Salvia spp.

x!y

Vergleich: Siehe: Lamiales

 

Salvia divinorum (Salv-divinorum) = Wahrsagesalbei/= Pipilzintzüntl/= Magic mint

 

= Psyl- o. LSD-ähnlich;

Räucherung: Nächste Tag geschwollene Füße/schmerzhaft;

Gebrauch: Sehen verändert (2-dimensional)/“Als ob rollen o. wälzen im Körper“/“Als ob Objekt empfunden wird/zurück im Vergangenheit gehen“/“Als ob Verlust Identität/Körper“/lacHEN, Psychose/Rückblenden (Zeitpunkt lange vor Geburt), Schlaf UNruhig, Zuckungen vor/im Schlaf, Nächsten Tag MÜDE im ganzen Körper;

erfährt eine komplett andere Realität (handelt danach).

Wahrnehmungs-/Persönlichkeitsveränderungen, "Kontakt zu anderen Wesen", Zeitreisen, totale Körperverformung, veränderte Geometrie-Wahrnehmung, Trennung des Bewusstseins vom Körper, Erfahrung paralleler Realitäten, Denkstop, evtl. "Optiken", "ziehende Kräfte" am Körper, Lachanfälle und vor allem ein "Heraustreten" aus der bekannten Realität. Alle diese Wirkungen werden als klar und vor allem real erfahren.

Negativ: Selbstverliebt/mangelnde Reife/kann Hilfe nicht annehmen;

1. Manchmal SchweißAUSbrüche/Angst/Panik/Desorientierung/Unruhe (ohne Aufmerksamkeit/Unfällen).

2. Gedächtnisverlust

3. Rauchen schädlich für die Lunge.

 

Survey of 500 salvia users which identified that they 'sometimes or often' experience certain effects:

Insight increased: 47%

Insight decreased: 1.8%

Mood improved: 44.8%

Mood worsened: 4.0%

Connection with Universe or Nature increased: 39.8%   

Connection with Universe or Nature decreased: 5.4%

Sweating increased: 28.2%

Sweating decreased: 1.6%

Body felt warm or hot: 25.2%

Body felt cold: 6.4%

Self-confidence increased: 21.6%

Self-confidence decreased: 2.4%

Concentration improved: 19.4%

Concentrating difficult: 12.0%


Other commonly reported effects include:

Feelings of calmness: 42.2%

·         Wierd thoughts: 36.4%

·         Things seem unreal: 32.4%

·         Floating feelings: 32%

·         Mind racing: 23.2%

·         Feeling lightheaded: 22.2%

 

Experiences typically of intense and profoundly altered dream-like states starting with exaggeration of distances and colours. There is a loss of ego followed by mixing or fusion of perceiver and the percieved. One person reports feeling "at one with everything, for a brief moment which seems to last eternally".

The experience of matter dissolving into energy is common and can go as far as total decomposition of form into energy. The surroundings, the Self and the body dissolve and merge into the universe - which feels benevolent, nurturing, cohesive and sublime.

There are reports of the opposite polarity of fusion: feeling separated from others and of having confusing hallucinations of objects being much further apart than normal - even to the point of becoming totally unidentifiable.

The most commonly reported after-effects incl. an increased feeling of insight and improved mood, and a sense of calmness and increased sense of connection with nature.

Themes: Dissolution and Nurturing; dissolution of form and connection with a proctetive universe. Connection and disconnection can lead to fright or trust. This may be affected by how strongly we grasp onto our sense of Self and to our connection to this life. Losing this connection can be terrifiing.

Therapeutics: Breathlessness.

 

Salvia divinorum (= Diviner's Sage, Ska María Pastora, Seer's Sage, and by its genus name Salvia is a psychoactive plant which can induce dissociative effects, is a potent producer of "visions" and other hallucinatory experiences. Its native habitat is within cloud forest in the isolated Sierra Mazateca of Oaxaca, Mexico, where it grows in shady and moist locations. The plant grows to over a meter high,

has hollow square stems, large leaves, and occasional white flowers with violet calyxes. Botanists have not determined whether Salvia divinorum is a cultigen or a hybrid; native plants reproduce vegetatively, rarely producing viable seed.

Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of Salvia divinorum, using it to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions. Most of the plant's

local common names allude to the Mazatec belief that the plant is an incarnation of the Virgin Mary, with its ritual use also invoking that relationship. Its chief active psychoactive constituent is a structurally unique diterpenoid called salvinorin A, a potent ?-opioid and D2 receptor agonist. Salvia divinorum is generally understood to be of low toxicity (high LD50) and low addictive potential

since it is a ?-opioid agonist.

Salvia divinorum is legal in most countries and, in the U.S., is legal in the majority of states. However, some have called for its prohibition. While not currently regulated by US federal drug laws,

several states have passed laws criminalizing the substance. Some proposed state bills have failed to progress and have not been made into law (with motions having been voted down or otherwise dying

in committee stages). There have not been many publicized prosecutions of individuals violating anti-salvia laws in the few countries and states in which it has been made illegal.

Recent history

Salvia divinorum has become both increasingly well-known and available in modern culture. The Internet has allowed for the growth of many businesses selling live salvia plants, dried leaves, extracts,

and other preparations.

Medical experts, as well as accident and emergency rooms, have not been reporting cases that suggest particular salvia-related health concerns, and police have not been reporting it as a significant issue with regard to public order offences; in any case, Salvia divinorum has attracted negative attention from the media and some lawmakers.

Media stories generally raise alarms over Salvia divinorum's legal status and sometimes headlined with generally ill-supported comparisons to LSD or other psychoactive substances. Parental concerns

are raised by focusing on salvia's usage by younger teens - the emergence of YouTube videos purporting to depict its use being an area of particular concern in this respect. The isolated and controversial suicide of Brett child star received much media attention.

Salvia divinorum was the subject of the first use of YouTube within drug-behavioral research when scientists at San Diego State University rated randomly selected videos of salvia users to study observed impairment. Their findings corroborate reports that the most profound effects of smoking salvia appear almost immediately and last about eight minutes. Effects incl. temporary speech and coordination loss.

Botany

Salvia divinorum has large green ovate (oftentimes also dentate) leaves, with a yellow undertone that reach 10 to 30 cm (4 to 12 in) long. The leaves have no hairs on either surface, and little or no petiole. The plant grows to well over 1 meter (3 ft) in height, on hollow square stems which tend to break or trail on the ground, with the plant rooting quite readily at the nodes and internodes.

The flowers, which bloom only rarely, grow in whorls on a 30-centimetre (12 in) inflorescence, with about six flowers to each whorl. The 3-centimetre (1.2 in) flowers are white, curved and covered with hairs, and held in a small violet calyx that is covered in hairs and glands. When it does bloom in its native habitat, it does so from September to May.

Early authors erred in describing the flowers as having blue corollas, based on Epling and Játiva's description. The first plant material they received was dried, so they based the flower color on an erroneous description by Hofmann and Wasson, who didn't realize that their "blue flowers, crowned with a white dome" were in fact violet calyces with unopened white corollas.

 

Reproduction

 

Salvia divinorum produces few viable seeds even when it does flower—no seeds have ever been observed on plants in the wild. For an unknown reason, pollen fertility is also comparatively reduced.

There is no active pollen tube inhibition within the style, but some event or process after the pollen tube reaches the ovary is aberrant. The likeliest explanations are inbreeding depression or hybridity.

All of the Mazatec populations appear to be clonal. The plant's square stems break easily and tend to trail on the ground, rooting easily at the nodes and internodes.

Strains

Three Salvia divinorum plants

There are two commonly cultivated strains which are known to be distinct. One is the strain that was collected in 1962 by ecologist and psychologist Sterling Bunnell (the Bunnell strain), colloquially

mis-attributed as the Wasson-Hofmann strain. The other was collected from Huautla de Jiménez in 1991 by anthropologist Bret Blosser (the Blosser or Palatable strain). There are other strains that are

not as well documented, such as the Luna strain (possibly Bunnell) isolated from a Hawaiian patch of Salvia divinorum clones, featuring unusually serrated and rounded rather than ovate leaves.

Propagation by cuttings

Salvia divinorum is usually propagated through vegetative reproduction. Small cuttings, between two and eight inches long, cut off of the mother plant just below a node, will usually root in plain tap

water within two or three weeks.

Flowering

Blooms occur when the day length becomes shorter than 12 hours (beginning in mid-October in some places), necessitating a shade cloth in urban environments with exposure to light pollution (HPS).

Chemistry

Salvinorin A

The known active constituent of Salvia divinorum is a trans-neoclerodane diterpenoid known as salvinorin A (chemical formula C23H28O8). This compound is present in the dried plant at about 0.18%.

Salvinorin A is not an alkaloid, (meaning it does not contain a basic nitrogen), unlike most known opioid receptor ligands. Salvinorin A is the first documented diterpene hallucinogen.

Similar to many psychoactive herbs, Salvia divinorum synthesizes and excretes its active constituent (salvinorin A) via trichomes, of the peltate-glandular morphology, located just beneath the cuticle (subcuticular) layer.

Potency

By mass, salvinorin A "is the most potent naturally occurring hallucinogen. "It is active at doses as low as 200?µg. Synthetic chemicals, such as LSD (active at 20–30 µg doses), can be more potent. Research has shown that salvinorin A is a potent and selective ?-Opioid (kappa-Opioid) receptor agonist. It has been reported that the effects of salvinorin A in mice are blocked by ?-Opioid receptor antagonists. However, it is an even more potent D2 receptor partial agonist, and it is likely this action plays a significant role in its effects as well. Salvinorin A has no actions at the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor, the principal molecular target responsible for the actions of 'classic' hallucinogens, such as mescaline and LSD, nor is it known to have affinity for any other sites to date.

Salvinorin's potency should not be confused with toxicity. Rodents chronically exposed to dosages many times greater than those to which humans are exposed show no signs of organ damage.

Other terpenoids have been isolated from Salvia divinorum, including other salvinorins and related compounds named divinatorins and salvinicins. None of these compounds has shown significant

(sub-micromolar) affinity at the ?-Opioid receptor, and there is no evidence that they contribute to the plant's psychoactivity.

Other pharmaceutical action

Salvinorin A is capable of inhibiting excess intestinal motility (e.g. diarrhea), through a combination of ?-opioid and cannabinoid (mainly CB1 receptor) receptors in inflamed but not normal gut in vivo.

The mechanism of action for Salvinorin A on leaf tissue has been described as 'prejunctional', as it was able to modify electrically induced contractions, but not those of exogenous acetylcholine.

Results from a small study by an assistant professor at the University of Iowa indicate that it may have potential as an analgesic and as a therapeutic tool for treating drug addictions.

A pharmacologically important aspect of the contraction-reducing (antispasmodic) properties of ingested Salvinorin A on gut tissue is that it is only pharmacologically active on inflamed and not normal tissue, thus reducing possible side-effects.

Ingestion

There are a few ways to consume Salvia divinorum. In traditional Mazatec ritual, shamans use only fresh Salvia divinorum leaves. Modern methods have been developed to more effectively absorb the active principle, salvinorin A. If enough salvinorin A is absorbed, an altered state of consciousness can occur. The duration of experience varies with the method of ingestion and the amount absorbed.

Traditional methods

Mazatec shamans crush the leaves to extract leaf juices from about 20 to 80 (about 50g/2 oz to 200g/7 oz.) or more fresh leaves. They usually mix these juices with water to create an infusion or 'tea'

which they drink to induce visions in ritual healing ceremonies.

Chewing and swallowing a large number of fresh leaves is the other Mazatec method. Oral consumption of the leaf makes the effects come on more slowly, over a period of 10 to 20 minutes. The experience, from the onset of effects, lasts from about 30 minutes up to one and a half hours.

Doses for chewing vastly exceed doses used for smoking. By calculating the concentrations per leaf ("an average concentration of 2.45 mg per gram" of leaf, the average weight per leaf ("about 50 g" per 20 leaves, or 2.5g/leaf, and the standard dose for chewing (about 8-28 leaves[67]), the doses can range from about 50 mg to 172 mg.

Modern methods

1/2 g. of 25x S. divinorum extract.

Salvia divinorum is becoming more widely known and used in modern culture. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an annual US based survey sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), for 2006 estimated that about 1.8 million persons aged 12 or older had used Salvia divinorum in their lifetime, of which approximately 750,000 had done so

in that year. The following year, 2007, saw the annual figure rise from 750,000 to 1 million US users.

Modern methods of ingestion include smoking or chewing the leaf, or using a tincture, as described in the following sections.

Smoking

Dry leaves can be smoked in a pipe, but most users prefer the use of a water pipe to cool the smoke. The temperature required to release salvinorin from the plant material is quite high (about 240°C). A cooler flame will work, but the direct application of a more intense flame, such as that of a torch lighter, is often preferred.

Some find that untreated dry leaf produces unnoticeable or only light effects. Concentrated preparations or extracts which may be smoked in place of untreated leaves, have become widely available. This enhanced (or "fortified") leaf is described by a number followed by an x (e.g. 5x, 10x), the multiplicative factors being generally indicative of the relative amounts of leaf concentrate, though there is no accepted standard for these claims. Other sources may use a system of color codes to form their own standards of potency; for example, "green", "yellow", and "red."

These grades of potency may be roughly indicative of the relative concentration of the active principle, (salvinorin A), but the measure should not be taken as absolute. Overall extract potency will depend on the (naturally varying) strength of the untreated leaf used in preparing the extract, as well as the efficiency of the extraction process itself. Extracts reduce the overall amount of inhalations needed to ingest a given amount of active principle, thus facilitating more powerful experiences.

If salvia is smoked, then the main effects are experienced quickly. The most intense 'peak' is reached within a minute or so and lasts for 1–5 minutes, followed by a gradual tapering off. At 5–10 minutes, less intense yet still noticeable effects typically persist, giving way to a returning sense of the everyday and familiar until back to baseline after about 15 to 20 minutes.

Quid chewing

The traditional method of chewing the leaves has continued in modern use. However, salvinorin A is generally considered to be inactive when orally ingested, as salvinorin A is effectively deactivated

by the gastrointestinal system. Therefore, in what's understood to be a modern innovation, the 'quid' of leaves is held in the mouth as long as possible in order to facilitate absorption of the active constituents through the oral mucosa. 'Quid' refers to the fact that at the end of this method the user spits out the leaves rather than swallowing them because ingesting the leaves has no known effect. Chewing consumes more of the plant than smoking, and produces a longer-lasting experience.

Using a tincture

Less commonly, some may ingest salvia in the form of a tincture. This is administered sublingually, usually with the aid of a glass dropper. It may be taken diluted with water just before use, which may slightly reduce the intensity of its effects, but can also serve to lessen or avoid a stinging sensation in the mouth caused by the presence of alcohol. Tinctures vary in potency, and the effects can range from inducing a mild meditative state to bringing about a more intense visionary one.

When taken as a tincture the effects and duration are similar to other methods of oral ingestion, though they may be significantly more intense, depending on extract potency.

Immediate effects

Psychedelic experiences are necessarily somewhat subjective and variations in reported effects are to be expected. Aside from individual reported experiences there has been a limited amount of published work summarizing the effects. D.M. Turner's book Salvinorin “The Psychedelic Essence of Salvia Divinorum” quotes Daniel Siebert's summarization, mentioning that the effects may include:

Uncontrollable laughter

Past memories, such as revisiting places from childhood memory

Sensations of motion, or being pulled or twisted by forces

Visions of membranes, films and various two-dimensional surfaces

Merging with or becoming objects

Overlapping realities, such as the perception of being in several locations at once

There also may be synesthetic experiences. Glossolalia (speaking in tongues) has been reported by Reason.

A survey of salvia users found that 38% described the effects as unique in comparison to other methods of altering consciousness. 23% said the effects were like yoga, meditation or trance.

One firsthand journalistic account has been published in the UK science magazine New Scientist (note: the dose for this experience was not reported):

The salvia took me on a consciousness-expanding journey unlike any other I have ever experienced. My body felt disconnected from 'me' and objects and people appeared cartoonish, surreal and marvelous. Then, as suddenly as it had began, it was over. The visions vanished and I was back in my bedroom. I spoke to my 'sitter'—the friend who was watching over me, as recommended on the packaging - but my mouth was awkward and clumsy. When I attempted to stand my coordination was off. Within a couple of minutes, however, I was fine and clear-headed, though dripping with sweat. The whole experience had lasted less than 5 minutes. - Gaia 2006-09-29 (UK Media)

There have been few books published on the subject. One notable example is Dale Pendell's work "Pharmako/Poeia Plants Powers, Poisons, and Herbcraft", which won the 1996 Firecracker Alternative Book Award[80] and has a chapter dedicated to Salvia divinorum. It includes some experience accounts:

It's very intense, I call it a reality stutter, or a reality strobing. I think that having been a test pilot, and flying in that unforgiving environment with only two feet between our wingtips, helped to prepare me for this kind of exploration.

- Pendell 1995

Other users have written extensive prose and/or poetry about their experiences;some describe their visions pictorially, and there exist examples of visionary art which are 'salvia-inspired'. Others claim musical inspiration from the plant: including "Salvia divinorum" by 1200 Micrograms, "Salvia" by Deepwater Sunshine, and "Flight 77" by Paul Dereas.

Cautionary notes

Dale Pendell expresses some concerns about the use of highly concentrated forms of salvia. In its natural form salvia is more balanced and benevolent, and quite strong enough, he argues. High strength extracts on the other hand can show "a more precipitous, and more terrifying, face" and many who try it this way may never wish to repeat the experience.

The Salvia Divinorum User's Guide recommends having a trip sitter present to those who are new to salvia, are experimenting with a stronger form, or are using a more effective method of ingestion.

The guide says that while the effects of salvia are generally quite different from those of alcohol, like alcohol, it impairs coordination. It also emphasizes that salvia is not a 'party drug.'

Salvia is not 'fun' in the way that alcohol or cannabis can be. If you try to party with salvia you probably will not have a good experience. Salvia is a consciousness-changing herb that can be used in a vision quest, or in a healing ritual. In the right setting, salvia makes it possible to see visions. It is an herb with a long tradition of sacred use. It is useful for deep meditation. It is best taken in a quiet, nearly dark room; either alone, or with one or two good friends present.

Salvia divinorum User's Guide

Vaporization

Daniel Siebert cautions that inhaling hot air can be irritating and potentially damaging to the lungs. Vapor produced by a heat gun needs to be cooled by running it through a water pipe or cooling chamber before inhalation.

The vaporizers that have been reported effective for use with dried S. divinorum leaves are those that use a paint stripper “heat gun” as the heat source. These get very hot, and people have reported that they work quite well sometimes too well—for smoking dried S. divinorum leaves; we have heard of several people using this type of vaporizer who had experiences that were too intense, including one report of someone passing out. Measuring an accurate dose with these devices can be quite tricky, and they are not recommended.

—Salvia Divinorum and Salvinorin A, Second Edition, p41

An experienced salvia user who is chewing a quid, may often choose to do it alone, and may be quite safe in doing so. But having a pleasant, sensible, sober sitter is an absolute must if you are trying vaporization, smoking high doses of extract-enhanced leaves, or using pure salvinorin.

—Salvia divinorum User's Guide

After-effects

 

Short term

After the peak effects, normal awareness-of-self and the immediate surroundings return but lingering effects may be felt. These short-term lingering effects have a completely different character than the peak experience. About half of users report a pleasing 'afterglow', or pleasant state of mind following the main effects. Researchers from the University of California and California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute conducted a survey of 500 salvia users which identified that they 'sometimes or often' experience certain effects, including:

Increased insight: 47% Decreased insight: 1.8%

Improved mood: 44.8% Worsened mood: 4.0%

Increased connection with Universe or Nature: 39.8% Decreased connection with Universe or Nature: 5.4%

Increased sweating: 28.2% Decreased sweating: 1.6%

Body felt warm or hot: 25.2% Body felt cold: 6.4%

Increased self-confidence: 21.6% Decreased self-confidence: 2.4%

Improved concentration: 19.4% Difficulty concentrating: 12.0%

Other commonly reported effects include:

Feelings of calmness: 42.2%

Weird thoughts: 36.4%

Things seeming unreal: 32.4%

Floating feelings: 32%

Mind racing: 23.2%

Feeling lightheaded: 22.2%

 

Long term

Different studies suggest no overall consensus so far with regard to the long-term effects of Salvia divinorum on mood. It is well-established that some k-opioid agonists can cause dysphoria in humans, and research using rats in forced-swim tests has been used to suggest that Salvia divinorum may have "depressive-like" effects. However, a report has been published detailing an individual case of Salvia divinorum use as self-medicated treatment for depression, and Baggott's survey of 500 people with firsthand experience of salvia found that 25.8% of respondents reported improved mood and "antidepressant-like effects" lasting 24 hours or longer. Only 4.4% reported persisting (24 hours or more) negative effects (most often anxiety) on at least one occasion.

There has been one report of salvia precipitating psychosis. However, the authors suspected that their patient was already genetically predisposed to schizophrenia.

It has been suggested that the long-term effects of salvia use may include feelings of déjà vu.

The Baggott survey found little evidence of addictive potential (chemical dependence) in its survey population. 0.6% percent of respondents reported feeling addicted to or dependent on salvia at some point, and 1.2% reported strong cravings. About this the researchers said "there were too few of these individuals to interpret their reports with any confidence".

Most users report no hangover or negative after-effects (e.g. withdrawal, comedown or rebound effect) the next day. This is consistent with the apparent low toxicity of salvia indicated by research conducted at the University of Nebraska

Therapeutic potential

Aside from individual reports of self-medicated use in the treatment of depression, research suggests that Salvia divinorum, in line with the studied effects of other ?-opioid agonists,[92] may have further therapeutic potential.

Thomas Prisinzano, assistant professor of medicinal and natural products chemistry at the University of Iowa, has suggested that salvia may help treat cocaine addiction:

You can give a rat free access to cocaine, give them free access to Salvinorin A, and they stop taking cocaine.

—Masis 2007-02-28 (US Media)

Professor Bryan L. Roth, director of the National Institute on Mental Health's Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, has said:

We think that drugs derived from the active ingredient could be useful for a range of diseases: Alzheimer's, depression, schizophrenia, chronic pain and even AIDS or HIV.

—Viren 2007-08-23 (US Media)

Clinical pharmacologist John Mendelsohn has also said:

There may be some derivatives that could be made that would actually be active against cancer and HIV [...] At the present time, there are a lot of therapeutic targets that have many people excited.

An ABC news story which reported on this went on to suggest "the excitement could vanish overnight if the federal government criminalized the sale or possession of salvia, as the Drug Enforcement Agency is considering doing right now."[91] A proposed Schedule I classification would mean (among other things) that there's no "currently accepted medical use" as far as the United States government is concerned.[93] Scientists worry that such legislation would restrict further work Mendelsohn said scheduling salvia could scare away a great deal of research and development into salvia's therapeutic promise.

 

 

Repertorium:

Gemüt: Gutmütig

Irre-sein

Kichern/lustig

Körper: Bewegung choreatisch

Herzklopfen

Knie schwach

Stereotypisch Handeln (Hin- und Herschwingen)

>: Bewegung (Tanzen);

<: Vision: Anblick des Schöpfers;

 

Vergleich: Hyos. Siehe: Drogen allgemein + Räucherwaren + Ethenogen

 

Allerlei: Ursprung: Mexiko/braucht Schatten + RegEN + LuftfeuchtigKEIT    

Long tradition as an entheogen (sacrament). Indigenous Mazatec shamans use it to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions.

Quelle: Gartenzubehör

 

 

Phytologie: Rheuma/Anämie/Kopfschmerz/Urin-/Stuhlgangbeschwerden

Stiel 4-eckig

 

 

Salvia officinalis (Salv) = Gartensalbeiblätter/= Sange/= Ship sage/= salie

 

= true Labiatae + Tan-ac-ähnlich

Positiv: Kalm/klar/emotionelles Gleichgewicht;

Negativ: A. starkes Schwitzen bei schlechter Kreislaufzirkulation; B. kitzelhusten;

 

Heftige Emotionen/ÜBERtriebene Wünschen,  heißer Schweiß bei Fieber, Though difficulty finding their own depth/focused on self/mistreated by their family/late for things

Lack of appetite (asthmatic)/no desire then tannic acid (in sage leaves/oak leaves)/gives firmness to bloated tissue (glandular activity particular placed under the rule of ego)/excessive lactation/abnormal perspiration/anti-inflammatory/tissue-forming/wound-healing properties (compresses/washes/gargles)/stimulates digestion/metabolism/blood formation

Heimat: Mittelmeergebiet

Inhaltsstoffe: Ätherisches Öl, Gerbstoffe, Bitterstoffe, Flavonoide

Beschreibung: Elegant könnte man ihn nennen mit seinen schmal zulaufenden Blättern, die von einem grünlich-grauen Flor überzogen sind. Dieser samtige Überzug ist erstes Zeichen, dass man wohl einen Salbei vor sich sieht. Reibt man dann noch diese Blätter,

ist der sich verbreitende Salbeiduft der eindeutige Beweis. Salbei wird zu den Halbsträuchern gezählt, da die 20 bis 60 cm hoch wachsende Pflanze im unteren Bereich verholzt, im oberen die Stängel dagegen noch weich und filzig behaart bleiben. Von Juni bis Juli zieren hell- bis blauviolette Blüten den samtigen Strauch, die sich in lockeren Ähren versammeln und einem die beiden Lippen entgegenstrecken, Zeichen der Lippenblütler. Es lohnt sich, diese kleinen Blütenwunderwerke einmal näher zu betrachten, deren Lippen kleine Münder zu formen scheinen, aus denen die Staubgefäße wie Zungen ragen.

Verwendung: Salbei-Tee heilt Entzündungen am Zahnfleisch, im Mund und Rachen, beruhigt die Schleimhäute, mindert die Schweißabsonderung und hat einen günstigen Einflussauf Magen und Darm. Das ätherische Öl desinfiziert und wirkt krampflösend,

eine Eigenschaft, die durch die enthaltenen Gerbstoffe unterstützt wird. Die Homöopathie setzt Salbei vorwiegend als schweißhemmendes Mittel ein.

Wissenswertes: Ruf, ewiges Leben zu schenken, verdankt er der Jungfrau Maria. Einer Legende zufolge soll sie sich auf ihrer Flucht nach Ägypten mit dem Jesuskind unter dem Salbeistrauch vor Herodes versteckt haben. Zahlreiche Sprüche, wie "Wer Salbey baut, den Tod kaum schaut!" (Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander) zeugen von seinen heilenden Eigenschaften.

Der Salbei gehört zu den kräftigen Augustkräutern, die in den Kirchen am Mariahimmelfahrtstag der sterbenden Muttergottes geweiht wurden. Bei diesen wichtigen Heilpflanzen handelte es sich um Kräuter, die vor Zauberei, Feuersbrunst und Hagelschlag schützen sollten und solchen, die zu Kinderreichtum verhalfen und die Geburt erleichterten. Man legte sie mit in die Saattruhe oder in den Sarg von Verstorbenen. Viele waren Rauchkräuter, mit denen zu heiligen Zeiten geräuchert wurde. Neben Schafgarbe, Beifuß, Arnika, Ringelblume und Salbei kamen so bekannte Gewürzpflanzen wie der Liebstöckel (Maggikraut) und der Dill in das Medizinbündel.

In Dr. Hauschka Kosmetik wird die wärmende sowie regulierende Komponente in einer Vielzahl von Präparaten genutzt. So in Dr.Hauschka Bronzing Powder, Salbei Bad, Salbei Minze Deomilch, Rosen Deomilch, Fußdeobalsam, Rouge Powder, Seidenpuder, Zitronen Lemongrass Körpermilch, Quitten Körpermilch und Intensivkur klärend ab 25.

In Dr.Hauschka Med Akut Lippenpflege Labimint und Mundspülung Salbei unterstützt Salbei die entzündungsvorbeugende Kraft.

In WALA Arzneimitteln steht die entzündungshemmende Eigenschaft des Salbeis im Vordergrund, so in WALA Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray* (bei akut- und chronisch-entzündlichen Veränderungen der Schleimhäute im Hals-Nasen-Rachen-Raum und der Mandeln) und WALA Archangelica comp.* (bei entzündlichen Veränderungen der Luftwege).

WALA Salbei Dragees zum Lutschen pflegen sanft Mund- und Rachenschleimhäute.

Archangelica comp., Globuli velati

Entzündliche Veränderungen der Luftwege, z.B. Kehlkopfentzündung (Laryngitis), Luftröhrenentzündung (Tracheitis), Reizhusten. Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray

Harmonisierung der Empfindungsorganisation im Mund-Rachen-Bereich bei akut- und chronisch-entzündlichen Veränderungen der Schleimhäute und Mandeln sowie bei lymphatischer Diathese. Aufgrund des Bestandteils Salbei sollte Echinacea Mund- und Rachenspray in der Stillzeit nur nach Rücksprache mit dem Arzt angewendet werden.    

R.S. drew particular attention to the importance of the tannin from sage in the treatment of asthma. According to him, the "inner appetite" of the organism is lacking in the case of asthma.

Sage is known for its relaxing effect and is used in nervous debility, and in states of excitability and dizziness.

Lou Klein: intense romantic expectations in the whole family (a tubercular theme), and an affinity for the chest in this remedy.

Therapeutic:

    Chest - phthisis pulmonalis.

    Cough - suffocative or tickling. Pharynx - inflammation.

    Rectum - cancer.

    Circulation - weak.

    Grey hair;

Repertorium:

Kopf: Haar wird vorzeitig grau

Inneren Hals: Entzündete Rachen

Husten: Erstickend

Kitzelhusten, durch Kitzeln

Trocken

Brust: Milch vermehrt

Tb. im engeren Sinne (+ Schweiß nachts)

Rektum: Krebs

Schweiß: Reichlich schwächend

< im Schlaf

Haut: Schlaff

Allgemeines: Blutkreislaufbeschwerden - schwach + reichlichem Schweiß

 

Vergleich: Liebt Ca; Enthält Calc-ox + Kali-n + Sal-ac + Camph-/Östrogen-ähnliche Substanz + Rosm-säure + Thujon +  oil thujone + borneol + cineol + camphor + pinene; Hysso. (= Salv-ähnlich),      

Melis (= Bienensaug/= Englische Brennessel/= Herzbrot/= honigblum/= Spanischer Salbei/= Wanzennkraut/= Zitronennmelisse/= Citronelle/= Lemonbalm/= Mutterkraut). Teucr-s (= Salbeigamander/=  Saugé des Bois/= Woodgarmander/= valse salie).

Siehe: Thujanebengruppe

Rosm  ó Satureja ó Salv

 

Unverträglich: Krampfbereitschaft/Hormonen/stillen/Diabetes

 

Antidotiert: Chin.

 

Wirkung: SCHNELL                        hemmt Milch/Tuberkulin                   

Allerlei: Ursprung: Europa/Gebirge          stinkt

Saturn/Jupiter geweiht, Zauber, ist gewachsen aus Blut Erschlagenen                 

ätherisches Öl

 

Phytologie: Sammeln: Blüten/Blätter (vor Blüte/im Schatten trocknen/öfters wenden + Unterlagen wechseln)

Hals/Nase/Ohren/weibliche Organen

Atemwegen/Asthma/Verdauung/Kreislauf/Nerven/Entzündung/Nieren

Hemmt ALLE Ausscheidungen (abstillen)

Chronische Beschwerden

 

 

Salvia sclerea = Muskatellersalbei/= Scharlachkraut/= Clary Sage

 

Negativ: Panik/Verfolgungswahn/geistig erschöpft/schwach/PMS/depressiv nach Geburt;

 

Unverträglich: Zu viel Östrogen (Zyste usw.)

 

Wirkung: Betäubend (+ Droge)

Phytologie: steigert Libido/Wohlbefinden

 

 

Vorwort/Suchen                                Zeichen/Abkürzungen                                   Impressum