter 1%.
Wie verbreitet ist sie?
Nach Schätzungen der WHO erkranken jährlich weltweit drei bis fünf Millionen Menschen an Cholera – bis zu 120.000 sterben daran.
Erstmals trat die Cholera im Ganges-Delta auf. Von dort verbreitete sie sich im 19. Jahrhundert über den gesamten Globus. Während in Deutschland und anderen Ländern Europas nur noch eingeschleppte Einzelfälle auftreten, kommt es in armen Ländern auch heute immer wieder zu Epidemien.
Derzeit breitet sich die Cholera in Haiti aus, wo nach dem Erdbeben im Januar 2010 noch immer katastrophale Hygiene-Zustände herrschen.
1. Matt/schwach/Kopfschmerz, appetitlos/plötzliche Stuhl „Wie Reiswasser“/erbrechen, trocknet rasch aus, niedriges Fieber,
2. Übersäuerung/bewusstlos/Krämpfe (Glieder/Anfang in Waden)/ Herzrhythmusstörung/DURST, 3. Bewusstlos;
First invasion of the disease, in restoring the pulse and rousing the vital reaction generally. The 1x or strong tincture, should be given. Our own experience with Aconite
during an epidemic, when we prescribed it in several cases of Diarrhoea with great pain in the bowels, coldness of the body and cadaverous appearance, fully confirms
the foregoing statement.
As an illustration of the value of Aconite in Cholera, we mention the following facts from our own practice. Some years ago we prescribed, for a patient at a little distance, Acon. in a low dilution for severe pain in the abdomen. The medicine produced such striking results in his own case, that, having a large portion to spare, he gave doses of it
to his friends when they suffered in a similar manner. Finding the remedy so useful in relieving acute pain, he asked us to give him a supply of it to keep in readiness.
At this time Cholera broke out in the village, and, although he did not know the name of the remedy, he gave it to as many as he found suffering from Cholera, taking the pain in the abdomen as the indication for its use. Death from Cholera occurred in the village, but in every instance patients who had Acon. quickly recovered.
Ars.: Cramps, Suppressed urine, and sudden extreme prostration, the last symptom being more marked than the profuseness of the discharges. A dose every thirty to sixty minutes.
Verat.: Excessive Vomiting and Diarrhoea, with Cramps.
Cupr-met.: Cramps, with vomiting and a cyanotic condition.
Most suitable in COLLAPSE and in the TYPHOID CONDITION into which Cholera patients often pass, have already been indicated. For detailed symptoms, see the Materia Medica and the section on Enteric fever.
Absolute rest in the recumbent posture, from the very commencement of the Diarrhoea. A hopeful and cheerful state of mind should be fostered; a presentiment of death
The sick-room should be warm but well-ventilated; the heat of the body maintained by friction, hot bottles, etc. Ice and iced water may be given freely; no food, much
less stimulants; enemata of warm milk often repeated, though rejected, are beneficial. The return to ordinary diet should be slow. Evacuations, bedding and clothing should
When Cholera is epidemic, Rubini’s Camphor should be taken 1 or 2x daily, in doses of two or three drops on sugar. The simple diarrhoea which often precedes Malignant Cholera should be promptly met. Dr. J.H. Clarke says that if the person is much exposed to the disease one drop of Cupr-acet. 3x should be given night and morning in a
little water. Camph., Ars. or Acon. may be prescribed according to indications.
SANITARY AND HYGIENIC MEASURES.-The following excellent advice has been given, and should be adopted on the earliest indications of Cholera-
The house should be well aired, especially the sleeping apartments, which should be kept dry and clean.
All effluvia arising from decayed animal or vegetable substances ought to be got rid of; consequently, cesspools and dustholes should be cleaned out, and water-closets
and drains made perfect.
All exposure to cold and wet should be avoided, and on no account should any one sit in damp clothes, particularly in damp shoes and stockings. Care should be taken
to avoid chills or checking perspiration. Clothing must be sufficient to keep the body in a comfortable and even temperature.
Habits of personal cleanliness and regular exercise in the open air should be cultivated; also regularity in the periods of repose and refreshment; anxiety of mind and late
hours should be avoided.
The diet should be wholesome, and adapted to each individual habit. Every one should, however, be more than ordinarily careful to abstain from any article of food
(whether animal or vegetable) which may have disordered his digestion upon former occasions, no matter how nutritious and digestible to the generality, to avoid all
manner of excess in eating and drinking.
Not allowed: Raw vegetables, sour and unripe fruits, cucumber, salads, pickles, etc. should be avoided.
Wholesome varieties of ripe fruits, in their natural or cooked state and vegetables plainly cooked, may be taken in moderation, by those with whom they agree.
Akut: Sulph. stündlich + ein passendes Mittel jede 15 Min.
Ars.: ruhelos + Angst/deckt sich zu/Durst auf kleine Menge auf Warmes/Stuhl spärlich/braungelb, grün.
Giften von Cholera = Agar-ph-ähnlich.
Cholerabeschwerden = Ars-vergiftung-ähnlich.
Camph.: kraftlos/blau/eiskalt/trocken/steif/Brennen steigt vom Magen hoch/Zunge kalt/Kollaps/will sich nicht zudecken
Cupr-met.: würgt vergeblich/Krämpfe überall/Haut trocken + bläulich.
Jatr.: zähes/eiweißartiges Erbrechen/Krämpfe /Kälteempfinden.
Verat.: bläuliches Gesicht/Schweiß + Haut kalt/inneres brennen, Kranke deckt sich ab 1. Stuhl Eiswasser o. spinatartig + Erbfrechen 2. In Ohnmacht hört Stuhl auf.
Sulph.: stündlich bis Schweiß eintritt, was Krankheit ändert
Trio: Cholera: Camphor, Cuprum met, Veratrum alb.
Discusses the cholera epidemic of 1831 in Europe, prior to modern medical knowledge and Hahnemann’s insight into the disease and development of an effective
approach to treating it.
These days will be entered in the history books as the “Corona Crisis” – less from the medical but rather from the economical point of view. With all the constraints
and sacrifices the broad society is suffering, the focus now is on improving medical care by providing a sufficient number of intensive care beds and medical ventilators.
It will be interesting to know how the scenery was at the time when modern scientific medicine had not evolved.
Epidemics, pandemics and infectious diseases in general always existed in human history. Bacteria and viruses were unknown, and also, hygiene, which today
is a matter of lifestyle. Predominantly in urban areas, particularly during the ‘bad’ times – like during wartime, infectious diseases were permanent companions of human
life. At the times when plagues were raging, all the hopeless people were desperately exposed to them. Physicians tried to help their patients with all different kinds
of therapeutic method, but mortality rates were unbearably high.
The same was the case in 1831, when a murderous epidemic came over Europe from Russia (about 2.00.000 victims) with tremendous speed and mortality.
The Baltic countries, Poland (1100 deaths in Warsaw alone) and Galicia were already affected. In Prussia (Germany) and Austria (Östenreich) frontiers were closed
and quarantaine facilities were constructed. Nonetheless, the Asian Cholera could not be halted.
With their ignorance, physicians were helpless. Venesection had been a very common mode of treatment, leeches and cupping glasses were in use, but also medicines like calomel (a poisonous mercury preparation). During those days, this medicine had been the main emetic and laxative and it was found in virtually every doctor’s bag.
We know that in most of the therapeutic attempts, patients got further debilitated, making matters worse. A ‘Pharmacopoea anticholerica’ (a pharmacopoeia with medicines against Cholera) listed 238 descriptions of medicines, all being ineffective according to the present knowledge.
During this time of agony and despair it was the Torgau citizen, chemist, pharmacologist and physician Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, founder of homeopathy, who published
his therapeutic approach in four papers. He presumed that the so called cholera miasma consisted “of a living creature of murderous nature hiding from our senses”.
According to the investigation by philosopher Fechner, out of 54 researchers he had listed, only Samuel Hahnemann suggested the presence of microbes. He was the only
one getting close to the cause of the disease.
Hahnemann remained faithful to the principle he adopted by treating cholera in a fixed manner as a ‘fixed disease’. This is to say that he treated patients with common symptoms with the same remedy. With his ‘therapia magna sterilisans’ he recommended as the very first physician camphor spirits as a medical drug -but also as a protective and disinfecting agent- an application against the threat of being infected with cholera. In advanced stages of the disease he suggested homeopathic remedies depending on the symptoms. With this he was ploughing a lonely furrow. The treatment recommended by Hahnemann proved to be exceptionally precious and successful.
Even medical authorities had to recommend his procedure unwillingly.
But Hahnemann even thought beyond this, in order to rule out further contagion and dissemination: he asked all people in quarantaine and those who mingled with patients
to “expose their clothes etc. to the heat of a baking oven of 80° C (176° F) for two hours”. (He meant that this will be the heat by which all known contagious matter and therefore also living miasms will be destroyed). At the same time their bodies will get cleaned by swift washing and covered with clothes of pure linen or fustian (thick
cotton wool) from the facility.”
This had been utterly revolutionary in medicine at that time.
Considering the fact that Hahnemann had no microscope at his disposal like modern scientists, nor any personal contact with cholera patients (he was in Koethen then),
so that he had to rely only on descriptions of the disease and of symptoms from friends and students, who he asked for information, it is virtually amazing that he could
point with such firmness and certainty to the cholera miasm as a “living being of low order, which is hidden from our natural senses”.
And how could he have this insight with all certainty of a contagious property of the disease, spread by personal interaction? Based on this concept he developed his remedies which were strikingly effective according to the circumstances at the time.
In this way the cholera epidemic of 1831 led to a soaring approval of homeopathy. It developed in Torgau during the years of 1805-1810 and is now practiced worldwide, essentially without modification.
Verat.: Advanced stage of cholera. Cold, blue, collapsed with dark rings around eyes. Cold clammy limbs with beads of perspiration particularly on the forehead.
Constant tossing and great anguish. Great nausea and vomiting of large quantities of watery, blackish, yellowish bilious substance. Stools watery and inodorous, rice-water.
Huge quantity of frequent evacuations which drain the patient thoroughly. Violent cramps in calves, thighs and masseter muscles. Terrible colic near umbilicus.
Acon.: A specific for cholera by Bahr in tincture form – a teaspoon of 15-20 drops of tincture dissolved in water. Revives, the circulation of the blood returns to the
normal condition, the pulse rises, the internal heat ceases, the thirst is allayed, and the vomiting and diarrhoea arrested.”
Camph.: Very similar to Verat. Hahnemann recommends its use in the first stage as a prophylactic. The patient has pale face, the ashy color, the sunken eyes, the cold clammy
skin and wild unconscious look. The prostration is overwhelming and the collapse is sudden. Of great use in a very virulent type of cholera – cholera sicca or the dry cholera,
because of the suddenness of the attack and the great and rapid sinking of strength of the patient.
Ars.: Very similar to Veratrum, only it adds a further amount of restlessness to the patient, and greater burning and discomfort. We rarely find a rice-water stool in this remedy.
The stool is generally dark and offensive.
Carb-v.: Administered in the asphyxiated stage where both vomiting and diarrhoea have stopped and yet the patient is sinking. The abdomen is puffed up with flatulence and
the patient presents a more complete picture of collapse. Life-force seems to be ebbing away. His breathing is fast and labored, his pulse is nearly absent and his voice gone.
Cholera hemorrhagic, where the red corpuscles pass out with the serum and stool is red. May be sufficient if the failing of the strength is less rapid.”
Cupr-a.: Highly useful for stage of cholera where patient is troubled with dyspnoea.
Hydr-ac.: very similar to Carb-v., but it differs from it by the violence and rapidity of the onset. “It is indicated if the attack at once assumes the highest degree of intensity
so that but a few hours intervene between the commencement of the attack and the moment when death seems to be lurking on the threshold.
Hydr-ac.: attack at once assumes the highest degree of intensity, only a few hours intervene between the commencement of the attack and the moment when death seems to
be lurking on the threshold;
Carb-v.: failing of the strength is less rapid.
Ant-t.: the nearest a specific for cholera morbus of any remedy.
Cupr-met.: severe cramps in the stomach and bowels ext. chest. Vomiting and purging, but lacking the cold sweat of Veratrum.
Ph-ac.: almost specific in the diarrhoea preceding cholera (evacuations frequent, loose and slimy or of a whitish gray color or consisting undigested substances).
Elat.: watery, olive green stools coming out with a gush.
Asiatic Cholera: Cupr-met.:
Vergleich: Enthält: Se; Chitin. [wird u.a. abgebaut durch Choleraerreger (= Vibrio cholerae)].
Cholera: Camph + Cupr-met. [Malachite (= Cupr-c.)]. + Verat.
Agar-ph.: The poison is a toxalbumin, resembling the poison in rattle snake and poison excreted by the cholera and diphtheria germs. It acts on the red blood corpuscles,
dissolving them so that blood escapes into the alimentary canal and the whole system is drained. The amount of this toxic principle is small, even handling of specimens
and breathing of spores affects some people unpleasantly;
Antidotiert von: Ant-t. Crot-h. Lim. Malachite (= Cupr-c.). Myg. (writhing).
Colch: Sero mucus vomiting with rice water stools thrown off with great violence. Cramps of abdominal muscles, flexors of arms and feet, and shrunken features
Vorbeugend: Ars. Cupr-a. Verat.
[Dr. Solaiappan Jabalpur India]
Anthrax Anthracinum Deman
Chickenpox Chickenpox Nosode
Ant-c. Puls. Rhus-t. McKenzie
Cold recurrent Bacillinum Denman
Diphteria Apis. Diph. Lac-c. Mackenzie/Hahnemann/Farrington
The Indian government tested the use of Belladonna to prevent Japanese Encephalitis and noted mortality was greatly reduced
Food poisoning Ars.
Haemophilus influenza type B Nosode
Hepatitis Hepatitis Nosode
Hydrophobia Bell. Canth. Hyos. Stram. Lyssin. Ars. Clarke. Ruddock. Boericke. Allen. Tyler
Influenzinum Influenzinum Nosode (hispanicum)
H1N1 = Spanish flue Hydr-ac. (?cyanatum Gruppe?)
Malaria China. Malaria officinalis. Morbillinum Boericke. Allen. Hering
Meningitis Bell. Meningococcinum
Mumps Trif-r. Parotidinum Arn. Led. Thuj. Arn. Tetano-toxine Allen Schmidt
Pneumonia Pneumococcinum prevents pneumonia.
Poliomyelitis Cocc-i. Cur. Gels. Lath-s. Carb-ac. Lath-s. Plb-met. Physos. Hahnemann Clarke Boericke Schmidt Ruddoc
Scarlatina Bell. Hahnemann
Sepsis puerperal Arn Foubister
Tetanus Led. Thuj. Arn. Tetano-toxine Mag-p. Hyper. Schmidt Grimmer Boericke
Tuberculose Tub-b. Boericke
Typhoid Bapt. Typhoidinum Burnett Kent
Typhus Bell. Rhus-t. Bry. Hahnemann [Dr. W.H. Dickinson]
Yellow Fever Crot-h.
Whooping cough All-s. Puls. Coqueluchin = Pertussinum Dros. Vaccin.. Carb-v. Cupr-met. Dros. Coc-c.
Grimmer Lehman Clarke Boericke Grimmer Farrington
Phytologie: Rademacher: tobacco water for cholera-like conditions can be regarded as homeopathic: symptoms: collapse with paleness,
cold sweat, shaky weakness, interruption of heart beat and vehement diarrhea.