Ton

 

Durch Verwitterung wird Siliciumoxid durch isomorphen Ersatz mit Aluminium (3-wertig) versetzt. (Silicium wird dabei verdrängt).

Ton, Tonstein/Kaolin. (wird als Rückstandsgestein definiert).

Bentonit = E 558 entsteht durch Umbildung aus vulkanischer Asche/kann/innere Oberfläche eines Gramms beträgt 400 - 600 m²

(normaler Ton: 2 m²)/ist Nichtnewtonsches Fluid: [Blut./Treibsand/Sand-Wasser-Gemische (Schlämmung)/Stärke-Wasser-Gemische/Schmiermittel/Ketchup/Spätzleteig/Pudding/

Synovia. [Gelenkflüssigkeit) = Schmiermittel bei allen Gelenkbewegungen (bedeutet Viskosität bleibt nicht konstant, wenn sich die auf dasselbe einwirkenden Schwerkräfte verändern/

als anomalviskos bezeichnet)]/verhält sich wie Flüssigkeit, wenn man es schüttelt o. im Gefäß umrührt

Diaspor. w = Al + O/= Tonerde  

= Korund + DRUCK;

Aluminium                             Gruppe/Familie           Erforschen

Oxygenium                             Ego/Ich            Eliminieren

Positiv: Verständnis für anderen/objektiv/gelassen;

Negativ: Viele Missverständnis/hektisch;

Doryphora. antidotiert Effekte von Tonerde auf der Haut

Mergel/-steine

Hirundo urbica = Rauchschwalbe baut Nest. mit Speichel.  + Lehm. + Pflanzenteilen

Inana = schwarz/lebt im Weltenbaum/Gilgamesh fällt Weltenbaum und macht Inana heimatlos/sie irrt über die Welt. Gilgamesch schließt Freundschaft mit einem „Wilden Mann“ (gemacht aus Ton/

bedeckt  mit Haaren/DUNKELE Haut) namens Enkidu. Zusammen erschlagen sie den Hüter des Zedernwaldes.

Lehm/-stein mit wenig o. keinem Kalk und viel Sand. Meist gelblich gefärbt.

Lutum Felkeanum.

Sedimentärer Tonschiefer veränderter Tonstein, welcher dem "Schieferton" zuzuordnen ist. Echter Tonschiefer = metamorphes Gestein .

Ölschiefer Stark bituminöse Tonsteine werden "Ölschiefer" genannt

Ichth. aus Tirol

Kupferschiefer = bitumenhaltiger/mergeliger "Schieferton", bzw. ein Tonstein + S (Pyrit./Cu-Mineralien) 

Kaolin Sammelbezeichnung für ein Gemisch meist eisenfreier Tongesteine (Tone) mit dem Mineral Kaolinit = Porzellanerde/= Bolus alba w/= china clay/= E 559/ Al4[(OH)8|Si4O10/kann aus

vulkanischem Glas entstehen.

Der durch Verwitterung aus Feldspat hervorgegangene Kaolin ist reinweiß, kann jedoch durch Fe-Oxide gelblich verfärbt sein. Enthält oft natürliche Beimengungen von Quarz/Muskovit/ +/o.

Magnetit Kaolin verwendet in Kosmetik/Papier-/Porzellan-/Farbherstellung

Ocker = natürliches Si und Ton/gefärbt von Ferr-ox.

Porc-m. = Meißner Porzellan (= Kaolin + Feldspat + Quarz)/= Ton

Sceliphron. caementarium = organ pipe/= mud dauber/= Mauerwespe

Siegel. auf Ton gedrückt

Vermic.

 

Vergleich: Enthält: S (nicht immer) + O + H + meist Mg + meist Al (Alum-sil);

DD.: Granite.

Siehe: Gesteinsgruppe + Schöpfung + Baumaterialen

 

Allerlei: Osiris (Egypt) was murdered. by his brother Set. His wife + sister Isis resurrected him/he became god of the dead. + underworld (= „Sitz des Auges.”) Gott der Vegetation/des Nils/Fruchtbarkeit. Symbolen: Tausendfüßler./grüner. Haut/Krummstab./Weizen gemischt mit Ton als Opfer

Cherokee myth: after Possum. and Buzzard failed to steal fire, Grandmother Spider used her web to sneak into the land of light. She stole fire, hiding it in a clay pot

Cheyenne: the great creator spirit Maheo kneads some mud he takes from a coot's beak (= Wasserhuhn) until it expands so much that only Old Grandmother Turtle. can support it on her back.

Ton gebraucht um Schrift. festzuhalten.

Glückstiegel (= letzte Tiegel am Tag hergestellt/bekam Inschrift).

Mörser = Fahrzeug für Hexen.

Vulcan. = Hephaistos = Schmied/Hammer./Blitz./Töpferer./= Narr./Delphin./Perle./= Gegenspieler zu Pallas-Athene

 

Lao-tse:

"Do you have the patience to wait until the mud settles and the water becomes clear? "

"Can you stay unmoving until the right action arises by itself?

 

"Ton knetend formt man Gefäße. Doch erst ihr Hohlraum, das Nichts, ermöglicht die Füllung.

Das Sichtbare, das Seiende, gibt dem Werk die Form. Das Unsichtbare, das Nichts, gibt ihm Wesen und Sinn".

 

Tillum terrae = Geschiebemergel, Glacial Till = Geschiebemergel von Rügen, Steilufer der Kreptitzer Heide, Nordwestküste nördlich von Dranske. Quelle: Remedia.at

besteht hauptsächlich aus Tonmineralien und Calcit o. Dolomit. Quarz, Glimmer, Pyrit und Gips können enthalten sein. Er hat eine sehr feine Körnung und einen muscheligen Bruch.

Mergel ist ein sedimentäres Gestein und gehört zur Familie der Pelite und ist eine Ton- oder Tonsteinvarietät. Das Gestein liegt zwischen verschiedenen Sedimentationstypen, da es sowohl klastischer

als auch chemisch-biogener Herkunft sein kann.

Farbe: grün, braun, beige und grau - grauweiß

Entsteht meist aus Planktonschalen und Schlamm der sich am Meeresboden zu immer dickeren Schichten ansammelt. Mergel kann aber auch aus anderen Calcit - Ton haltigen Sedimenten entstehen.

Nach einigen Mio. Jahren tritt er dann als Mergel ans Tageslicht.

Aluminium is the 3rd most abundant element [8%] in the Earth's crust, exceeded by oxygen [47%] and silicon [28%]. It is a silvery white metal in group 13. of the periodic table, the other members being borium, gallium, indium, and thallium.

Related is group 14: carbon, silicium, germanium, tin and lead. No other group of elements is so diverse as these two: black, brown, white, soft, hard, metallic or non-metallic. This might be explained by the fact that both groups are situated about halfway in the periodic table, between the super metals [alkali metals] and the halogens. Out of this no man's land, man and the living world emerge!

Because of its chemical activity, aluminium never occurs in the metallic form in nature, but its compounds are present to a greater or lesser extent in almost all rocks, vegetation, and animals. Bauxite, a mixture of hydrated aluminium oxides, is the principal aluminium ore. "In nature, aluminium occurs primarily as clay, aluminium oxide, combined in manifold ways with other substances. Thus it has an important share in the formation of rock and of fertile soil. Without aluminium there would be no fertile earth. ... Clay conveys to the soil the properties of plasticity and water absorption. ...

Aluminium unites the life-bearing water with the earthy element that is to be plastically formed. It is with good reason that clay, uniting so readily with the life-bearing water, is the moulding stuff of the ceramic worker, the potter, and the plastic artist. The noblest vessels for holding liquids have from time immemorial been made of clay - majolica, faience, terracotta, porcelain. The sculptor works out his inspirations in clay before he hews them out of stone."

Alumina is pure clay. Natural clay is mainly aluminium oxide with impurities of various sorts, but chiefly silica. "Nature seems to expect aluminium to remain clay. The metallic condition is unnatural for it; the metal is not only difficult to extract, but the extraction would immediately be undone if a peculiar circumstance did not protect it from attack. Like an impenetrable armour, aluminium oxide immediately covers the metal with a fine protective layer of patina, a 'noble rust.' We may well call it this, for aluminium oxide as a mineral can achieve the noblest form of which the metal is capable; it can appear as corundum, sapphire, or ruby, those unusually hard and costly jewels. In contrast to the precious metals, the most precious condition of aluminium is not its purity, but its rust." The key process for fertile soil is the formation of clay. Both the physical and the chemical properties of soil depend on the amount and kind of clay particles they contain. The supply of minerals to plants depends on the presence of clay particles, which have a net negative charge, in the soil. Many of the minerals that are important for plant nutrition, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium, exist in soil as positive ions chemically attached to clay particles. To become available to plants, the positive ions must be detached from the clay particles, which is accomplished by reactions with protons [hydrogen ions]. The protons trade places with ions such as potassium and calcium on the clay particles, thus putting the nutrients back into the soil solution and thereby determining the fertility of the soil. Clay particles, however, do not hold and exchange negatively charged ions, which results in the leaching from the soil of important negative ions such as phosphate, nitrate, and sulphate. To replace them elements as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are commonly added to agricultural soils. 3

 

 

Red granite clay = Tory Island Clay

 

Red granite with Feldspar + Quartz + Mica

Grain sizes = not equal: Granite fractions = up to 1 cm across/smaller pieces of feldspar and quartz are only discernable under microscope/grains of mica are very fine.

 

In 1997 I went to Tory Island with some friends. As soon as I landed on the island of Tory I felt a very profound sense of belonging as though I had just come home. During my stay on Tory I oscillated between a deep sense of inner calm and peace and an intense sense of awe and terror at the power and beauty of the island. The night I left the island I had a dream of a very fragile woman. She was beautiful though her face was lined from sadness/hardship in her life/she never spoke. She walked from Connemara to Tory Island, holding her blue-grey shawl around her as she walked. Her eyes were always downcast. When she reached Tory she knelt in front of a rock and remained there, facing the sea and breathing in the sea air. The children of the Island knew of her sorrow so they left bowls of food for her and never disturbed her. The people of the island knew why she had come that she would be healed. They watched out for her but left her to her silence and meditation. - - - -

 

Repertorium:                                   [Anne Irwin]

Mind: Ailments - from suppressed anger/from domination/mortification/from sadness

Anger followed by weakness

Antagonism with self

Aversion to men

Calm

Censorious

Chaotic

Cheerful

Clairvoyance

Company - aversed to/desires

Concentration difficult

Confusion

Conscientious about trifles/fastidious

Contemptuous

Death - presentiment of others/predicts

Delusions - is an animal/becoming an animal/about to be attacked/black entities/cloaked figures/confused as how to be in society/danger/(is) dead/all about him is dead (persons)/(is possesed of) devil/divided in 3 parts/evil feeling as though some evil had

happened to him/figures /sees black/horns growing/errors of personal identity/frightful black images/importance of others while he himself is lowly/insignificant/sees masks/men are coarse and vulgar/mission/paedophiles/persecuted/possessed/religious

superiority of others while he himself is lowly/unfit for society/threatened/is uncivilised/everything is unreal/vampires/visions/horrible, living dead/world is unsafe

Despair

Detached

Too much sense of duty

Ennui

Estranged from society

Fear [alone/attacked/crowds/death/(foreboding of) evil (is possessed by evil)/something terrible will happen/invaded/men/noise/overpowering/rape/shadows/silence/sun]

Going out - aversed to

Haughty/thinks others humble while he himself is great.

Heedles

Hypocrisy

Impatient

Impulse to stab own flesh with a knife he holds

Impulsive to go shopping

Indifferent (to everything)

Ennui

Indignation

Injures himself 

Irritable

Meditation

Memory - loss of/weak/periodic

Contempt for men

Piety

Postpones everything

Prophesying/predicts death others

Prostration (after anger)

Quarrelsome at trifles

Religious affections/praying mantras

Rocking from terror

Sad

Secretive

Serenity

Serious, earnest

Sun, aversion to

Superstitious/suspicious

Time fritters away his.

Theorising

Two trains of thought

Weeping (easily/at sadness of the world/at trifles)

Vertigo: Evening

Tendency to fall

At turning head quickly/“As if brain turning suddenly“/on turning

Trembling

From vertex

Head: Constriction (of temples)

Heavy

Pain (at night/after midnight/at 4 h./from anger/catarrhal/from obstruction of frontal sinuses/after eating Choc./after emotion/at touch/with vomiting/boring/pressing/“As if temples screwed together“/pulsating, wavelike/from sudden motion/from anger/from motion/from wine/in occiput)

Sensitive (r./to touch)

Eye: Pain - during headache (throbbing)/from anger/< touch

Vision:            Flashes - like rods/looking down to the left

Ear: Pain (l./inside/< touch)

Nose: Sinuses

Catarrh (postnasal)

Discharge (green/yellow/from posterior nares)

Face: Expression, frowning

Pain [in jaw on tightening]

Tension in chin/in jaw (ext. temples)/in lip (lower/upper)

Mouth: Dryness (in morning/on waking)

Open during sleep

Pain

Salivation (tastes metallic)

Ulcers (inside lower lip/painful/palate)

Teeth: Pain [afternoon/pressing/of filling (r.)/upper]

Throat: Itching (sadness during)

„As if a lump“

Pain (sore/> singing)

Stomach: Appetite [constant/increased/wanting (morning)]

Eructations (regurgitation of food)

Nausea (at night/< fats)

Pain (> eructations/> passing flatus)

Thirst

Abdomen: Pain (with flatus/< cabbage/aching/with leukorrhea/cramping)

Flatulence (in bed)

Rumbling

Rectum: Diarrhea (< at night)

Eruptions (boils in anus)

Stool: Copious/frequent

Sleep: Deep/refreshing

Sleepless (morning/and restless)

Waking (from thirst/late)

Bladder: Pain (during urination)

Urination: frequent at night

Back: Eruptions, pimples

Itching in lumbar region

Pain (morning/in bed after rising/on waking/in cervical region/from anger/on moving head)

Extremities: Cramps - lower limbs (feet)                

Numbness -upper limbs (r./shoulder)/hands grasping anything        

Pain [upper limb (shoulder - waking/> walking/ext. arm/aching)/lower limb (hollow of  knee/> walking/foot burning)]

Tingling in upper arm while sitting

Female organs: Leukorrhea (clear/copious/painful aching in abdomen/thin)

Menses [copious (at start)/late]

Sexual desire,             wanting

Cough: Evening

< lying

Persistent

Expectoration: Thick/viscid

Yellow

Sleep:

Dreams: bleeding/bridges/buildings/churches/clairvoyant/cloaked figures/defecating/urinating/drowning/water/red eyes/evil/flooding/flying/important people/litter/is on

Mission/naked/none/north/official buildings/precious objects/rape/robbers/scars/secrets/sewing human skin/snow/terrifying threats/unremembered/vampires

Generals: aversed to open air

Faintness with vertigo

Must hold onto something

Food and drinks: Desires: bacon/farinaceous food/fruit/sugar;  <: cabbage/Choc./fats and rich food;

Lack of vital heat

Lassitude in morning

Weakness from slight exertion

 

Symptoms cured by the remedy:

Anger suppressed

Fastidiousness

Fears - attacked by overpowering men/to be seen

Lack of organization

Planning too much

Estranged from family

Delusions is divided             

Haughtiness

Mildness

Ulcers in mouth painful on palate

 

Allerlei: Tory is an island 8 miles off the north-west coast of Donegal. It is 2½ miles long and about ¾ of a mile wide.

It is a remote, not easily accessible island often cut off from the mainland by the powerful seas. The western side is a jagged rocky outcrop. Here large red streaked sea stacks rise from the thunderous waves, here sheer cliffs fall off into the foam, here  a natural sea-hewn cathedral full of the song-cries of seabirds pay homage to Balor of the Evil Eye/a Formorian Cyclops who dwelt on the western side of the island. His people were giants who inhabited Ireland before the Celts and even before the Danaan. The Fomorians regarded as the embodiment of evil/were monstrous and hideous.

Balor of the Evil Eye was the mightiest and most evil of the Formorians. He had one eye/its gaze was deadly.

Balor’s only fear was of an ancient prophecy which foretold his death at the hands of his own grandson. He had only one child, his daughter Eithne. To escape the prophecy he imprisoned her in a remote cave on the island. She grew to be a great beauty and many men tried in vain to woo her. One day, Kian, a Danaan champion secretly gained entry to the cave and seduced Eithne. An outraged Balor discovered the truth when his daughter bore triplets. To avoid his fate he threw the newborns into the sea. The two that drowned became the ancestors of the seals. The third child had magical powers and swam to shore unseen. He was raised by his uncle, a black-smith, who educated him and named him Lugh (both he and Balor were sun gods; the blacksmith, may have been Lon MacLiofa from the Seven Streams of Taosca legend). Lugh became a great hero and possessed many talents and his son was the hero-god Cu Chulainn. At the age of 21 Lugh became King of the Danaan and prepared for a final battle with the evil Formorians. Balor’s gaze killed all within his sight but Lugh was just out of sight. When Balor's eye closed, Lugh hurled a stone from his sling just as the evil eye re-opened. Balor died instantly, at the hand of his grandson, just as prophecy had told. The remaining Formorians fled Ireland leaving the Danaan in peace until the Celts, defeated them. Eventually the two sides made peace and the Danaan were given all that lay below the ground. They still reside there, as fairies and leprechauns, and still practice magic.

There is a natural land bridge joining the eastern and western parts of the island. The eastern side is more gentle and holds the two main villages of the island. Colmcille’s crater is here, a large crater gouged from the earth with a sea-arch through which the ferocious Atlantic can enter. A carpet of montbretias covers the floor of the crater. On a bright day the suns rays catch the orange flowers like tongues of fire rising from the depths.

It is reported that Saint Colmcille on his way to Iona landed on Tory and asked the men of the island for land to build a church. His intention was to convert the people of the island to Christianity. The men refused bar one man, a dark man of the island, who acceded to his request saying that he could have only whatever land his cloak would cover if he spread it on the ground. So Colmcille took off his cloak and spread it out. It expanded to cover the whole island and consequently the people of the island converted to Christianity. Colmcille built a monastery on the island which flourished, making Tory the principal ecclesiastical center in Northwest Ulster for a thousand years. In May 1595, a detachment of English troops destroyed the monastery and in the wake of the attack the monks fled to the mainland.

Further to the east of the island is the burial place of the Gentle Saint of the North purported to be the daughter of a Scandinavian king. It is said that she, along with two sailors, was washed ashore during a storm in the far distant past. She was buried along with the sailors on the island. Her body was placed on the bottom and the sailors’ bodies were placed on top of her. The following morning, to the amazement of the people, she was found to have risen to the top. The people recognised her saintly qualities but to be sure the following night they placed her at the bottom once more only to find her on top again the next morning. She was a woman of delicacy, beauty, virtue and goodness. They then proclaimed her a saint. The clay from her grave is said to possess special qualities. It protects sailors at sea and it is said that if you sprinkle a little around your house you will be protected from danger and no rat will visit your house. No rat has ever been seen on Tory…

 

 

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