Comparison of Gymnura natalensis and others


A central theme of a reference to the past is characteristic of the sea remedies. There is a marked mental stasis with the characteristic confusion, dullness and thinking difficulty.

Common themes: Alteration of mental state – „spaced out‟. Separation and a detached feeling. Individuality and a desire to be detached/disconnected Mental and

physical weakness. Affinity for the female genital and hormonal system


- Ambra grisea:


            Anxiety/extreme weakness, lassitude and prostration of mind and body. spaced out feeling


Ambra: dwells on past disagreeable occurrences/anxiety and worry about almost everything/want to be left alone during this time/irritability is somewhat mild/

initiated by conversation. sadness and despair expressed as a loathing of life/dullness of the mind and slow comprehension.

Gymnura natalensis: „going back to the past (past events and relationships, as depicted in the nature of the dreams)/anxiety for no reason or unable to pinpoint the cause of the anxiety/irritability pronounced/stems from dissatisfaction and intolerance/despair has the same intensity/displayed more as negativity/spaced out feeling, difficult concentration and inability to focus.


- Galeocerdo cuvier hepar


            lassitude characterised by low energy, inability to do physical activity and the need for rest.



Galeocerdo cuvier hepar: confusion of mind, heightened senses, back pains, sleeplessness and an affinity for the female reproductive system. Anxiety to matters

of health. Dullness of mind, confusion and cloudiness and lack of mental clarity/need to be detached, of disconnecting and removing oneself from others.

            Gymnura natalensis: inability to focus and relatively poor concentration


- Lac delphinum.


            Spaced out feeling


Lac delphinium: vertigo with a floating sensation in the head, specifically grey discharges/„spaciness “As if to looking through a pane of glass with cracks”/

”As if is a fog”

        indicating the lack of clarity of the mind/an associated disorientated or dissociated feeling/ need to be introverted, alone in their own world – detached/

        feeling of being separated from the group, of wanting to be with people but feeling shunned.

Gymnura natalensis: spaced out feeling reflected as a feeling similar to that of intoxication with drugs/unable to focus and relatively poor concentration/detached, disconnected and isolated feeling/feeling of separation a conscious choice of wanting to be detached from others with a desire to be alone.


- Medusa

The specific symptoms seem to be based on the toxicological effects of the jelly-fish sting with a very clinically based remedy picture.

Characteristics: numbness, burning and pricking heat of the skin; vesicular eruptions similar to a nettle rash and disorders of lactation.


- Murex purpurea

Main action on the female genital system and on the general state causing weakness and exhaustion.


great sadness and anxiety. the female reproductive system area of weakness. (premenstrual symptoms: such as breast tenderness improved or absent for the duration

of the proving). Exhaustion, tiredness and weakness


            Murex purpurea: depression outstanding during menopause. PMS and painful mammary swelling.


- Sepia officinalis

Is the most extensively researched and widely used remedy in the family of sea remedies. Indications: venous congestion (female pelvic organs).


depression/irritability and constipation.


            Sepia officinalis: Marked mental stasis with characteristic confusion, dullness and thinking difficulty common to this family of remedies. The desire to be alone due

to the fact that they are indifferent to others and have an aversion to company. Irritability and anger over trifles. The remedy is particularly indicated for ailments

related to female hormonal imbalance (menopause), as is the trend of other remedies in this group. While the other remedies in the group exhibited lassitude, weakness

and an inability to carry out physical activity, > physical exertion (running/walking fast)/keeping busy.

            Gymnura natalensis: irritability is due to dissatisfaction and intolerance.



Vorwort/Suchen                                Zeichen/Abkürzungen                                    Impressum





Vorwort/Suchen                                Zeichen/Abkürzungen                                    Impressum