Amphisbaenia vermicularis (Amph) = Echse ohne Beinen/= Doppelschleiche/= Snakelizard
Vergiftung: No local injury/heart arrestred in diastole/spinal system does not respond to electrical currents;
Negativ: Langeweile/depressiv/muss sich sanftmütig benehmen/verzagt/ungeduldig, Kiefer („Als ob Füßen im Kopf“), schwach (morgens, < nasses Wetter/morgens/Bewegung, stechen,
innerliches Jucken, Bläschen/Pickel/Hernien im Bauch/Wirbelsäulen-/Nervenverletzungen;
Abrupt LOSS of power;
Ennui; depressed; Tender sadness which disposes one to be gentle and meek; sadness and lassitude in the morning; impatient; „As if feet in the head“; Headache with lancinating < r.;
Vesicles and pimples; Twitching of the upper eyelids; Eyes painful and weary; Difficult swallowing (saliva); Tearing in abdomen/lancinating as from a stiletto in the navel;
Vertigo: „As if one would fall to one side“
Head: Weight in the forehead; „As if grain of sand in r. eye“; Protrusion of umbilical hernia; Cramp in l. leg and painful large pimples on l. side of upper lip;
“Seduction, Knowledge and Forsakenness”/R. jaw swollen and painful, lancinating (headache). Eruption of vesicles and pimples. AfFINity for the jaw bones < air/dampness;
Gemüt: Ungeduld/Traurig (morgens)/Milde/Langeweile
Schwindel: Neigung zu Fallen, zu stürzen zur Seite/drehend
Kopf: Schweregefühl in Stirn/Seiten/Schweiß der Kopfhaut/Schmerz (lanzinierend r.)
Pulsieren im Stirn („Wie durch Hagelkörner“)
Auge: Zucken: Oberlid (l.)/Tränenfluss/Schmerz einige
Ohr: „Als ob Luft in Ohr hineinströmt“
Gesicht: Schwellung in Unterkiefer/Schmerz
Kribbeln/Hitze/Hautausschläge (Pickel) Oberlippe
Zähne: Verlängerungsgefühl/“Wie Stumpf“/Schmerz
Bauch: Vorwölbung des Nabels/Schmerz: Nabel (reißend/lanzinierend)/Nabelbruch/Leistenhernie (schmerzhaft)
Innerer Hals: Geschwollene Tonsillen/Schlucken unmöglich (Speichel)/schwierig
Brust: Hautausschläge: miliar/ juckend/Akne
Schlaf: Gestört/Erwacht um Mitternacht
Glieder: Schwellung in Arme: schmerzhaft/Krämpfe in Unterschenkel
Rücken: Schmerz (gehend/Bücken)/Hautausschläge: juckend/Akne (Zervikalregion)
Allgemeines: < nasses Wetter/Schwäche (morgens)
Jucken: innerlich (> abends)
Komplementär: Lyss (= An),
Vergleich: Hekla. Helo.
Anguis fragilis (= Blindschleiche/= Slow worm/= Echse ohne Beinen).
Vergleich: Schlangen - Reptilia - Lizards - Krokodile;
Sil ↔ Amph ↔ Lach
Wirkung: r. seitig
Amphisbaena = a mythical serpent with a head at each end.
Are perhaps the least known of the reptiles, even more obscure than the tuatara. They are also known as "worm lizards", and constitute a suborder of their own within the Order Squamata
(= lizards and snakes), but in appearance and structure not closely related to the lizards. Amphisbaenians are normally two feet long at most and resemble giant earthworms, with the obvious
difference that as vertebrates they have a bone structure. In this aspect they resemble the caecilians, their counterparts in the Class Amphibia.
They are legless lizards,
Difference of amphisbaenians with Lizards: a reduced right lung/much greater degree of bone in the skull as opposed to cartilage, which is more prevalent in lizard skulls, and scales which
are arranged in rings around the body (hence the earthworm appearance). As with many burrowing animals, the eyes have become reduced to vestigial status.
There are 130 species of amphisbaenians, divided among four families: the Bipedidae, Trogonophidae, Rhineura and Amphisbaenidae. The three Bipedidae species have a pair of reasonably
well-developed front legs near the head, but otherwise amphisbaenians have no external limbs visible. The name amphisbaenian, roughly translated, means "going both ways", a reference to the
fact that some of these creatures can in fact move backwards and also to the difficulty in visually ascertaining at first glance which way round the creature is pointing.
Amphisbaenians are rarely seen in the pet trade, even among exotics: in fact I have never seen one offered for sale, either in a shop or at a fair. Come to think of it, I don't even recall seeing one
at London Zoo or any other such institute. Part of this is probably due to their low display value: after all, a creature that spends all its time hidden in a substrate (literally burrowing, as opposed
to the mere digging in of some lizards) is hardly likely to make a good
talking point. Amphisbaenians are also not exactly common in nature: confined
to tropical and sub-tropical parts of
and Africa, plus the south of
pity in some ways. The very lack of information we have on these strange reptiles will hopefully be a spur to some individuals to make further studies.
According to Mattison, care of captive amphisbaenians is actually fairly easy. The main requirement is a substrate several inches deep of sand, sandy soil or leaf-litter, depending on the
creature's area of origin. A heat pad is placed under one end of the tank to allow limited thermoregulation. In some cases a flat rock with a moist area underneath is also provided. Food will be
in the form of normal invertebrates (crickets/meal-/wax-/earthworms) dropped into the tank. These can be allowed to run about as the amphisbaenian will consume them from underneath the
surface. For this reason, Mattison also warns that no other reptiles of any sort should be kept in a tank with an amphisbaenian, as the larger amphisbaenians are certainly carnivorous and will
consume dead rodents or canned pet food. Rundquist recommends pinkie or furry mice offered every other week and once or twice a month supplemented with a liquid multivitamin at a dosage
of 0.1 cc vitamins per 440 g body weight of captive. Lean beef or horsemeat is also apparently acceptable. He also warns against feeding frozen fish to amphisbaenians, a tendency he has noticed.
Appearance: Amphisbaenians are limbless squamates whoses pectoral and pelvic girdles have been significantly reduced or are absent. Usually they have a distinctly annulated pattern of scutellation
and rather short tails. Amphisbaenids are adapted to a burrowing life style and accordingly, their skulls are heavily ossified and their brain is entirely surrounded by the frontal bones.
In contrast to other limbless lizards or snakes, which have a reduced left lung, the right lung of amphisbaenians is reduced in size.
The total body length ranges from 10 cm to about 70 cm.
Distribution: Mostly Africa and South America with a few species in
Burrowing; The blunt-cone or bullet-headed genera (Amphisbaena, Blanus, Cadea Zygaspis) burrow by simple head-ramming. The spade-snouted taxa (Leposternon, Monopeltis) tip the head
downward, thrust forward, and then lift the head. The laterally compressed keeled-headed taxa (Anops/Ancylocranium) ram their heads forward, then alternately swing it to the left and right
Reproduction: usually oviparous, but some are live-bearing (some Loveridgea and Monopeltis).