Durch Verwitterung wird Siliciumoxid durch isomorphen Ersatz mit Aluminium (3-wertig) versetzt. (Silicium wird dabei verdrängt).
Ton, Tonstein/Kaolin. (wird als Rückstandsgestein definiert).
Bentonit = E 558 entsteht durch Umbildung aus vulkanischer Asche/kann/innere Oberfläche eines Gramms beträgt 400 - 600 m²
(normaler Ton: 2 m²)/ist Nichtnewtonsches Fluid: [Blut./Treibsand/Sand-Wasser-Gemische (Schlämmung)/Stärke-Wasser-Gemische/Schmiermittel/Ketchup/Spätzleteig/Pudding/
Synovia. [Gelenkflüssigkeit) = Schmiermittel bei allen Gelenkbewegungen (bedeutet Viskosität bleibt nicht konstant, wenn sich die auf dasselbe einwirkenden Schwerkräfte verändern/als anomalviskos bezeichnet)]/verhält sich wie Flüssigkeit, wenn man es schüttelt o. im Gefäß umrührt
Aluminium Gruppe/Familie Erforschen
Oxygenium Ego/Ich Eliminieren
Positiv: Verständnis für anderen/objektiv/gelassen;
Negativ: Viele Missverständnis/hektisch;
Doryphora. antidotiert Effekte von Tonerde auf der Haut
Inana = schwarz/lebt im Weltenbaum/Gilgamesh fällt Weltenbaum und macht Inana heimatlos/sie irrt über die Welt. Gilgamesch schließt Freundschaft mit einem
„Wilden Mann“ (gemacht aus Ton/bedeckt mit Haaren/DUNKELE Haut) namens Enkidu. Zusammen erschlagen sie den Hüter des Zedernwaldes.
Lehm/-stein mit wenig o. keinem Kalk und viel Sand. Meist gelblich gefärbt.
Sedimentärer Tonschiefer veränderter Tonstein, welcher dem "Schieferton" zuzuordnen ist. Echter Tonschiefer = metamorphes Gestein .
Ölschiefer Stark bituminöse Tonsteine werden "Ölschiefer" genannt
Ichth. aus Tirol
Kupferschiefer = bitumenhaltiger/mergeliger "Schieferton", bzw. ein Tonstein + S (Pyrit./Cu-Mineralien)
Kaolin Sammelbezeichnung für ein Gemisch meist eisenfreier Tongesteine (Tone) mit dem Mineral Kaolinit = Porzellanerde/= Bolus alba w/= china clay/= E 559/ Al4[(OH)8|Si4O10/kann aus vulkanischem Glas entstehen.
Der durch Verwitterung aus Feldspat hervorgegangene Kaolin ist reinweiß, kann jedoch durch Fe-Oxide gelblich verfärbt sein. Enthält oft natürliche Beimengungen
von Quarz/Muskovit/ +/o. Magnetit Kaolin verwendet in Kosmetik/Papier-/Porzellan-/Farbherstellung
Ocker = natürliches Si und Ton/gefärbt von Ferr-ox.
Porc-m. = Meißner Porzellan (= Kaolin + Feldspat + Quarz)/= Ton
Sceliphron. caementarium = organ pipe/= mud dauber/= Mauerwespe
Siegel. auf Ton gedrückt
Vergleich: Enthält: S (nicht immer) + O + H + meist Mg + meist Al (Alum-sil);
Cherokee myth: after Possum. and Buzzard failed to steal fire, Grandmother Spider used her web to sneak into the land of light. She stole fire, hiding it in a clay pot
Cheyenne: the great creator spirit Maheo kneads some mud he takes from a coot's beak (= Wasserhuhn) until it expands so much that only Old Grandmother Turtle. can support it on her back.
Ton gebraucht um Schrift. festzuhalten.
Glückstiegel (= letzte Tiegel am Tag hergestellt/bekam Inschrift).
Mörser = Fahrzeug für Hexen.
"Do you have the patience to wait until the mud settles and the water becomes clear? "
"Can you stay unmoving until the right action arises by itself? "
"Ton knetend formt man Gefäße. Doch erst ihr Hohlraum, das Nichts, ermöglicht die Füllung.
Das Sichtbare, das Seiende, gibt dem Werk die Form. Das Unsichtbare, das Nichts, gibt ihm Wesen und Sinn".
Tillum terrae = Geschiebemergel, Glacial Till = Geschiebemergel von Rügen, Steilufer der Kreptitzer Heide, Nordwestküste nördlich von Dranske. Quelle: Remedia.at
besteht hauptsächlich aus Tonmineralien und Calcit o. Dolomit. Quarz, Glimmer, Pyrit und Gips können enthalten sein. Er hat eine sehr feine Körnung und einen muscheligen Bruch.
Mergel ist ein sedimentäres Gestein und gehört zur Familie der Pelite und ist eine Ton- oder Tonsteinvarietät. Das Gestein liegt zwischen verschiedenen Sedimentationstypen, da es sowohl klastischer
als auch chemisch-biogener Herkunft sein kann.
Farbe: grün, braun, beige und grau - grauweiß
Entsteht meist aus Planktonschalen und Schlamm der sich am Meeresboden zu immer dickeren Schichten ansammelt. Mergel kann aber auch aus anderen Calcit - Ton haltigen Sedimenten entstehen.
Nach einigen Mio. Jahren tritt er dann als Mergel ans Tageslicht.
Aluminium is the 3rd most abundant element [8%] in the Earth's crust, exceeded by oxygen [47%] and silicon [28%]. It is a silvery white metal in group 13. of the periodic table, the other members being borium, gallium, indium, and thallium.
Related is group 14: carbon, silicium, germanium, tin and lead. No other group of elements is so diverse as these two: black, brown, white, soft, hard, metallic or non-metallic. This might be explained by the fact that both groups are situated about halfway in the periodic table, between the super metals [alkali metals] and the halogens. Out of this no man's land, man and the living world emerge!
Because of its chemical activity, aluminium never occurs in the metallic form in nature, but its compounds are present to a greater or lesser extent in almost all rocks, vegetation, and animals. Bauxite, a mixture of hydrated aluminium oxides, is the principal aluminium ore. "In nature, aluminium occurs primarily as clay, aluminium oxide, combined in manifold ways with other substances. Thus it has an important share in the formation of rock and of fertile soil. Without aluminium there would be no fertile earth. ...
Clay conveys to the soil the properties of plasticity and water absorption. ...
Aluminium unites the life-bearing water with the earthy element that is to be plastically formed. It is with good reason that clay, uniting so readily with the life-bearing water, is the moulding stuff of the ceramic worker, the potter, and the plastic artist. The noblest vessels for holding liquids have from time immemorial been made of clay - majolica, faience, terracotta, porcelain. The sculptor works out his inspirations in clay before he hews them out of stone."
Alumina is pure clay. Natural clay is mainly aluminium oxide with impurities of various sorts, but chiefly silica. "Nature seems to expect aluminium to remain clay. The metallic condition is unnatural for it; the metal is not only difficult to extract, but the extraction would immediately be undone if a peculiar circumstance did not protect it from attack. Like an impenetrable armour, aluminium oxide immediately covers the metal with a fine protective layer of patina, a 'noble rust.' We may well call it this, for aluminium oxide as a mineral can achieve the noblest form of which the metal is capable; it can appear as corundum, sapphire, or ruby, those unusually hard and costly jewels. In contrast to the precious metals, the most precious condition of aluminium is not its purity, but its rust." The key process for fertile soil is the formation of clay. Both the physical and the chemical properties of soil depend on the amount and kind of clay particles they contain. The supply of minerals to plants depends on the presence of clay particles, which have a net negative charge, in the soil. Many of the minerals that are important for plant nutrition, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium, exist in soil as positive ions chemically attached to clay particles. To become available to plants, the positive ions must be detached from the clay particles, which is accomplished by reactions with protons [hydrogen ions]. The protons trade places with ions such as potassium and calcium on the clay particles, thus putting the nutrients back into the soil solution and thereby determining the fertility of the soil. Clay particles, however, do not hold and exchange negatively charged ions, which results in the leaching from the soil of important negative ions such as phosphate, nitrate, and sulphate. To replace them elements as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are commonly added to agricultural soils. 3
Red granite clay = Tory Island Clay
Red granite with Feldspar + Quartz + Mica
Grain sizes = not equal: Granite fractions = up to 1 cm across/smaller pieces of feldspar and quartz are only discernable under microscope/grains of mica are very fine.
In 1997 I went to
Repertorium: [Anne Irwin]
Mind: Ailments - from suppressed anger/from domination/mortification/from sadness
Anger followed by weakness
Antagonism with self
Aversion to men
Company - aversed to/desires
Conscientious about trifles/fastidious
Death - presentiment of others/predicts
Delusions - is an animal/becoming an animal/about to be attacked/black entities/cloaked figures/confused as how to be in society/danger/(is) dead/all about him is dead (persons)/(is possesed of) devil/divided in 3 parts/evil feeling as though some evil had
happened to him/figures /sees black/horns growing/errors of personal identity/frightful black images/importance of others while he himself is lowly/insignificant/sees masks/men are coarse and vulgar/mission/paedophiles/persecuted/possessed/religious
superiority of others while he himself is lowly/unfit for society/threatened/is uncivilised/everything is unreal/vampires/visions/horrible, living dead/world is unsafe
Too much sense of duty
Estranged from society
Fear [alone/attacked/crowds/death/(foreboding of) evil (is possessed by evil)/something terrible will happen/invaded/men/noise/overpowering/rape/shadows/silence/sun]
Going out - aversed to
Haughty/thinks others humble while he himself is great.
Impulse to stab own flesh with a knife he holds
Impulsive to go shopping
Indifferent (to everything)
Memory - loss of/weak/periodic
Contempt for men
Prophesying/predicts death others
Prostration (after anger)
Quarrelsome at trifles
Religious affections/praying mantras
Rocking from terror
Sun, aversion to
Time fritters away his.
Two trains of thought
Weeping (easily/at sadness of the world/at trifles)
Tendency to fall
At turning head quickly/“As if brain turning suddenly“/on turning
Head: Constriction (of temples)
Pain (at night/after midnight/at 4 h./from anger/catarrhal/from obstruction of frontal sinuses/after eating Choc./after emotion/at touch/with vomiting/boring/pressing/“As if temples screwed together“/pulsating, wavelike/from sudden motion/from anger/from motion/from wine/in occiput)
Sensitive (r./to touch)
Eye: Pain - during headache (throbbing)/from anger/< touch
Vision: Flashes - like rods/looking down to the left
Ear: Pain (l./inside/< touch)
Discharge (green/yellow/from posterior nares)
Face: Expression, frowning
Pain [in jaw on tightening]
Tension in chin/in jaw (ext. temples)/in lip (lower/upper)
Mouth: Dryness (in morning/on waking)
Open during sleep
Salivation (tastes metallic)
Ulcers (inside lower lip/painful/palate)
Teeth: Pain [afternoon/pressing/of filling (r.)/upper]
Throat: Itching (sadness during)
„As if a lump“
Pain (sore/> singing)
Stomach: Appetite [constant/increased/wanting (morning)]
Eructations (regurgitation of food)
Nausea (at night/< fats)
Pain (> eructations/> passing flatus)
Abdomen: Pain (with flatus/< cabbage/aching/with leukorrhea/cramping)
Flatulence (in bed)
Rectum: Diarrhea (< at night)
Eruptions (boils in anus)
Sleepless (morning/and restless)
Waking (from thirst/late)
Bladder: Pain (during urination)
Urination: frequent at night
Back: Eruptions, pimples
Itching in lumbar region
Pain (morning/in bed after rising/on waking/in cervical region/from anger/on moving head)
Extremities: Cramps - lower limbs (feet)
Numbness -upper limbs (r./shoulder)/hands grasping anything
Pain [upper limb (shoulder - waking/> walking/ext. arm/aching)/lower limb (hollow of knee/> walking/foot burning)]
Tingling in upper arm while sitting
Female organs: Leukorrhea (clear/copious/painful aching in abdomen/thin)
Menses [copious (at start)/late]
Sexual desire, wanting
Dreams: bleeding/bridges/buildings/churches/clairvoyant/cloaked figures/defecating/urinating/drowning/water/red eyes/evil/flooding/flying/important people/litter/is on
Mission/naked/none/north/official buildings/precious objects/rape/robbers/scars/secrets/sewing human skin/snow/terrifying threats/unremembered/vampires
Generals: aversed to open air
Faintness with vertigo
Must hold onto something
Food and drinks: Desires: bacon/farinaceous food/fruit/sugar; <: cabbage/Choc./fats and rich food;
Lack of vital heat
Lassitude in morning
Weakness from slight exertion
Symptoms cured by the remedy:
Fears - attacked by overpowering men/to be seen
Lack of organization
Planning too much
Estranged from family
Delusions is divided
Ulcers in mouth painful on palate
Allerlei: Tory is an island 8 miles off the north-west coast of
It is a remote, not easily accessible island often cut off from the
mainland by the powerful seas. The western side is a jagged rocky outcrop. Here
large red streaked sea stacks rise from the thunderous waves, here sheer cliffs
fall off into the foam, here a natural
sea-hewn cathedral full of the song-cries of seabirds pay homage to Balor of
the Evil Eye/a Formorian Cyclops who dwelt on the western side of the island.
His people were giants who inhabited
Balor of the Evil Eye was the mightiest and most evil of the Formorians. He had one eye/its gaze was deadly.
Balor’s only fear was of an ancient prophecy which foretold his death at
the hands of his own grandson. He had only one child, his daughter Eithne. To
escape the prophecy he imprisoned her in a remote cave on the island. She grew
to be a great beauty and many men tried in vain to woo her. One day, Kian, a
Danaan champion secretly gained entry to the cave and seduced Eithne. An
outraged Balor discovered the truth when his daughter bore triplets. To avoid
his fate he threw the newborns into the sea. The two that drowned became the
ancestors of the seals. The third child had magical powers and swam to shore
unseen. He was raised by his uncle, a black-smith, who educated him and named
him Lugh (both he and Balor were sun gods; the blacksmith, may have been Lon
MacLiofa from the Seven Streams of Taosca legend). Lugh became a great hero and
possessed many talents and his son was the hero-god Cu Chulainn. At the age of
21 Lugh became King of the Danaan and prepared for a final battle with the evil
Formorians. Balor’s gaze killed all within his sight but Lugh was just out of
sight. When Balor's eye closed, Lugh hurled a stone from his sling just as the
evil eye re-opened. Balor died instantly, at the hand of his grandson, just as
prophecy had told. The remaining Formorians fled
There is a natural land bridge joining the eastern and western parts of
the island. The eastern side is more gentle and holds the two main villages of
the island. Colmcille’s crater is here, a large crater gouged from the earth
with a sea-arch through which the ferocious
It is reported that Saint Colmcille on his way to
Further to the east of the island is the burial place of the Gentle Saint of the North purported to be the daughter of a Scandinavian king. It is said that she, along with two sailors, was washed ashore during a storm in the far distant past. She was buried along with the sailors on the island. Her body was placed on the bottom and the sailors’ bodies were placed on top of her. The following morning, to the amazement of the people, she was found to have risen to the top. The people recognised her saintly qualities but to be sure the following night they placed her at the bottom once more only to find her on top again the next morning. She was a woman of delicacy, beauty, virtue and goodness. They then proclaimed her a saint. The clay from her grave is said to possess special qualities. It protects sailors at sea and it is said that if you sprinkle a little around your house you will be protected from danger and no rat will visit your house. No rat has ever been seen on Tory…