Oves = Schaf


[Chinese Year of the Sheep]

Sheep people are shy by nature and they never have ulterior motives for doing things. Other people’s problems take an emotional toll on them because they are inherently compassionate.

For the sensitive Sheep, it is extremely hurtful when someone takes advantage of them. If you are a friend or relative of the reserved and quiet Sheep — tread lightly.

The Sheep are perennial nurturers. They remain calm in all situations and love to take care of other people. They are very much like their animal counterpart: gentle, easy going, content and peaceful.

They like being part of a group as opposed to being the center of attention.

      The Sheep Child: Chinese Zodiac

The gentle Sheep child will be a treasure to his parents. He will love being cuddled, fussed over, petted and thoroughly spoiled. A sensitive artist and lover of beauty, he will appreciate music, poetry, sweet-smelling soap for his bath and all sorts of delicate trimmings that stimulate his fine senses. Ultra-dependent, he won't like to do anything for himself--if he can help it. Warm, soft, vulnerable and submissive, he likes being catered to.

Like little Linus in the Peanuts comic strip, he is most likely to cling to his old woollen blanket or, in case of a girl, her worn-out rag doll. He hates being teased and if strongly criticized or embarrassed in school he may not want to return for many days. He will seek out more dominant youngsters to take him under their wings. When he is feeling down, he will need loads and loads of sympathy to pep him up. His fertile imagination and morbid fears can actually make him ill. He can be easily influenced or adversely affected and will positively drown you with his sorrows when he is in a melancholy mood.

When ridiculed or rejected, he can withdraw into a magical world of his own and it will be difficult to lure him out. Food and comfort represent love and security to him. The Sheep will be in no hurry to leave home if he is loved and well cared for. When he does decide to set up housekeeping on his own, you can be sure he will do it with exquisite taste. He loves getting dressed up and has a flair for arranging things. Fickle-minded, inconsistent and trivial at times, he makes up for it by being extremely creative, modest and patient. He is very compassionate about the sorrows of others; when he is fond of someone, his love and generosity know no bounds. It will be rewarding to care for him as he will repay your affections a hundred-fold. It will be impossible to be cross with him for long. He may have his flaws, but he is still a jewel of the highest quality.

Don't be afraid of leading him by the hand or helping him make decisions. He will never get enough reassurance and, as a matter of fact, he may seek his parents' advice or approval on everything he does. Don't try to wipe the fairy dust off his eyes; or change him, mend him or rearrange him into sterner stuff. It will be useless, as the Sheep will always see life and the world through rose-colored glasses.

 [Chinesisches Sternzeichen Schaf / Ziege]

Manchmal findet sich auch die Bezeichnung Ziege für das chinesische Sternzeichen Schaf.

Die geselligen Schafe sind ausgesprochene Familienmenschen. Sie befinden sich ständig auf der Suche nach Sicherheit und halten gerne ihre Schäfchen zusammen. Deshalb sind sie auch stets bemüht, adrett, pünktlich und ordentlich zu sein, oder zumindest versuchen sie, einen solchen Anschein zu erwecken.

Alles Materielle ist den im Zeichen des Schafes Geborenen wichtig. Sie sind die Sparsamen, die zumindest stets bemüht sind, das zu erhalten, was sie bereits besitzen,

Schafe sind im Grunde ihres Herzens chaotische Individualisten, intelligent und voller Einfallsreichtum. Doch diese quirlige Energie ist ihnen selbst nicht geheuer, steht sie doch in klarem Widerspruch zu ihrem großen Sicherheitsbedürfnis. Und so halten sich die Schafe an alle Konventionen und blühen häufig erst richtig auf, wenn sie allein oder unerkannt sind. Dann sitzen sie in Unordnung und Chaos – und genießen dass. Schafe wundern sich, wie gut es ihnen gehen kann, wenn sie erst einmal aus sich herausgehen und auf nichts und niemanden Rücksicht nehmen müssen.

Schafgeborene sind friedliebend, zartfühlend und meistens freundlich. Sie können aber, einmal erkannt, auch kalt und verantwortungslos erscheinen.


China: Kindliche Pietät


[Eric Sommermann]

Milk of a Rambouillets-Hampshire ewe milked one week after lambing; collected by Beth Knudtsen-Spears (alumna) from a farm in East Central Minnesota; the farm is home to a herd of about thirty sheep.  Word sheep derived from Old English; sceap, scep, these words are of unknown origin; the more usual word for the animal is ewe, as a type of timidity, from Old English; the meaning "stupid, timid person".

Sheep breeding seasonal. Females in heat for just over 24 hours; become fertile in early fall and remain fertile through midwinter; males are fertile year round; both become sexually mature at one year.

Gestation averages about 148 days and most lambs are born in mid spring. Our milk came from a blended breed of Rambouillet (smooth-bodied, horned or hornless) and Hampshire (large, hornless, dark faces and legs) sheep. “Rambouillet sheep, [are a] fine-wool breed developed in France from the Spanish Merino sheep. It has become very popular in the United States and is the foundation of most of the Western range flocks. Intermediate to large in size, Rambouillets are the largest and strongest of the fine-wool sheep; the rams are horned, the ewes hornless. Besides being valued for their high-quality wool, Rambouillets are also good meat animals. The ewes are bred extensively on the range to coarser-wooled rams.

The bovids are the largest and most successful tribe which include cattle, sheep, goats, and antelope.

“Artiodactyls were once the dominant herbivores (plant-eating mammals) of almost every continent. They are an important link in the chain by which the sun’s energy, having been used by green plants, is made available to other forms of life. They tend to be medium- or large-sized animal. The success of artiodactyls has depended on skeletal adaptations for running and on the development of digestive mechanisms capable of dealing with plant foods; none is adapted to flying, burrowing, or swimming. The individual species tend to be fairly narrowly adapted, in comparison with other mammals, but many of them nonetheless have broad distributions.

Provide food in the form of meat and milk as well as clothing in the form of hides and wool, and in parts of the world camels and cows are still used for transportation. The evolutionary success of the artiodactyls may be attributed to certain adaptations of skeletal structures for swift flight and to the ability of members of the order to swallow food quickly and, in many cases, regurgitate it and chew it later."

Sheep are extremely skittish; they become stressed at the slightest provocation. Inclination to escape from anything perceived to be dangerous/flee unless they are cornered, and then the sheep will charge or threaten; an aggressive posture in sheep includes hoof stamping and charging. Newborn lambs demonstrate this behaviour as they are finding their place in the flock.

In a flock of grazing sheep there is little or no sign of dominance. In small domestic flocks, sheep will compete for small amounts of food by pushing and shoving rather than active bunting.

Sheep form strong social groups that are stable and the social organization of the flock influences grazing patterns. Animals are not randomly dispersed in any environment and free-ranging groups may exhibit extreme non-randomness in the use of resources, particularly vegetation. Young lambs form strong social bonds with each other or other objects (goats/humans/dogs/cattle). Sometimes a strong bond forms between two animals and they become mutually dependent. Sub-groupings form within a flock, common with larger flocks, and these smaller grouping become tight-knit and stay together. These small groups will graze closely together regardless of whether the food is better or worse in that area.  This can lead to under-nourishment in sub-groupings within a sheep herd.  These sub-groupings will always maintain a certain separateness within the herd. 

Sheep are very loyal to their social group, they have very specific home ranges (a geographic area where they normally live).  After joining a social group, sheep are never known to leave it. 

There is a complicated system of rank and an inclination to follow a leader. Older ewes generally dominate younger members of the herd. Despite this ranking and domination in the herd, sheep are very dependent on one another; they become stressed when separated from their flock members. The shepherd’s role is very demanding and requires great skill in tending to the needs of the entire flock (protecting the flock from predators). The predators include, but are not limited to foxes (Aplex, Urocyon, and Vulpes); coyote (Canis latrans); wolves (Canis lupus), dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), bobcats (Felix rufus); cougars (Puma concolor); black bears (Ursus americanus), brown bears (Ursus arctos) and grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). In the United States it is widely reported that the coyote is the leading predator of sheep and dogs have recently been the second leading cause of death.

Sheep have well-developed senses. Their long noses are filled with olfactory nerves to help them detect predators. Large ears can rotate to detect sounds from all directions. Big eyes, set on the sides of their heads let them see in many directions at the same time. One adaptation of living in a social group is safety from predators. With so many eyes watching for a sign of danger, a predator can be spotted sooner so the whole group can flee. Sheep are herbivores and grazing animals, they love to EAT!  Sheep feed primarily on grasses and sedges. In the winter they actually eat frozen grass, stems, lichen, and moss.

Sheep will often travel to mineral licks to eat soil. These are typically rocky outcrops where high concentrations of minerals are pooled. This replenishes essential minerals that the sheep cannot get from their daily diet of plants.

Since they eat a variety of plants, sheep have developed special adaptations for their eating habits. They have lost their canine teeth but have developed large, flat cheek teeth with raised ridges. When chewing, the teeth move side-to-side and front-to-back in a triangular motion to grind food. Strong lips and tongue are designed to grab and tear foliage and other vegetation. Special stomach chambers allow ungulates to digest plant material. Ruminants, such as Dall sheep, have a complex stomach made up of four chambers. One chamber has bacteria that ferments the food and breaks down the plant material for absorption.

After the food is fermented, the sheep regurgitates it and chews the food again. This second chewing is called rumination. After the second chewing, the food goes through the other three chambers and then to the intestines. It may take four days to digest a meal completely!

“Sheep are unique among food and farm animals in the way they utilize copper. Copper is required for all farm animals. Sheep are the most susceptible of all food-producing animals to copper toxicose. Copper nutrition in sheep is quite complicated. It is a required mineral for sheep, yet highly toxic. Presence or absence in the diet of sheep of other minerals and some ionophores affects the copper metabolism of sheep. Especially the level of molybdenum and sulfur in the diet. Molybdenum and sulfur act as antagonists to copper. The presence of these compounds bind with copper and prevent gut absorption and increase excretion of absorbed copper in the liver and body tissues. Molybdenum is often added to sheep diets to try to help prevent copper toxicity. However, molybdenum added at too high of levels can actually result in sheep having a copper deficiency….

Copper toxicity:

Acute: occurs quickly, shortly after ingestion of high amounts of copper.

Chronic: in sheep fed diets over a period of time that are marginally higher in copper content relative to level of copper antagonists in the diet. This could be over a period of weeks or months, depending on actual copper intake by the sheep. What happens is that sheep bind absorbed copper very tightly in the liver. Copper buildup in the liver occurs because sheep do not excrete copper from the body as efficiently as other animal species. When the liver becomes saturated with copper, tissue damage occurs in the liver and large amounts of copper are released into the bloodstream. This causes the death of red blood cells and subsequent tissue damage. Often, the first very noticeable sign of copper toxicity is dead sheep. This many times may follow some stressful event for the sheep. Prevention of copper toxicity is the most practical method of dealing with this problem“.

Thought to be descended from Mouflon, which are a species of wild sheep and one of the Caprinae or goat antelopes. Sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated by mankind between 9 - 11.000 years ago in Mesopotamia; this domestication has resulted in a permanent neoteny, which is a permanently slowed or delayed development in the species. This means that sheep are dependant on humans for their health and survival.

Sheep enabled human civilization to leave the cradle of civilization and venture into new lands and cooler climates.

Initially, humans relied on sheep for their meat and their milk and skins. It is thought that early sheep had hair, like goats; not wool. As people began to breed sheep they choose to make them hardier and breed them with longer and longer hair, gradually sheep developed wool. Humans began spinning wool in the Early to Middle Bronze age, around 3000 BC; enabling people to weave sheep’s wool it into cloth. Sheep are raised for both meat (lamb or mutton) and wool. However, the wool industries have seen significant declines since the 1970s, declining production and there are fewer and fewer sheep operations. Lamb and mutton are now seen as products in themselves rather than byproducts of the wool industry. This is a reverse trend from their original relationship with humanity.

Sheep’s milk is highly nutritious; it has a rich, bland, slightly-sweet taste. It contains minerals like calcium, phosphorus and zinc and many important vitamins; it is loaded with the enzymes that enable the metabolizing of calcium and it is much higher in total solids than either cow’s milk or goat’s milk. The proteins in humans, sheep, and goats, are very short, which is why babies and the elderly, people with asthma, eczema and other psoric skin conditions will often thrive on sheep's milk.

Sheep's was a staple of the Ancient Romans, who descended from shepherds, mixed with wine it was served as a drink and made into cheese that was mixed with herbs, honey, nuts, and fruits.

Sheep were sacrificed in Ancient Greece and Rome and these sacrifices continued in the Abrahamic traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Sheep were not sacrificed in Madagascar because they were believed to possess the souls of their ancestors.

In Judaism, sheep were part of Korban; and are featured during Passover and the ceremonial blowing of a shofar. In Christianity, Christ is known as the Lamb of God, sacrificed to free humanity from its suffering (Agnus Dei). The term pastor means shepherd, and refers to the leader of the flock of Christ, priests, bishops in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions, and ministers in the Protestant traditions.

George Frederic Handel in ‘Messiah’, composed the following: “All we like sheep have gone astray, All we, like sheep, have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; And the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all“.

Sheep are featured prominently in Ancient Greek mythology in Aphrodite’s relationship with Psyche and Eros and in the legend of Jason and the Golden Fleece. Aphrodite or Venus is associated with copper in astrological correlations; and Aries, the Ram, is the first sign of the Western Tropical Zodiac which has been associated with the return of spring and new beginnings in life.

The follow are common clichés that come from humanity’s long relationship with sheep: Big wig; Black sheep; Catgut (kitgut); Counting sheep; Dyed in the Wool; Earmarked; Fleeced; Gentle as a lamb; Pop goes the Wesel; Pulling the wool over someone eyes; Ram; Score; Sheepish; Sheepskin; Shoddy; Spinster; Two shakes of a lamb's tail; Wolf in sheep's clothing (Matthew 7:15); and Woolgathering.


Agn. = Mönnichspfeffer/= Keuschlamm

Agri. = Odermennig/= Bubenläuse/= Fünfblatt/= Kaiserkraut/= Leberkraut/= Klettenkraut/= Natternzunge/= immortal crane/= Brustwurz/= Schafklette/= Magenkraut/= Steinkraut/= Kirchturm/= Milzblüh

Agros. (= Kornradsamen/= rote Kornblume/Wurzel/= Zwijns-/schaaps-/ezelsoren/= Christus-/= Gods-/= schoonoog/= akkervlam/= steekneusken/= Bolderkruid/= muggenbloem/= orgelbloem/= corncockle (= Kornrade)/= Ackerrade/= Höllenkorn/= Klockenblume/= Kornnelke/= Kornrose/= Pisspöttken).

Am[m]on, the ancient Egyptian ram-headed god.

Epimedium sagittatus = rowdy lamb. herb/= Barrenwort/= Bishop’s hat./= fairly wings/= horny. goat. weed/= Yin Yang Huo Ranunculales.

Equis-a. = Ackerschachtelhalm/= Mu zei/= Queue de rat/= Kattensteert/= Zinnkraut/= (field) horsetail/= Akkerpaarden-/= Katte-/= Vossenstaart/= Schaafstro/= Tinkruid/= Dutch rush/= Szinkraut/= Akkerpest/= Frogpipe/= Horse Pipe/= Holpipen/= Puzzelkruid/= Legoplant

Erysimum cheiranthoides (= Acker-Schöterich/= Acker-Schotendotter./= Gänsesterbkraut/= Goldlack-Schotendotter/= Lack.Schöterich/= Ruderal-Goldlack/= steenraket Brassicales.).

Goss. = Baumwolle

Kalm. = Breitblättrige Berglorbeer/= Blätter/= Lambkill

Lac-o. = Schafsmilch

Lanolin. = Wollfett

Mill. = Schafgarbe/= Soldatenkraut/= Duizendblad/= Gotteshand

Ol-a. Hufen/Klauen von Hammeln/Rindern verarbeitet zu Knochenteer

Plan-l. = Spießkraut/= Lungenblattl/= Schlangenzunge/= Heilwegerich/= Wundwegerich/= Wegreich/= Hundsrippen/= Lügenblatt/= Lägenblatt/= Lämmerzunge/= Rippenkraut/= Rossrippen/= Siebenrippen/= Schafzunge/= Heilblärer/= Spitzwegeblatt/= Spitzfederich/= Wagentranenblatt/= Wegbreite/= Wegtritt/= Heufressa

Puls. = Kuhschelle/= Wolfspfote/= Windflower/= Osterglöckchen/= Schafblume

Rumx-a. = Schafsampfer

Rumx. = Krauser Ampferwurzel/= Amla vetasa (I)/= Yellow dock/= Krötenblätter/= Schapenzuring

Schaf = verwand mit Plan-m.

Spiraea-f. = Knolliger Geiß-bart/= Schäfernusz

Tarax. = Löwenzahn/= Saubleamle/= Saurüssel/= Saustochkraut = Pissenlit/= Dandelion/= Paardebloem/= Kamphool (I)/=Pu-gong ying/= Sonnekraut/= Augenmilkkraut/= Kuhblume/= Kuhlattich/= Krötenblume/= Mönchskrone/= Schäfchenblume

Thyr/Thyroid. w = Schilddrüse des Schafes

Thyroidinum (Thyroid)

Trientalis europaeum (= Schafschwingel/= Siebenstern./Ericales.).

Trif-r. = Rotklee/= Shamrock/= Himmelslust/= Schapeblume

Torfwolle Tantragruppe

Varicella Nos. = Varicellinum Nos./= Schafblatternnosode/= Windpocken


ZEIT ONLINE Jahrgang: 2014 Ausgabe: 43


[Christoph Drösser]

Schafwolle Reinigt sich Wolle von selbst?

Erfände ein Chemiekonzern heute die Wolle, würde das als Sensation gefeiert. Die Schafhaare haben Eigenschaften, die sie zu einem perfekten Grundstoff für Textilien machen. Wenn nur das Kratzen nicht wäre ...

Vergleichen wir Schafwolle mit der pflanzlichen Baumwolle, dann gibt es einige entscheidende Unterschiede: Während die Baumwollfaser Wasser aufsaugt, pitschnass wird und unangenehm am Körper klebt, besteht die Wollfaser aus zwei unterschiedlichen Teilen: dem Faserstamm, Cortex genannt, der bis zu einem Drittel seines Gewichts an Feuchtigkeit aufnehmen kann, und der Außenhülle, der Cuticula, die zwar Wasserdampf nach innen durchlässt, selber aber wasserabweisend ist. Deshalb fühlt sich ein Pullover, der schon Feuchtigkeit aufgenommen hat, immer noch angenehm trocken an.

Die abweisende Eigenschaft der Faserhülle sorgt aber auch dafür, dass selbst flüssiger Schmutz nicht in die Faser dringt, sondern auf der Oberfläche kleben bleibt und dort trocknet. Man kann ihn dann relativ leicht durch Bürsten oder Ausschütteln entfernen. Dabei helfen einem die Fasern sogar: Die Wolle "lebt" in gewisser Weise nämlich weiter. Da das Innere aus zwei Faserarten besteht, die unterschiedlich viel Feuchtigkeit aufnehmen und sich daher unterschiedlich verformen, reiben sich die Fasern aneinander und sondern so den Schmutz ab – die Wolle reinigt sich also insofern selbst.


Schließlich kann Schafwolle hervorragend schlechte Gerüche absorbieren und neutralisieren. Während ein Baumwoll-T-Shirt Tabakqualm- oder Schweißgeruch schnell annimmt und stinkt, riecht Wolle nach gründlichem Auslüften tatsächlich wieder frisch.


DIE ZEIT Nº 14/201427. März 2014 

 [Jens Jessen]

Wie ist das nun mit dem Schaf? Wird es eher unterschätzt oder überschätzt? Geht es auch ohne oder nur mit Schaf? Kennen wir überhaupt eine Welt ohne Schafe? Zunächst das Seelische: Wen ein frisch geborenes Lämmlein, das sich frierend unter die Jacke strampelt und an den Fingerspitzen saugt, nicht mit einem Gefühlssturm von Liebe und Zärtlichkeit überschwemmt, hat überhaupt kein Herz. Und erst

recht gilt dies für die Empfindung vor einer ganzen Schafherde, wie sie sich in weißen Tupfen auf einer Wiese verteilt: Wölkchen gleich, die sich nicht auf dem blauen Firmament, sondern auf einem grünen Himmel tummeln, Vorschein des Paradieses auf Erden. Wer wollte da nicht Hirte sein?

Das Schaf ist das biblische Tier schlechthin. Vom verirrten Schaf bis zum Lamm Gottes hat es die Heilige Schrift mit zentralen Metaphern versorgt und den semantischen Raum des Abendlandes geprägt. Nicht zufällig ist die Schafsgeduld der Engelsgeduld verwandt. Deutlich unterschätzt wird dagegen, dass Schafe auch den realen Landschaftsraum wesentlich gestaltet haben. Weite Teile Spaniens, vor allem aber Schottlands würden ohne Schafe nicht so aussehen, wie sie aussehen: nämlich weitgehend öde und kahl. Das Schaf hat alles gefressen. Oder sagen wir richtiger: Der Mensch hat durch Rodung alles so eingerichtet, dass sich das Schaf wohlfühlt und die Natur weiterhin kurzhalten kann.

Die historische Ökobilanz des Schafes ist eine Katastrophe; ganz so unschuldig, wie die Bibel nahelegt, kann es also nicht sein. Andererseits stellt sich die Frage, wer das Schaf überhaupt erst so mächtig hat werden lassen, und das war natürlich wieder der Mensch, der ewige Sünder. Es gab aber Anknüpfungspunkte für sein Treiben, starke Anknüpfungspunkte in der Natur des Schafes. Als Erstes: der Schafbock. So ein Widder, ein richtig ausgewachsener Widder, zählt zu den stärksten Tieren, bezogen auf die Körpermasse. Rangkämpfe können tödlich enden; und wehe dem Menschen, der sich unversehens als Konkurrent präsentierte. Sehr wohl aktenkundig sind letale Mann-Schaf-Begegnungen.

Und selbst ein kastrierter Bock, ein zu Recht so genannter Hammel, hat noch einen ordentlichen Wumms, allein schon vom Aroma eines Hammelkoteletts her beurteilt. Es essen ja die verzärtelten Jetztmenschen immer nur Lammnüsschen – aber wissen Sie, wie alt so ein Lamm überhaupt nur sein darf? Maximal ein Jahr, und das heißt, dass es sich um Kleinkind-Kannibalen handelt, die hier gar nicht mitreden dürfen. Wer es mit dem Fleischverzehr wirklich ernst meint, sollte sich schon dem Hammel in Pfefferminzsoße stellen. Bei meiner Großmutter wusste man immer, woran man war, sobald man nur das Haus betrat: Es verlor den Geruch ranzigen Hammelfetts niemals.

Was also beim Schaf als Gattung vor allem bewundert werden muss, ist diese einmalige Verbindung von durchaus robuster Natur und Seelenadel. Ein Schaf tut von sich aus niemandem etwas zuleide. Tut es überhaupt etwas, außer zu fressen? Das ist schwer zu sagen. Es guckt jedenfalls ausführlich und milde-wohlwollend – nun, wohin eigentlich? In den Himmel, in die Wiese, aufs Nachbarschaf? Ich würde sagen: ins Leere hinein. Es starrt ins Nichts, ins kosmische Rätsel. Das Schaf, zum Letzten, ist vielleicht das einzige Tier, das sich der Betrachtung des reinen Nichts aussetzt, so gesehen ein besonders mutiges Lebewesen. Vielleicht sollte man sich vom Opfer-Image des Schafes lösen. Oder sagen wir so: Seine biblisch bezeugte Opferbefähigung kommt aus metaphysischer Stärke.


Vergleich: Siehe: Haaren + Mammalia + Lana (Della Hedger)


Allerlei: Jesus/Christus. (verwandelte Wasser in Wein/Symbol: Lamm).

Lebt in Gemeinschaft.          



Vorwort/Suchen.                                Zeichen/Abkürzungen.                                   Impressum.