Lophotrochozoa = Molluscae


[R. Sankaran]

Verhalten: Rückzug, zusammenziehen, schließen.

Kontrolle oder Verbindungen und Kontakt verlieren.

Braucht Schutz und Verlässlichkeit.

Das Draußen ist bedrohlich deshalb lieber in eine Schutzschale zurückziehen.

Aber drinnen ist begrenzt, eingesperrt, beengend, erstickend.

Poppelbaum: molluscae corresponding to the head.

Jaworski 1932: emphasized the female genital organs and functions


Mollusks Annelida (unter Mollusca) Arthropoda


Mollusca Anhängsel. (Peter Morell)


Weichtiere (Mollusca), unter anderem Schnecken, Muscheln und Tintenfischen

Invertebrates whose soft bodies are usually covered with hard shells, such as with clams, oysters, snails, and slugs. First making their appearance some 500 million years ago, molluscs have adapted to an amazing range of environment. The phylum Mollusca is divided into six classes, of which the class Cephalopoda includes the squid, cuttlefish, octopus, and chambered nautilus. The modern cuttlefish appeared in the Micocene Epoch, about 21 million years ago, and derived from a belemnite-like ancestor.

The cephalopods, 'head-footers', are unusual invertebrates because they have evolved beyond the need for a shell. [Except the chambered nautilus the only type has a complete shell.] The cuttlefish, as well as the squid, have their small shell located inside the body, rather than outside. The octopus has lost its shell completely. All cephalopods are marine animals and all are carnivores.

Contrary to the sedentary life style of most gastropods, cephalopods are very active and highly mobile.

Like all molluscs, cephalopods have a soft body covered with a tough, skin-like layer called the mantle. The mantle encloses all of the body organs such as the heart, stomach and gills. Whereas gastropods have one muscular foot, cephalopods have 8 - 10 arms projecting from the head region. The body is elongated, with a distinct head area, well-developed eyes and a horny beak. All cephalopods have 3 hearts, a single systemic heart and two gill hearts.

The rhythmical contractions and expansions of the mantle cause a circulation of water over the gills where gas exchange takes place between the seawater and blood.

Freshly oxygenated blood from the gills enters the systematic heart, from which it is pumped out again to the tissues. The deoxygenated blood returning from the tissues

enters the gill hearts, each of which pumps the blood through one gill. The saliva of cuttlefish contains a toxin that helps immobilize prey; the toxin also appears to have a digestive function. It has a paralytic effect on certain animals and occasionally on man.

"Cephalopods have unique abilities which most molluscs lack. They are able to change the colour of their skin so that it blends in with the surroundings. Cephalopod eyes

have received a lot of attention because they are much more developed than other invertebrate eyes. They are more similar to vertebrate eyes because they have a cornea,

lens, and retina. Cephalopods can see images, an ability that is not found in other molluscs or any other invertebrates."

The eyes have a transparent cover and lid. They are set far apart on the sides of the head enabling the animal to look forwards and backwards, with a horizontal visual field

of almost 360°. To focus on close objects, the cuttlefish contracts the muscles around the eye which pushes the lens forward, away from the retina. To focus on distant objects, the cuttlefish relaxes the muscles and draws the lens inward. Minute hairs along the cuttlefish head and tentacles detect low frequency vibrations. This enables them to 'hear' and locate their prey. "Cuttlefish are well known to scuba divers for their inquisitiveness and lack of fear of the strange, bubbling animals intruding on their world. 'They will follow you round like a little dog,' one diver affirms. 'If you move gently, you can pet them and if you don't pay enough attention to them, they will keep following you.

Penny, one of our team who wears a red outfit underwater, swears that a cuttlefish was trying to have an affair with her one day, approaching, putting its tentacles out towards her, then withdrawing them shyly. Their eyes can focus images and distinguish colour, and Penny is a real mermaid."


Alle Mollusken: isoliert, bei Problem Rückzug und sich Verbergen; unbeweglich, einsam + eingeschlossen aber sicher im eigenem sicheren Schalenhaus.

 Self centered/Self Contained

 In my own world/My space

 Distance, disconnected from others, detached

 Isolated, excluded

 Lost touch, lose contact

 Lose excitement, life and liveliness



 Smash, Crunch, Break, Bash, Crack, Split Open, Shatter

 Fall, Hit, Beat, Strike, Bang, Thump, Bruise


 Pierce, Jab, Prod, Stab, Penetrated, Poke

 Break in, Break through

 Boring, Drilling

 Eating into, Corroding

 Swallowed up

 Sucked out, sucked in

 Drying out, left high and dry

 Float, Drift, Swim

 Not grounded

 Anchor, Fasten, Secure


 Sinking, pulled downward

 Sea, Quicksand, Whirlpool


[Otto Leeser]

Poppelbaum emphasized the molluscs as corresponding to the head

Jaworski emphasized more the molluscan note in the female genital organs and functions. The same note which is sounded in the formation of the uterus and vagina

sounds again in the realm of the cephalopods (squid/cuttle fish/octopus). Homeopathy has the remedy Sep. (= ink of the cuttlefish/= outstanding for migraine) and it

has an INfluence on the uterus and gyneacological functions.

[Mary Ellen Turner]

Duality that the outside is threatening so they go into their shell, but inside they are claustrophobic.


** Ringelwürmer (Annelida), unter anderem mit den Regenwürmern

Mollusks Annelida (unter Mollusca) Arthropoda

Arenicola. marina = Wattwurm, Pierwurm                       

Glycera dibranchiata = blood. worm/Fischköder. Berührung: lokale Schmerz; Bisse wie Bienenstich/enthält Atacamit. Quelle: Anglergeschäft

Helod-c. = Garden worm/= Hyper. - Schießen

Lumbricus terrestris. = Regenwurm/= night crawler/= earth-dragon.

* Hirudinae

Hir. = Sanguisuga officinalis/= Blutegel

    * Moostierchen (Bryozoa)

    * Armfüßler (Brachiopoda)

    * Igelwürmer (Echiura)

    * Einschaler (Monoplacophora) Meer. (Tiefsee)

    * Kahnfüßler (Scaphopoda) Meer

    * Muscheln (Bivalvia) Meer. + Süßwasser.x

    * Kopffüßer (Cephalopoda) Meer.


*** Porifera [Gewebelose/Porifera (= Schwämme)]: marine sponges

Euplectella aspergillum.x = Gießkannenschwamm

Spong. = Iod-ähnlich

                        Calliandra brevipes = Pink. Powderpuff/= Esponja/Fabales

Cynos. = Rosegalle/= Schlafapfel/= Rosenschwamm

Bad. = Flussschwamm/= Rhus-t-ähnlich+ < Bewegung/= Merc-ähnlich + entgegengesetzte Modalitäten


Vergleich: Enthalten: Calcit o. Sil;


** Cnidarians:

                * Blumentiere (Anthozoa) = Korallen

= Gerüst für Polypen/sieht aus wie Pflanze/Vermehrung (un)geschlechtlich (von Standort bestimmt/wachsen in vertikale Linien von Standort weg in alle Lagen + unabhängig von Licht).

Cor-r. = Blutkoralle/= Merc + > im Freien

Coral agatized [= mineralisiert mit Sil (= Chalcedon/Fossilien/Staatssymbol).

Petoskey stone = Hexagonaria percarinata (Fossilien/Staatssymbol Michigan).


** Actiniaria = Seeanemonen (= Seerosen/= Seenelken/= Aktinien)

                                                 Actiniaria = Fünfblättrigegruppe

Anemonia sulcata. = Seeanemone/= Wachsrose

Anthopleura xanthogrammica = giant green (sea) anemone

Heteractis malu

Stichodactyla haddon = Teppichanemone/= Haddon’s Sea Anemone

Stoichactis kenti. = sea anemone/Anemone waiting for prey looks like a beautiful open flower, tentacles swaying in the current. As soon as the tentacles sense a fish, the nematocysts fire, and the tentacles contract bringing the prey toward the anemone's mouth. = Sep + weicher/easily affected by the suffering of children/childhood/nostalgia

Amphiprion ocellaris


                * Stiel- o. Becherquallen (Staurozoa)

** Cubozoa = Quallen

Sind erste Tiere, das Bewegung ausführen konnte/das erste Tier mit Mund/Verdauungskanal/Muskeln/Nerven.

Enthält menschenähnliches Kollagen

Medus = Aurelia Aurita (moon jellyfish) Scyphozoa/= Mischung zwischen Nat-m + Sep/= Nat-m + nicht eifersüchtig/hat Hist-ähnliche Wirkung/= Ohrenqualle


Chr-fl. = box jellyfish/= Astac-ähnLICH.

Turritopsis nutricula = Qualle/= biologisch unsterblich


                    * Schirmquallen (Scyphozoa)

                   * Hydrozoen (Hydrozoa) = Polypen

Hydra viridissima = grüne. Hydra/zieht sich zurück bei Wasserverschmutzung/erneuert sich fortwährend/Kloner/Aquarien

Irukandji jellyfish.

Physal-p. = Portuguese man of war Hydrozoa


Flussperlmuschel Margaritifera margaritifera


Coral, sea anemones and jellyfish

Cor-r. (= red gorgonian coral) Anthozoa


* Einschaler (Monoplacophora, selten auch Tryblidia, ca. 27 Arten, Meer (Tiefsee)

                * Schnecken (Gastropoda), angegebene Artenzahlen stark variabel (Angaben 50.000-150.000), Meer. + Süßwasser. + Land Gastropods and sea shells

Mollusc themes. and Land Snail themes:


Quelle: remedia.at

Topaz = blauer Topas/= blauer Pyknit/= blauer Schneckentopas/= blauer Schneckenstein

Euphydryas aurinia = Abbiss-Scheckenfalter/= Goldener Scheckenfalter/= Skabiosen-Scheckenfalter Schneckentopas, blauer

Alfa alfa = Schneckenklee

Cepaea hortensis = White-lipped banded Snail

Tectus denetatus (Tect-den.) = gezahnte Kreiselschnecke/= Toothed Snail, gezahnte Kreiselschnecke

Cypraea eglantina = Kauri/= Porzellanschnecke

Patella vulgate = Common Limpet/= Napfschnecke

Cratena peregrina = Nacktschnecke/= Hervia costai

Helix spec. = geröstete Weinbergschnecke/Tb./= Helix tosta

Helix pomatia = Roman Snail/= Escargots

Murex (inflatus) = Purple Fish/= Purpurschnecke/= Murex purpurea

Calcarea helicis pomatiae ssp. = Weinbergschneckenhaus


Aplysia. = See.haase. = 1e Objekt Hirnforschung. = Schnecke

Arctica islandica.x

Arion vulgaris.x = Spanische Wegschnecke

Blat-o. hat gleiche allergen Qualitäte wie Molluscae

Cypra-eg. = Kaurischnecke/= Porzellanschnecke

Cypraea moneta Tauschwährunggruppe

Cypraea tigris. = Gehäuse der Tigerschnecke

Megalodonten (Fossilien.) = Kuh.-tritt./= Geissenfüßle. = als Schutz im Fundament eingebaut

Nassa callosa = Schnecke Bismarckinsel o. Duke-of-Yorkinsel Melanesien Tauschwährunggruppe. Landschnecke


* Muscheln (Bivalvia), ca. 8000 Arten, Meer + Süßwasser

Murx. = Sep + SexVERlangen + verzweifelt/verabscheut Sex + MensesFLUSS (= Tyrian purple dye).

Mytilus edulis. = Perle aus Muschel

Tudorella sulcata = Landschnecke

Venus-m. (= clam)


* Ostredae = Austern

Calc. = Ostrea edulis/= part oyster shell

Calc-c. = Calc + Warzen

Conch. = Mater perlarum = Perlmutt

Conchae. w


Rose. Perle [wird in Strombus gigas = Schnecke/= Queen. Conch Glücksymbol (Buddhismus)].

Perna canaliculus = Grünlippmuschel/hohes Gehalt an Glykosaminoglykanen (langkettige Aminozuckerverbindungen), die auch in der Gelenkflüssigkeit (Gelenkschmiere/Synovialflüssigkeit) vorkommen/= Nahrungsergänzungsmittel.

Pecten maximus = Große Pilgermuschel

Pect. (= scallop)

Pinna squamosa produziert braune Perle.

Pinna nobilis erzeugt Bhysus-/= Anker-fäden/= Muschelseide./= Sea silk Teuergruppe. Quelle: Chiara Vigo, Insel Sant’ Antic Sardinien Italien

Pinnaglobin (bindet mit Mn in Pinna squamosa) = Steckmuschel Tierisches Gewebe

Pistia stratiotes = Grüne. Wasserrose./= Muschelblume Quelle: Aquariumhandel Alismatales. Klonergruppe


** Eleutherozoen

            * Echinoidea = Seeigel

Echinoderms Anhang.x

            * Holothuroidea = Seegurke

* Asteroidea

Aster. = Bell + Angst vor Apoplexie/= Sep + Sexverlangen/= common red starfish

Acan-p. = Seastar/= Dornenkronenseestern/= Seestern/= crown of thorns starfish


***            Starfish and sea urchins = Stachelhäuter

The non-centralized nervous system allows to sense the environment from all sides. Sensory cells on the skin sense light/contact/chemicals/water currents. Higher densities of sensory cells are

found in the tube feet and along feeding canal margins. Red pigmented eye-spots are found at the end of each arm (function as photoreceptors).

Arabacia. fixula = Schwarze Seeigel

Echinocardium cordoratum = Herzseeigel/lebt im Sand unter Meeresspiegel/der Mund ist „Laterne des Aristoteles“.:

Echinarachnius parma = Sand-dollar Sterngruppe Meeresgruppex

Toxop. = Rosenseeigel/= Blumenseeigel

Arthropoda: Marine arthropods:

Lim. (= horseshoe crab) Cheliceramorpha

Hom. (= European lobster) Crustacea


***            Marine molluscs:

Teredo navalis = Köcherwurm/= Schiffswurm/= kokerworm

* Kopffüßler (Cephalopoda), ca. 786 Arten, Meer

Belemnite. (Staatssymbol Delaware)/= Luchsstein/= Blitzstein/= Pfeilstein/= Donneraxt/= Teufelsfinger riecht verreibend nach Ammonium/verwandt mit Squid (Fossilien)

            * Sepida = Tintenschnecken

sind alle scheu, ziehen sich zurück (Tintenwolke)/sind nicht giftig (können beißen):

Ammoniten = Fossilien.x

Nautilius. = Perlboote

Eledone cirrhosa. (lesser octopus) Octopoda

Onychoteuthis banksii (clubhook squid) Teuthida

Octopus vulgaris. = Sep. + halt suchend/= Krake Liebesgruppe:

Sep. = Nat-m-ähnlich + gleichgültig gegenüber Familie

Sepioteuthis sepioidea = Kalmar




Perla dulce = Süßwasserperle Schichtgruppe. Flussperlmuschel (= Margaritifera margaritifera) max. 14 cm groß. Sie bildet meist kleine, nicht ganz runde Perlen mit einem etwas schwächeren Lüster

als bei Meerwasserperlen aus und kommt in den Flüssen und Bächen der nördlichen Hemisphäre vor. Für das Wachstum einer Perle von 4 mm wird mit einer Wachstumszeit von 20 bis 25 Jahren

gerechnet, für Perlen von 6–7 mm mit 40 bis 50 Jahren. Extrem selten sind Flussperlen von einer Größe über 20 mm, die nur in über 250 Jahre alten Muscheln zu finden sind. Bei genauer Überprüfung stellen sich meistens die Perlen als Artefakte heraus oder das Alter der Muscheln entspricht nicht den Erwartungen. Die Muschel benötigt absolut saubere, kalkarme Gewässer, die im Urgestein

entspringen, und gilt deshalb als hervorragender „Umweltindikator“.


Aragonit. CaCO3 enthalten in Schalen einiger Molluscae

Arduin siehe Fossil.x

Conusschnecke Admiralitätsinseln Tauschwährunggruppe.x

Panopea abrupta o. Panope generosa = Elefantenrüsselmuschel/= Königsmuschel/= Geoduck/= Aphrodisiacum.x

r. gedrehte. Schneckengehäuse = Muschelhorn/ruft zum Gebet/ist eins der 8 Kostbarkeiten.x

            * Gastropoda

Abalone = Pauamuschel/= Irismuschel/= Seeopal/als Perlmutt verwendet/erzeugt Perle/als Räucherschale verwendet

Arion vulgaris.x

Janthina communis treibt auf einem Schaumkissen./lebt von Physalia. Neuston.x

Lymnaea stagnalis = Spitzschlammschnecke Süßwasser.x

Operculum [= Verschlussdeckel Turbo petholatus (= Seeschnecke.) = Maona Perle. o. Chinesiches Katzenauge./zeigt rötliche Wachstumsspirale]

Strombus alatus = Florida fighting. conch

Strombus costatus = Milk. conch

Strombus gigas = Queen. conch

Strombus = raninus = Hawkwing. conch

Schneckenachat Spiralgruppe. = Fossilien.x

Tudorella sulcata. = Landschnecke

Schneckenkönige. = Schnecken, deren Häuser in die andere, nicht arttypische Richtung gewunden sind.

Caridea = Garnele

            Justicia brandeguena = Baloperone guttate = Garnalenplant Quelle: Gärtenerei .x


Vergleich: Comparison: Astac. Aster. Calc. Ch-fl. Conch. Cypr-e. Elat. Hom. Lim. Medus. Murx. Pect. Sep. Ven-m.;

Comparison Rodents + Insects + Molluscs (Bhawisha Joshi)

Siehe: Meeresgruppe.



Vorwort/Suchen.                               Zeichen/Abkürzungen.                                    Impressum.