Felidae = Katzenartigen
[Ghanshyam Kalathia, Carole Sanders]
Felidae; powerful and independent
Classification of Felidae
Sub-family Pantherinae (Big cats)
Tiger - Panthera tigris/ Sanguis tigris (Panth-t-s)
Lion - Panthera leo/Lac leoninum (Lac-l)
Jaguar - Panthera onca (Panth-o)
Leopard - Panthera pardus (Panth-p)
Snow Leopard - Panthera unica (Panth-u)
Sub-family Acinonychinae (Cheetahs)
Cheetah - Acinonyx jubatus (Acin-j)
Sub-family Felinae (Small cats)
Puma - Puma concolor/Lac puma (Puma)
Lynx - Canadian Lynx - Lynx canadensis (Lynx-c) - Bobcat - Lynx rufus (Lynx-r)
Ocelot - Leopardus pardalis (leopa-p)
Cat - Lac felinum/Felis sylvestris domestica (Lac-f)
Felidae are predatory mammals; they consist of big cats, cheetahs and small cats. Most Felidae are solitary, except lions and cheetahs. They are known for their agility along with their exceptional
abilities for stalking and sprinting. They have keen eyesight and they mainly rely on vision for hunting. Wild cats have a powerful, masculine type of body, which is highly able to grasp and tear.
Cats attack the neck of a prey with their sharp canines. These qualities place Felidae at the top of the food chain.
1. Power, strength, capability, authority, success
Felidae usually hunt alone and physically powerful enough to do so, in contrast to Canidae, which are small and therefore hunt in packs. In patients, we see issues related to 'power'.
There is a need to be powerful, strong, to control others, etc.
The feeling of power is accompanied by a feeling of strength and capability. As patients, they can be formidable, intimidating people. They can be overpowering, overbearing, dominating with a loud
voice; they can take over the consultation. There is a desire as well as an aversion to dominate others, and an aversion to being told what to do. They have a good opinion of themselves and speak and
act with authority.
Each quality has positive as well as negative sides: on the positive side, they can resist any kind of stress, tensions and unusual situations, so they are successful. They can take sides (take responsibility
or give protection) for the weakest and be acceptable to everyone, so they rule from their heart, not by hook and crook. The shadow side of this is arrogance, pride and a sense of superiority; they
perceive that others are smaller and they treat them like slaves. They feel that they are born to rule.
We can perceive this quality of power during a consultation. The big cat person enters with an elegant gait. They have an arrogant posture and they speak directly, with command in their speech.
Their speech is full of confidence and self-assurance. They are not afraid to express anything, they do not mince their words.
Child: behavioral problems, rudeness and fighting with adults; they get enraged with adults and refuse their advice. They can bully and dominate other children. Provoked easily and ready to fight
and abuse people without foreseeing the consequences.
Examples of rubrics
Advises others when not required - Panth-t-s
Anger, from contradiction/From criticism - Panth-t-s
Contemptuous/Haughty/Arrogant/Assertive - Lac-f, Lac-l, Panth-t-s
Delusions: He is strong/He is a great person/He is king - Lac-l
Dictatorial, talking with air of command - Lac-l
Dreams: mistakes, correcting others - Panth-t-s
Dreams; of being bigger and superior/of hurt pride/of being arrogant - Lac-l
Intolerance of domination - Lac-l
Obstinate, headstrong: intolerant of anyone else’s opinion - Lac-f
Power, love of - Lac-l
Stealth and camouflage common themes of Panthera unica, Tiger and Leopard.
..Jumping from a height is breaking their limbs; like tigers/puma concolor/= cougar/= mountain lion
2. Strong sense of independence but forsaken
Cats do not have a 'pack' behavior like dogs, who are dependent on the pack for their food and safety. Cats are self-sufficient; they hunt on their own and do not share their food with others.
This is reflected in humans as a 'strong sense of independence', 'self reliance' and 'selfish behavior'.
This sense of independence is sometimes expressed as a love of freedom; the person might have a history of early responsibility or have left home early as a teenager. This love of freedom might be expressed as an interest of tracking alone in the forests or travelling the world alone. The other side of the coin is a feeling of being abandoned and forsaken. The experience of being deserted or
betrayed by one’s family and friends, pushed out of the group, is particularly strong in wild cats. Even though most of the cats are solitary in terms of hunting, they take good care of their young ones.
The issue of needing the family for warmth, love and protection comes up very strongly in cases.
Examples of rubrics:
Anger at interference - Lac-l
Freedom, desire for - Lac-f
Home, desire to leave - Lac-f
Independence, desire for -Lac-f
Island, desire to live on - Lac-f
Dreams: friends: alone, being left/forsaken by her father/driven out, being/is alone on earth - Lac-l
Dreams: forsaken/Father: goes away for a long time/Abandoned by family/Abandoned by friends/Betrayed by friends - Panth-t-s
Forsaken feeling - Lac-l, Panth-t-s
Sentimental: orphans seeing - Panth-t-s
3. High sense of responsibility, care and protection
There are similarities between the wild cat state and remedies from the Gold series. The feeling of responsibility in wild cats, however, is particularly related to caring for and protecting others rather
than managing and organizing as in Gold series remedies. Leading and ruling is present but, when we inquire deeper, we find that it is related to care and protection, especially for those who are
weaker and more dependent.
Examples of rubrics
Dreams: of guiding seniors in their work/Helping/Of caring for a young child - Panth-t-s
Dreams: of responsibility/of caretaking - Lac-l
Responsibility: strong, too: group together, wants to keep - Lac-l
Cats are very territorial and fight fiercely if others try to intrude their territory. This is reflected in humans as a dislike of intrusion into one's space. We often see issues related to: my domain, my area,
my region, my sphere, etc.
The same theme is also expressed in different ways, for example somebody “stealing, taking, grabbing my things or my possessions”. Big cats steal food from smaller cats; when cheetahs hunt with their exceptional speed, bigger cats like the tiger or leopard will move in and take away their food. Hyenas also take way the food from tigers, lions or any other big cat.
Felidae are clean animals: this is seen in patients as fastidiousness and liking for cleanliness (very marked in Lac felinum). Fastidiousness is not only limited to cleanliness, we can also see this in their accuracy, keenness, and perfection of work and speech.
Expression words: Power, Overpower, Capability, Strength, Superior, Emperor, Independence, Extreme anger, Rage, Roar, Loud sound, Commanding, Intolerance of deceit and cruelty and Injustice, Ferocious, Domain, Territorial, Responsibility, Leader, Expressive, Out spoken, Grace/ Graceful, Elegance, Fastidious, Zero-fault perfection, Cleanliness
Most of the cats are heavy bodied and therefore stealth is one of their chief means of attack, except the cheetah, which dwells in open places and is empowered with a slender body that is adapted for running fast. Cats stealthily creep up on the victim, then there is a final rush or sprint to launch the attack. In patients, we see expressions like: "suddenly attacked from nowhere", "a surprise attack", "suddenly from out of the blue".
In wild cats, the idea of ambush is to catch the weaker one, and then follows a match of strength. ‘Hiding” can also be seen in snakes, where it is a form of defence, whereas in cats, hiding and stealthily approaching form part of their attack strategy. This issue is expressed in cases as follows:
- Fear of being suddenly attacked, especially being choked or attacked on neck or throat
- Fear of suffocation
- Fear of being pursued or chased by an enemy
The cat’s need for accuracy is reflected in patients as “always being right on target”, “being great achievers”. When this quality is associated along with power, stealth etc., one can strongly consider a felid.
3. Acute vision; alert, watchful, vigilance
Felidae are known to have very acute vision, which may be reflected in patients as having very keen eyesight. Their keen senses are not only directed at the outside world, in the form of vision, but also to their inner structure: they have an acute awareness of their inner self and their body structure. They are, for example, highly aware of how their muscles stiffen, how they become strong and powerful when they are angry or excited. This is expressed in cases as: “On the alert, watchful, vigilance, ready to act, on their toes, very cautious, sharp, focused, heedful”.
Felids are endowed with a great capacity to sprint in order to pursue their prey. In patients, we see this as a passion for “speed and pace”.
5. Grab, tear, claws, sharp teeth
Felidae have sharp claws which they use to grab and tear the flesh of their prey. In patients, we often hear expressions such as: 'Tear apart, rip, grab it, etc”.
Expression words: Stealth, Lurking, Waiting to have best chance, Chase, Leap, Speed, Surprise attack, Attacked from nowhere, Ambush, Sprint, Jump, Catch, Pounce, Grab, Tearing apart, Breaking/Cutting apart, Accuracy, Acute vision, Acute senses, Sense beyond capacity, Precocious.
DD.: We also see predatory issues, such as power and strength, in other predatory animals like snakes, big reptiles, and raptor birds but a basic difference in mammals is that they like to show off
their skills and capacities. In birds, we do not see much showing off; here we will of course also find bird themes. Reptiles do not show the same sense of responsibility for their young or for the group; they are mostly concerned with their own survival. Predatory mammals take care of others, taking the role of a responsible father or mother.
Panthera onca = Jaguar means
[Provings: Olga Fatoula, Heike Dahl and group]
"a beast that kills its prey with one bound." It usually kills a prey with one bite. It has powerful jaws and the strongest bite of all Felidae; it can even pierce turtle shells.
An individual jaguar can drag a 360 kg bull in its jaws and pulverize the heaviest bones. Its killing method is unique amongst cats: it pierces directly through the temporal bones of the skull between
the ears of prey with its canine teeth, piercing the brain. The jaguar attacks from cover, usually from the target's blind spot, with a quick pounce.
Extremely sensitive to have his place and position taken away
Jaguars prefer to be solitary and territorial, but within their territory, usually 1 male and 2 to 4 females share the same space. Within this, each female has her own territory. There are hardly any tussles between males and females but, on the other hand, they hardly get together. They live with a partner who does not have any relationship with them; this kind of life style produces the following expressions: “Invading my space”; “Sensitive to be pushed out of his rightful position, place and take his money or space.”; “They want to harm me and to drive me out of my rightful place.”;
“Delusion; others will steal my possessions, my place and my money.”
hold your position.
The key feeling of the proving was: “They watch me, they persecute and follow me to drive me out of my place and may harm me +/o. my possessions.” This causes a feeling of unease and suspicion,
and it is manifested by hurry and aggression.
Constant vigilance, constantly on alert
Territorial issues produce this reaction pattern: if you have feeling that someone is going to take away your position then you must be alert and vigilant at all time. You need constant assurance that your belongings are with you all the time; they might be taken away from you anytime so you have to hold on to them.
Sensitive to deceit and stealing; suspicious
Constant threat to your space, position and belonging makes you sensitive to deceit, cheating, and stealing. The expressions are: “Deceiving and stealing away his position.”; “Fear of being cheated”; “Suspicious, delusion deceived”.
Paranoia, great haste, and fond of speed
To protect your space you need to make ‘constant efforts’. Paranoia, haste, and fondness for speed are part of the same pattern and are expressed as: “Sensation that there are numerous things to
be done in a short time.”; “Eats extremely fast, leading to choking.”; “Sensation of internal anxieties with constant trembling of limbs”.
Breaking the skull, piercing, blow
Jaguars’ unique killing method and extremely strong bite can be expressed as follows in patients: “Desire to strike someone in the face.”; “Breaking skull open in two”; “Split the skull in two”;
Zusammenfassung schwarzer Panther Jaguar
Panther sind Einzelgänger die ohne Rudel leben. Ihre Reviere von ca.30-50 Quadratkilometer teilen sie nicht.
Die Reviermarkierung erfolgt durch Urin und Kratzspuren an Bäumen. Allenfalls überlappt es mit dem Revier einzelner Weibchen. Panther sind typische Ansitzjäger, die sich einen Ansitz oder Baum wählen, von welchem sie die Umgebung -häufig mit Wasserloch- gut überblicken können. Dort warten sie bis geeignete Opfer entlang kommen und schleichen sich nah genug heran, bis eine Flucht für das Opfer unmöglich ist. Das Opfer wird vom Schwung des Ansturms umgeworfen und durch einen Biss in die Kehle erdrosselt.
Häufig dringen auch die Eckzähne in die Halswirbelsäule und brechen sie durch. Falls möglich versucht der Panther zugleich den Bauch seines Opfers mit seinen Krallen aufzuschlitzen. Zunächst frisst der Panther Herz und Leber. Die übrigen Eingeweide werden ausgeräumt und mit dem Kadaver geht es den Jungen (bei Weibchen) oder dem nächsten Baum (Männchen), um es dort vor Räubern wie Hyänen oder Löwen in Sicherheit zu bringen. Dabei wendet der Panther sehr große Kräfte auf, da die Beute häufig deutlich schwerer als er selbst ist. Dort in Sicherheit verteilt der Panther die Beute auf mehrere Tage. Die Ernährung des Panthers ist buntgemischt, je nach Angebot. Wenn keine Huftiere oder Kleinwild erbeutet werden, nehmen sie auch mit Reptilien oder Vögeln vorlieb.
Meist jagt er in den Abend- oder Nachtstunden.
Das Hauptverbreitungsgebiet des Tieres ist Süd-, und Mittelamerika, er wird aber manchmal auch in den südlichen Bundesstaaten der USA, z.B. Arizona, Texaso der NewMexiko gesichtet.
Der Jaguar ist die grösste Raubkatze des amerikanischen Kontinents.
Als Nahrung werden alle möglichen Tiere aufgenommen. Von Hirschen über Nabelschweine zu Mäusen, Fröschen, Fischen den einen oder anderen Kaiman aber auch Nutztiere. Als opportunistischer meist nachtaktiver Einzeljäger, außerhalb der Paarungszeit, lauert der Jaguar der Beute eher auf als sie in einer Hetzjagd zu überwinden.
Da der Jaguar ein Nachtjäger ist, ist der evolutionäre Vorteil einer schwarzen Behaarung leicht erkenntlich und man frägt sich eher warum nicht alle Jaguare schwarz sind. Da aber in der Nacht bekanntlich alle Katzen grau sind, kann man annehmen, das der Vorteil einer Befleckung und damit eine optische Unschärfe auf Entfernung in engem Gebüsch ebenso erfolgreich ist und das sich so ein natürliches Gleichgewicht zwischen beiden Formen eingestellt hat.
“Pierce, pulverize, crack open, crush”; “One lethal blow and you are finished.”
Nymph-a.: mit Jaguar verbunden
Panthera pardus = Leopard
[Proving: Olga Fatula]
The spots on their body provide them with an ideal camouflage. Black panthers are totally black, so they are hidden during the evening and night. Leopards are the shrewdest, most secretive and difficult to capture of all the large carnivores. These Felidae are agile and excellent climbers amongst the large cats; they are able to kill prey even larger than themselves. When leopards stalk a prey, they do not want to be seen and move quietly through the grass or bush until they are close enough to launch an attack. They are basically solitary and avoid others. Leopards, jaguars, tigers, and lions are the great cats; they all roar. Leopards are much more adaptable and versatile. Their survival mechanism is the ability to climb trees within the shared territory with larger predators. Leopards can be more aggressive than lions and tigers, and are more dangerous than tigers. Leopards are more unpredictable and can attack even when not hungry.
Fight, issues with those more powerful
Leopards share a territory with larger predators like tigers, lions and jaguars. They survive in the same region by being in the trees. Leopards can be more aggressive than lions and tigers. Lions and tigers are so huge that their very aura and size says: “Don’t mess with me.” They do not always need to be aggressive. Leopards have to make their space and need to have more aggression, which is expressed as: “Extreme effort or endurance”; “Be more capable and intellectual”; “Be more productive and useful, so you can survive in the same domain as other bigger personalities.”; “Need to prove yourself”.
In the process of proving yourself and keeping your space among bigger personalities, you need to be more adaptive. You need to survive in difficult situations and need the capacity to bear difficulties and endure. You need to be an all-rounder. Panthera pardus personality is not in the topmost position, like Panthera tigris or Lac leoninum, but they know very well how to make their own space between bigger personalities. Their capacity to be adaptive and versatile means that they are often more successful than the bigger cats and this is enough to hold their position.
Stealth and camouflage
Although ambush and attack is commonly seen in all cats, it is pronounced in leopards and tigers. This aspect is very similar to tigers, hence the difficult to differentiate between the two, except for the degree of stealth, which is more pronounced in leopards. In patients, we hear expressions such as: “Suddenly attacked from nowhere”; “A surprise attack”; “Suddenly from out of the blue”; “One down from the top”.
Love to be in my space, do not like disturbance
Leopards have to find their own space because of the larger cats around. They go up a tree and sit for hours with their tail hanging down. This marks their territory and says: “Don’t disturb me.” They love their own little space and hide in their own cozy spot. They have a constant fear of their space being invaded, like jaguars, but here the issue is that the invaders are bigger and more powerful than them. Expressions are: “Stay out of my Territory.”; “Don’t invade my domain.”; “Just want to sit, without being disturbed.”; “Feels invaded, claustrophobic or choking.”
Angry and aggressive
Tubercular miasm - Space is invaded and feeling claustrophobic and choked
Self-awareness for personal appearance— hair must be good looking, clothes must be good. Need for elegance, desire beautiful scents. Increase attention to the face.
Desire to wear black dresses, close-fitting trousers; cloths must be skin tight and stick to the body.
Panthera unica = snow leopard,
[Proving: Olga Fatula]
A large cat, native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. It is listed as endangered.
Despite the common name given to the snow leopard, the tiger is considered its sister species, with the leopard being a more distant relative. Snow leopards show several adaptations for living in a cold, mountainous environment. Their bodies are stocky, their fur is thick, and their ears are small and rounded, all of which help to minimize heat loss. Their paws are wide distributing their weight better
walking on snow, and have fur on their undersides to increase their grip on steep and unstable surfaces; it also helps to minimize heat loss. Snow leopards' tails are long and flexible, helping them to maintain their balance. Their tails are also very thick due to storage of fat and are very thickly covered with fur, which allows them to be like a blanket to protect the face when asleep.
The snow leopard is solitary. An individual snow leopard lives within a well-defined home range, but does not defend its territory aggressively. Snow leopards are most active at dawn and dusk.
Are known for being extremely secretive and well camouflaged. Unusual among cats, snow leopards also eat a significant amount of vegetation (grass and twigs). Snow leopards will hunt in pairs successfully (mating pairs). They prefer to ambush prey from above, using broken terrain to conceal their approach. They will actively pursue prey down steep mountainsides, using the momentum
of their initial leap to chase animals. They kill with a bite to the neck and may drag the prey to a safe location before feeding. The snow leopard cannot roar.
Try to be on the top, on the height, and watch how everything is under control
This is the common theme to Tiger: the need to be in the topmost position, observe from above and try to control everything.
Expressions from the proving: “I climb the highest mountain and watch everything”; “She looked down from the mountains”; “I control all the above;, “Need to climb a little higher, as if from a height”;
“I like that I'm on top;, “I feel pride and dignity - I am above all”; “I wanted to keep an eye on each and every one.”
Alert and watchful, suspicious; ready for a surprise
Alert, watchful, and ambush or surprise attack is common to the hunting pattern of many cats, including the snow leopard.
Expressions from the proving: “Be on the alert. It's not that I do not believe anyone, we must be alert.”; “I noticed the inner alertness.”; “Alertness is enhanced by large open areas of space.”; “Alertness is exacerbated when there is something fast moving chaotically.”; “Suspicion arose when I passed the playground.”; “To get close to him undetected and resolve.”; “So I was stunned by surprise.”
Stealth and camouflage are also common themes of Tiger and Leopard.
Expressions from the proving: “I want to stand still and do not move until everything is over”; “I want to hide the body, shrink, hide, strain and live only on the surface of the eye”; “I try to be not seen anymore”; “For me, it is important to be invisible”.
Obedience, loyalty, reliability; duty bound
Snow leopards share many common themes with Tigers and Leopards, but this is a very individual theme of the Snow leopard. A high sense of responsibility is common to big cats, but Panthera unica,
sticks to their duty religiously.
Expressions from the proving: “Within the sense of obedience, loyalty, reliability, incredible tenderness”; “I want to highlight a sense of loyalty and obedience”; “I am an observer. I live in a perfectly orderly world and watch, watch him. Someone put me here as caretaker and I do my duty! And I like to fullfill it”; “Like I'm a very responsible soldier and left his station or lowered alertness while on patrol.”
Harmony versus chaos
When we explore the term “love of harmony” for Snow leopard, we find that love of harmony is part of “need of control”, so probably the miasm is cancer miasm, as for the Tiger.
Expressions from the proving: “It can carry a deadly threat to me and to the world that will destroy the harmony”; “I live in a perfectly orderly world and watch”; “There are different rhythms, and I can tune in to them”; “Violating the harmony annoys me and I'd love to fix them”; “Alertness is exacerbated when there is something fast moving chaotically”.
Open space, mountain, ice
We can find issues relating to open spaces, mountains and ice in another mountain cat as well, the Puma.
Expressions from the Snow leopard proving: “Alertness is enhanced by large open areas of space”; “High snow-capped mountains. It is very cold in the mountains”.
Physically active, physical exertion ameliorates
Outer appearance is important, especially concerning nails and hair
Likes warm, fluffy physical touch
Acinonyx jubatus = Cheetahs
No proving available, symptoms are from cured cases.
Primarily adapted for running and taking the prey by jumping rather than ambush. They are the fastest animals on earth and are known for their speed and agility. They are poor climbers so they hunt by speed rather than by stealth. They are known as the "sprinters" of the cat family and are the only animals that can attain speeds as great as 100km (60 mph).
Speed, hectic pace
Cheetah is the fastest animal and is termed a sprinter. In patients, we see this aspect as an intense liking or fascination for speed. Speed is thus the centre of focus of this remedy during case taking.
If a patient elaborates all the qualities of Felidae and speed, then we can think of two remedies, Cheetah or Jaguar. In Jaguar, however, there is much higher self-esteem and suspicion that his possessions are going to be taken away from him. In Cheetah we cannot see suspicion, though the person may feel that credit was taken by the boss instead of him. Hectic pace, miasm is tubercular.
High performer but stronger ones profit from him
Cheetah people are high performers but do not have the capacity to hold onto their position. As they are not in charge of what they are doing, the credit by bigger bosses. Leopards are also high performers but they know how to turn the situation to their benefit even though he is working along with bigger ones. In Cheetah cases, the person is working under a larger personality, while in Leopard cases he is working alongside the big guys. In Cheetah, there is not an issue of his space being invaded, so there is no feeling of suffocation or choking but, instead: “Whatever I do is credited to the bigger guys.”
Friendlier and less aggressive
The Cheetah personality is weaker than other cats, so a strong ego is not such an issue. Still, they are wild cats and predators; their predatory qualities are present but milder than the other big cats. In comparison to other big cats, Cheetah people are friendly and sociable; they do not feel “as if he is a high ranking person”, needing to maintain distance from “ordinary people”. In nature, cheetahs do not have strong territorial issues. Sometimes, they can hunt along with other cheetahs or in pairs. They can tolerate others very easily in comparison to other big cats, so they have fewer issues of ‘freedom’ and ‘independence’.
Lac puma = puma concolor/= cougar/= mountain lion
[Proving: Nancy Herrick]
Puma are the biggest of the smaller cats of the Felidae. Though they are relatively small, pumas are known for their remarkable strength and stamina. They are shy animals, leading a solitary life.
Puma lives in mountainous regions. They are capable to both stalk-and-ambush, and chase but mostly they like to attack from above and jump on the back of the prey. They will stalk through brush
and trees, across ledges, or other covered spots, before making a powerful leap onto the back of prey and inflicting a lethal neck bite. Their large hind legs allow for great leaping and short-sprint ability. The main danger in jumping from a height is breaking their limbs; like tigers, this is how they get injured. They have excellent sight and hearing, and are good swimmers, like tigers.
Strong need of connection and reconnection versus isolation
In the proving, the issue of connection and reconnection with an old friend, or group, emerged. Expressions from the proving: “Strong theme of wanting to be connected to people”; “I have not felt
as anxious about being in a large group of people”; “I feel isolated where I sit, separate from him and the group”; “Wishing to re-connect with people who have been out of my life for a while”;
“I had a feeling of reconnecting with somebody from my past”; “I have definitely had aversion to company, but when I was with a group I’m actually ok with it.” There is possibly a conflict between
being isolated or connected.
Bipolar or polarity and confusion
Confusion around polarities is a big theme in the Lac puma proving: ‘I need company or need to be alone’; ‘Am I powerful and strong or I’m weak?’ This turmoil produces confusion of identity and contradiction of will which is enough to produce bi-polar disorder. The mind is cloudy and confused, and at other times very focused and sharp.
Some example of rubrics: “Will, contradiction of”; “Irresolution, indecision”; “Confusion of mind; identity, as to his”; “Confusion of mind; identity, as to his; duality, sensation of”; “Absent-mindedness; dreamy”; “Dream, as if in a”; “Dreams; confused”.
Cougars even confusing for the scientist because they are the fourth largest cats, so they are smaller than tigers, lions and jaguars but bigger than leopards. It produces confusion: are they really big
cats or small cats? It has been finally placed in the small cat family (Felinae) because their muscles are not so highly developed and powerful, and they lack the ability to roar.
Parent- child conflict
In Lac puma, the issue of parent-child conflict is prominent. In most of these species, the cubs are looked after and protected for up to two years. However, any new male taking over the territory will kill the cubs and mate with the mother to protect his lineage. Also, beyond a certain age, if the father feels threatened by a male cub, it and can kill it, so the male cub must leave and find his own territory. Therefore issues of guilt, abandonment and betrayal are strong themes in Lac Puma.
Climbing, leaping, jumping
These are specific predatory qualities of Cougars. They have exceptional climbing skills, which can help reduce the conflict with other larger Felidae. They have the capacity to make powerful leaps onto
the back of prey, catching it by the neck and suffocating it. The attack is thus a surprise ambush.
Cancer miasm (DD- Tiger)
Injury to legs or feet is fatal (DD- Tiger)
Similar to tiger
Diarrhea < riding
Stool odour, sweetish
Vertigo; Floating and Swaying to and fro; < motion
Mountain Lion can be a very difficult power totem for you to have, because it places you in a position to be a target for the problems of others. You could be blamed for things going wrong, or for always taking charge when others cannot. You could become the perfect justification for the insecurities of others.
Mountain Lion medicine involves lessons on the use of power in leadership. It is the ability to lead without insisting that others follow. It is the understanding that all beings are potential leaders in their own ways. The use and abuse of power in a position of influence are part of this great cat's medicine.
By observing the graceful pounce of Mountain Lion, you will learn how to balance power, intention, physical strength, and grace. This relates, in human terms, to the balance of body, mind, and spirit. The giant feline never wastes anything. It only kills what it needs for survival. The female lion is the hunter who graces her table in a style akin to mother energy.
If Mountain Lion has come to you in dreams, it is a time to stand on your convictions and lead yourself where your heart takes you. Others may choose to follow, and the lessons will multiply. If you have pulled the card of Mountain Lion, you may be asked to review the purpose behind your personal beliefs. You may need to discover whether or not your plans include a pride of cubs wanting to be like you or to share in your dreams. If you are already a leader, the question may be whether or not t he time has come to push the cubs out of the cave. If you are aligned with cat medicine, you are considered to be "king of the mountain," and never allowed to be human or vulnerable.
The pitfalls are many, but the rewards are great. In assuming the place of power that Mountain Lion affords, you must constantly be aware of keeping peace. However you can never make everyone happy unless you lie to yourself or others. This is human nature. Therefore the first responsibility of leadership is to tell the truth. Know it and live it, and your example will filter down to the tiniest cub in the pride. Responsibility is no more than the ability to respond to any situation. Panic is not a part of this sacred medicine.
If your Mountain Lion card is reversed, you may be playing with fire. A leader who tries to lead through tyranny or dictatorship has forgotten the medicine of truth.
Through the reversal of this medicine, you may be tricked into believing that nothing else has validity except the ideas created by yourself. Watch out! Rome crumbled for this very reason!
If this aspect of the contrary medicine does not apply to your situation, look at other messages which Mountain Lion brings in the reversed position.
If you are avoiding taking your place of leadership, it could be because the whole idea scares you silly. This is a normal state of affairs for one who has never been a leader before.
In this instance it is necessary to call upon the courage of Lion and to begin by learning the lessons of the "lion-hearted."
Another message of Mountain Lion reversed is to not let yourself be led down the primrose path by a leader who is abusing power. If you want to put yourself on the road to being
a leader in your own right, ask questions of anyone to whom you have given authority. See if they carry the medicine of Mountain Lion, and whether you can grow into your own leadership by observing how they handle the task of setting examples. Become Mountain Lion by refusing to hide in the cave of your own shyness or uncertainty. Roar with conviction, roar with power, and remember to roar with laughter to balance the medicine!
Mountain Lion has a handsome, cat-like face and a smooth and graceful body, with tawny-tan and gray coloration. As a power animal, Mountain Lion encourages you to take charge
of any troubling situation and to use your powers of leadership to influence events. It urges you to overcome your uncertainty and aloofness by accepting personal responsibility, and thus generate positive action. Mountain Lion provides strength, determination and foresight, and an assurance that right action leads to right results. It is endeavoring to show you how to be your own leader. The responsibility is yours.Take courage and be brave. Risk being a living example. Become a leader without followers.
Source: Sams, Jamie and Carson, David
Leopardus pardalis = Ocelots, also known as dwarf leopards, are wild cats distributed extensively within South America.
[Proving: the actual prover is not known but some trituration proving notes were collected from www.ruthsagerer.de]
Ocelots are similar in appearance to domestic cats, but their fur resembles that of a clouded leopard or jaguar. Ocelots are mostly nocturnal and territorial. They will fight fiercely, sometimes to the death,
in territorial disputes. Like most felines, they usually meet only to mate. Ocelots hunt mostly small animals. They are good climbers but they hunt mostly on the ground. If necessary they can swim well. Ocelots usually have several resting places in their territory, and they rarely use the same place on two consecutive days. Compared with other small cats, ocelot kittens grow quite slowly.
Highly conscious about their own space
Ocelots are strongly territorial, highly aware of protecting their own space. They will fight fiercely, sometimes to the death, in territorial disputes. They fear that their space/ position is taken away from them, so they strongly hold onto their space and become aggressive if anybody try to take away it from them. Leopards also have the fear of losing their space but there, the competition is between someone stronger that themselves. In Ocelots, the threat is from someone of the same size. Ocelots are not threatened by bigger cats, since their food habits are different from the other cats; competition comes only from other ocelots.
Their beautiful, unique and distinctive fur gives ocelots a very special appearance. In patients, we see this as the desire to be attractive. We might see someone who wants to be a body-builder, or likes to wear beautiful, attractive clothing and jewelry. They have feeling of being very special and they want special treatment; they are arrogant regarding their appearance. Leopards also have this sense of being special and the need to be to be attractive, so they also attach much importance of their appearance. Leopards are a bigger sized cat, so they have more confidence, power and strength, while ocelots are smaller, so they do not have the issue of displaying power and strength, they are not as competitive. Their issue is mainly around a display of attractiveness in order to gain attention or special treatment.
Strong sense of smelling
In the proving, there are many expressions regarding ‘strong smell’. Smaller wild cats have a special affinity for olfaction. They also have good night vision, since they are night hunters.
Pulsating headache or pain in waves
Allergic problems like breathlessness, asthma, skin rashes and itching
Very flexible body (Ocelot is adapted for climbing)
Physical restlessness, needs to do everything fast
Lac felinum (Felis sylvestris domestica)