Depression

 

Vergleich: Siehe: Gemütsverfassungen + Blau + Anhängsel (postpartem: A.P. Williamson/Cynthia Schroer] + Anhang: (Lichttherapie/Ullmann) + Depression Anhang 2 (Mirjam Jenny et al./Jacquelyn Wilson/ZEIT ONLINE: Was ist normal?) + Edinburgh Postnatale Depression Skala (EPDS) () + Postpartum Depression + Antidepressiva

Sycotic characteristics in a depressive person/are among the positive signs that make suicide less probable. These characteristics obstruct psychotherapy as they contribute to a lack of flexibility.

 

Was ist eine Depression?

Zuallererst ist es wichtig, eine echte Depression von einer depressiven Verstimmung zu unterscheiden. Melancholische Phasen, Trauer und schlechte Laune kennt jeder Mensch. Eine Depression

dagegen ist eine Erkrankung, die mit Medikamenten behandelt werden muss – und kann.

Zwar sind die Grenzen zwischen der depressiven Verstimmung und der Erkrankung Depression fließend – ein Psychiater kann aber meist eine recht klare Diagnose stellen.

Mit einer echten Depression gehen meist körperliche Symptome einher: Kopfschmerzen, Rückenschmerzen, Verdauungsprobleme und anderes. Die Betroffenen sind antriebslos und können zum

Teil den einfachen Alltag nicht bewältigen. Sie haben die Fähigkeit verloren, sich zu freuen.

Diese Patienten können Probleme nicht mehr richtig einschätzen. Sie empfinden ihre Lage als aussichtslos – egal ob das objektiv so ist. Manch Leidenden plagen Suizidgedanken. Guter Zuspruch,

Erholung und Ablenkung helfen Depressiven in diesem Stadium nicht mehr. Nur ein Arzt kann dann helfen.

Das Kompetenznetz Depression bietet einen Selbsttest an, der erste Hinweise liefert.

Ursachen der Krankheit

Depressionen entstehen aus einem Zusammenspiel mehrerer Faktoren – und nicht alle Ursachen sind gut erforscht.

Eine erbliche Veranlagung spielt ebenso eine Rolle wie Umweltfaktoren. Stress, traumatische Erlebnisse und schwierige Lebenssituationen können den Ausbruch einer Depression begünstigen. Umgekehrt sind die Menschen sozial stark benachteiligt, die an einer depressiven Erkrankung leiden. Alkohol- oder Drogenabhängigkeit, Arbeitslosigkeit, Einsamkeit und sogar Obdachlosigkeit können die Folge sein.

Bei Menschen mit Depression ist auch der Stoffwechsel im Gehirn verändert. Der Kreislauf von Botenstoffen, die die Stimmung beeinflussen, ist gestört. Hier setzen fast alle Medikamente an,

die Depressiven helfen können. 

Hilfe für Angehörige

Spätestens wenn Reden nicht mehr hilft, der Partner sich zunehmend verändert oder mit Suizid droht, ist professionelle Hilfe nötig. Eine ambulante Psychotherapie oder auch eine Behandlung

im Krankenhaus sind Möglichkeiten. Wenn Angehörige nicht mehr weiter wissen, kann das SeeleFon eine erste Anlaufstelle sein. Auch eine E-Mail kann man dort hinschicken unter seelefon@psychiatrie.de.

Regionale Anlaufstellen und Kontakte zu Selbsthilfegruppen bieten die Landesverbände der Angehörigen psychisch Kranker, die im Bundesverband (BApK) zusammengeschlossen sind.

 

[Bhanu Sharma]

The common “Soda” of the shops Na2CO31OH2O

Chemical properties of Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11. It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Sodium is an alkali metal.  It is a member of group 1 of the periodic table, because it has a single electron in its outer shell that it readily donates, creating a positively charged atom - the Na+ cation.

Biological Role of Sodium

Sodium is an essential element for all animals and some plants. Sodium ions are the major cation in the extracellular fluid (ECF) and as such are the major contributor to the ECF osmotic pressure and ECF compartment volume. Loss of water from the ECF compartment increases the sodium concentration, a condition called hypernatremia.

In nerve cells, the electrical charge across the cell membrane enables transmission of the nerve impulse -an action potential- when the charge is dissipated; sodium plays a key role in that activity.

In humans, sodium is an essential mineral that regulates blood volume, blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium and pH.

An adequate intake of sodium is also required for optimal growth of fat, bone and muscle tissues. According to the study above, severe sodium restriction may negatively affect glucose metabolism and disturb normal blood viscosity.

Role of sodium on mental sphere

Researchers at the University of Haifa’s Department of Psychology say that people may crave salt partly because its main component, sodium, helps fight depression. The findings, published in the journal Appetite in April, could help us recognize the reasons for craving

To investigate what drives salt consumption, Leshem and Goldstein analyzed the results of the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a series of studies of the health and nutrition of people in the U.S. They found that women with less salt in their diet are more likely to be depressed, that depressed men and women are more likely to add salt to their food at the table.

According to this theory, more sodium means less depression, and less sodium means more depression (within certain unknown limits).

Relation between Serum sodium level and Depression

The Journal of Mood Disorders Volume: 4, Number: 4, 2014 published an article on relation between mood disorder and serum sodium levels.

Some authors have suggested that abnormalities in electrolyte metabolism can cause mood disorders. A few studies have demonstrated relationships between the metabolism of electrolytes and affective symptoms. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is any relationship between serum sodium levels and depression.

Methods: The study sample consisted of 42 patients with depressive disorders who were consecutively admitted to the inpatient psychiatric service and 34 healthy control subjects. In the patients group, 35 patients (83.3%) had major depression, 3 (7.1%) had psychotic depression, 3 (7.1%) had catatonic depression and one (2.3%) had seasonal depression. The serum sodium and serum creatinine levels were measured in a blood sample before eating anything in the morning. Urine sodium, urine creatinine and density of urine were studied in the first morning spot urine sample.

Results: Patients with depression had significantly lower serum sodium than healthy control subjects (p=0.04). There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of plasma creatinine, urine sodium, urine creatinine and density of urine.

Conclusions: The present study suggests that there might be a relationship between serum sodium levels and depression.

A 2008 issue of “Physiology & Behavior” featured a study that discussed various experiments involving induced hyponatremia that linked sodium levels and clinical depression. One particular experiment mentioned in the study involved the use of rat test subjects that exhibited symptoms consistent with depression after their sodium levels dropped below normal levels. The study posited a link between salt craving and mood. The study even suggested the possibility of salt being akin to addiction hence the negative effect of low sodium levels on mood.

 

Effect of sodium deficiency

Mood-related symptoms reported by the subjects included:

    loss of appetite

    loss of capacity to experience pleasure and joy

    difficulty concentrating

    excessive fatigue

    general sense of exhaustion

    depression

    anxiety

Interestingly, the researchers believed it is possible that changes in mood and appetite are among the first noticeable manifestations of sodium deficiency.

Salt actually becomes more palatable as a consequence of sodium loss, so when we become deficient in sodium, our taste buds play a fundamental role in restoring the balance.  People suffering from sodium deficiency typically report having a peculiar sensation in their mouth that is more commonly associated with thirst and with craving salt.

Antidepressants Trigger Suicide and Aggression

Researchers from the University of Copenhagen, did a review and meta-analysis of the relationship between antidepressant treatment and suicidality and aggression based on 64.381 pages of clinical reports. They found that pharmaceutical antidepressant treatment actually doubles the risk for suicidality in children and adolescents.

http://www.bmj.com/content/352/bmj.i65

 

[Diderot, 1765]

„Melancholia is the constant feeling of being inadequate. It is the opposite of cheerfulness, which arises from being satisfied with ourselves. It mostly results from a weakness in the soul and the organs. At the same time it is a consequence of specific ideas of perfection which we do not find in ourselves or others, neither in objects and pleasures, nor in nature”.

[Markus Treichler]

1.                  Suffering from self: guilt from being alive; Imperfection/not being able to meet one’s own goal, ideas and expectations.

2.                  Suffering from the world: not fulfilling expectations, it makes life difficult.

3.                  Suffering from the quest/search for meaning: Born from doubt about own actions/meaning of certain events (pain/life/human existence/the world).

[Aristotle]

“How can it be that all outstanding (of genius) in philosophy, politics, fine literature and art are evidently melancholics; some of them to such a degree that they fall prey

to morbid phenomena arising from the black bile (= cold by nature, can cause paralysis, frozen states, depression or anxiety if it goes beyond the right measure)?”

(Heros: Ajax, Bellerophon, Heracles; Philosophers: Empedocles, Socrates, Plato; Politics: Lysander) (modern times: Vincent van Gogh, Edward Munch, Kleist, Stefan Zweig etc.)

 

Die Manie wird teilweise als das Gegenteil einer Depression angesehen und ist die einzige psychische Störung, die von vielen Kranken als angenehm empfunden wird (weshalb sich wenige Betroffene auf eine Therapie einlassen. Verschriebene Medikamente werden häufig nicht eingenommen). Manisch Kranke haben meist eine heitere Stimmung und eine persönlich erhöhte Leistungsfähigkeit, die allerdings mit dem Verlust von Hemmungen und nicht selten mit Selbstüberschätzung bis hin zum Größenwahn einhergeht. Bei einigen ist eine extrem erhöhte Reizbarkeit festzustellen. Die Betroffenen haben oft verschiedene Gedanken gleichzeitig und können diese nicht richtig ordnen und verarbeiten. Im Größenwahn werden häufig finanzielle Verpflichtungen eingegangen, die im Normalzustand niemals in Erwägung gezogen worden waren.

 

Rajan Sankaran: 4 things needed for successful living;

Hope: when there is DESPAIR: Syph.

Independence: When absent develops an anarchist: Merc.

Morality absent = Aur-met.

Identity as individual; identity lost: Alum.                                   

 

Stress

Serotonin.x

Gemütsverfassungen:

Alternative zu Psychopharmika.x

Vergleich. Psora - Sykose - Syphillinie - Tuberkulinie

 

Depression: a sadness and lack of motivation. It displays the opposite of the mania with a lack of self-confidence and delayed mental activity. On the emotional plane the patient feels nothing. They cannot cry, feel guilty and accuse themselves, which can lead to thoughts and attempts of suicide. Apart from resignation, delayed mental activity, fatigue and a feeling of heaviness, anxiety may arise, which makes the patient appear restless and driven. In this stage we also see sleeping disorders. They are now caused by worrying and come possibly with an increased desire for sleep. Physically the patients become sluggish and the decrease in motion can cause constipation and problems with menstruation. Libido that was exaggerated during the mania is now reduced or non-existing.

A combined condition is also known, when both conditions take turns or exist simultaneously, for example manic restlessness combined with deep melancholy.

Sometimes, between the opposing phases, patients are completely free of symptoms and appear to be healthy. The phases of the disease can last 3 - 6 months or appear periodically at certain times (in spring/summer/fall and winter).

Clinical research shows that this disease does not diminish over time, but it continues in these phases.

If the course of the disease is unipolar, either only depressive or only manic phases can be seen (this is rather rare).

The cause of the disease is unknown. A genetic predisposition is assumed, which, prompted by external stimuli, excites the individual disposition. But also brain metabolism is most likely important.

The disease may be brought about by psychological causes or times of any increased stress.

The diagnosis of the disease is more unambiguous in its manic phase than in the phase of depression, which is „endogenic“.

 

Beschwerden:

- Gewichts-/Appetitänderungen

            - Schlafstörungen

            - psychomotorische Verlangsamung o. Erregung

            - müde o. Antriebsmangel

            - Empfindet sich „Wie wertlos“/SchuldEMPfinden

            - Konzentrationsstörung

            - Entscheidungsschwierigkeit

            - Selbstmordgedanke/-versuche

            - Gaumenproblemen: Passi.

 

Es gibt homöopathische Mittel, die nicht nur bei einfachen psychosen helfen, sondern auch bei schweren psychischen Störungen eingesetzt werden können, wenn sie individuell auf den Patienten abgestimmt sind.

Eine Selbstbehandlung auf homöopathischer Basis bei seelischen Krankheiten ist aus mehreren Gründen sehr schwer. Es beginnt schon bei der Auswahl der für den Betroffenen individuell richtigen Mittel (und in der richtigen Potenz). Zudem muß meist im Verlauf einer Selbstbehandlung eine Anpassung des homöopathischen Miitels an den psychischen Zustand des Betroffenen vorgenommen werden. Eine psychische Behandlung gehört deshalb in die Hände eines erfahrenen Homöopathen!

Wie oft in der Homöopathie tritt zu Beginn der richtige Behandlung eine Erstverschlimmerung auf. Diese Reaktion zeigt an, daß die Selbstheilungsregulation begonnen hat. Man sollte sie auf keinen Fall mit Medikamenten unterdrücken, da ansonsten der Gesundungsprozeß wieder unterbrochen wird.

 

[Matthew Wood]

Depression im Winter (+ Problemen dort wo die Sonne nicht hinkommt). Calen.

 

Homöopathische Beruhigungsmittel

Diese homöopathischen Mittel bewähren sich zur Beruhigung tagsüber, ohne daß man müde wird:

* Ph-ac. Nervöse Schwäche, ausgelöst durch Überforderung, Kummer und Sorgen o. Schlafmangel (Appetitmangel o./+ nächtlichem Schwitzen).

* Aven. Als Basistherapie bei nervöser Schwäche, bei Schlafstörungen und zur grundlegenden Kräftigung der Nerven.

* Coff. Wenn Nervosität in Verbindung mit Unruhe, mit Zittern, mit Kopfschmerzen oder Schlafstörungen auftritt, dazu psychosomatische Herz- und Kreislauf-            Symptome vorliegen.

* Ign. Nervlich bedingter Gereiztheit, auftretend mit depressiven Verstimmungen (+ Herzbeschwerden o. Sehstörungen) zusätzlichem Appetitmangel o. Druck im Kopf.

* Nux-v. Chronischen Nervosität durch anstrengende geistige Arbeiten, mit (Durch)Schlafstörungen, mit einem Benommenheitsgefühl, mit Kreuzschmerz o. mit Magen- und Darmbeschwerden.

* Phos. Mageren, hochgewachsenen, blassen Menschen, unter einer nervösen Schwäche leiden, die gereizt sind, die nicht schlafen können, die zudem an

Herz-Kreislauf-Beschwerden o. Rückenschmerz leiden.

* Valer. Nervosität o. Gereiztheit, Unruhe und Schlafstörungen, gegen Stimmungsschwankungen.

* Zinc-met. o. Zinc-valer. Nervöser Unruhe, auftretend mit Zittern/Zuckungen (Füße) mit Lähmungsgefühlen im Rücken, mit Gedächtnisschwäche o. Kopfdruck.

 

Homöopathische Schlafmittel

Gegen Schlafstörungen helfen teilweise die gleichen Mittel, die man auch zur Beruhigung am Tage einsetzt:

* Ph-ac. Schlafstörungen sind seelisch bedingt, dazu ausgeprägte Müdigkeit am Tag.

* Arg-n. Schlafstörungen durch Streß o. Überforderung.

* Coff. (Ein)Schlafstörungen weil man zum Schlafen nicht ruhig genug ist bzw. erregt ist.

* Gels. Schlafstörungen sind durch Überanstrengung verursacht, dazu Schwindel o.  Kopfschmerz.

  Gilt als "Psychopharmaka" in der Homöopathie gegen Schlafstörungen, verursacht durch Sorgen o. Kummer (auch Liebeskummer).

* Kali-c. Schlafstörung durch Schmerz o./+ 3 h. schweißgebadetes Erwachen.

* Nux-v. Gestörter Schlaf mit Aufwachen durch Nervosität, o. nach Alkohol-/Kaffee-/Nikotinmißbrauch.

* Passi. ist das Grundmittel gegen nervöse Schlafstörungen.

* Phos. gegen Schlafstörungen, verursacht von Nervosität, einer nervösen Schwäche o. durch Angst bei Dunkelheit (Kind).

* Puls. Schlafstörungen sind mit Müdigkeit am Tage verbunden. Sie werden manchmal auch durch hormonelle Probleme (Wechseljahre, Pubertät usw.) verursacht.

* Sulf. Schlafstörungen sind durch Arteriosklerose in den Hirngefäßen (Adern) begründet, besonders wenn im Zusammenhang mit heißen Füßen.

* Valer. Hauptmittel gegen Schlafstörungen (nervlich bedingter Unruhe o. bei Erregungszuständen).

* Zinc-val. Schlafstörungen, auftretend mit Unruhe, besonders mit unruhi (Beinen).

 

Homöopathische Antidepressiva

Hypericum Auro cultum w; tropfen             Winterdepression; regt Leberfunktion an; Neuralgien; zu Beginn einer Goldtherapie; eher für dunkelhäutige Typen. Ergänzt Hochpotenzen von Gold.

In der Homöopathie gibt es zahlreiche antidepressive Wirkstoffe. Allerdings müssen sie genau zu den Ursachen der vorliegenden Depression passen. Leichte depressive Verstimmungen kann man

mit den Mitteln aus nachfolgenden Liste zu behandeln versuchen:

Starke oder unklare Depressionen sollten unbedingt von einem Facharzt behandelt werden, da ein gewisses Selbstmordrisiko besteht!

* Aur-met. Hauptmittel bei Depressionen, manischen Depressionen, Selbstmordgedanken, dazu Herz-Kreislauf-Beschwerden.

* Cact. Depressionen in den Wechseljahren. mit Menstruationsstörungen, mit Herzklopfen und mit Angst.

Chamael-d found in stories relating both to the Creation and the origin of Death

* Cimic. Wochenbettdepressionen, meist nach einer komplizierten Entbindungen, manchmal auch bei Depressionen in den Wechseljahren, dazu verstärkter Drang, sich zu bewegen, Schwatz-/Launenhaftigkeit, mit Angstzuständen.

   Gall-met.: [Jeremy Sherr] post-traumatic stress disorder, severe grief and depression, its possible use as a resurrector from sudden traumatic death. This is a unique remedy – nothing can replace it when needed. A remedy for the world today with its roots in the dawn of mankind. And, no doubt, a polychrest.

* Hyos. Depressionen in Zusammenhang mit starkern Ängsten, mit Erregung, mit Mißtrauen allem gegenüber, mit Verzweiflung und auch mit Halluzinationen.

* Ign. Neurotische Depressionen in Verbindung mit starker Weinerlichkeit und Jammern, mit Nervosität und starken Angstzuständen, verursacht durch den Verlust einer nahestehenden Person.

* Lil-t. Depressionen in den Wechseljahren., dazu Gereiztheit, nervöse Herzbeschwerden, oftmals Senkung der Unterleibsorgane.

* Lyc. Depressionen bei verstandgesteuerten Personen, die ihre eigene Gefühle zu fest im Griff haben, zur Einsamkeit neigen und die Zukunft fürchten.

* Nat-m. Depressionen in Zusammenhang mit Ängsten/Gereiztheit/niedrigen Blutdruck, mit einer Neigung zur Verstopfung:. Auffälliges Verlangt Salz/Salzigem; Gefühl der Schwäche gegen 11 h.

* Nux-v. Depressionen in Verbindung mit ANGST und GereiztHEIT morgens. Oftmals bei Personen mit einer Neigung zur Perfektion.

* Ph-ac. Chronische Depressionen, zusammen mit Erschöpfung o. Angst vor der ungewissen Zukunft.

* Puls. Depressionen in Verbindung und überempfindLICH und weinerLICH. Oftmals in Verbindung mit einer unregelmäßigen Monatsblutung bei Frauen (jungen Frauen während der Pubertät).

* Staph. Depressionen nach einer Geburt, dazu treten Nervosität oder Gereiztheit auf, zuweilen auch eine Ablehnung des Kindes. Tritt überwiegend nach einer schweren Entbindunge auf.

* Verat. Starke Depressionen (nach harten Schicksalsschlägen) die nicht verarbeitet sind.

Spenglersan Kolloid A

Chelidonium w/Chelidonium e radice wa/Chelidonium e planta tota wa

Akute und subakute depressive Störungen mit Neigung zu subikterischen Zuständen, Unverträglichkeit von Fett, ekzematösen Hautveränderungen, evtl. entzündliche Lebererkrankungen in der Vorgeschichte.

 

Ign.: Bereavement

 

Aesc.: Depressed, irritable, head dull, confused/great sadness, irritability. Varicose veins, leg ulcers, hemorrhoids.

Bapt.: stupor, “arouse him and you get the impression he has been on a drunk. This is the first thought you will have in a baptisia case.”

Septic infections, ulcers Mental indications: melancholia with stupor; inability to think, mental confusion; illusion of divided personality; indifference

Berb.: Listless apathetic, indifferent/mind weak, forgetful, unable to sustain mental effort, melancholy, apathy. hepatic, laxative

 

Homöopathie gegen Ängste und Phobien

Die folgende Gruppe eignet sich nur teilweise zu einer Selbstbehandlung. Sie richtet sich gegen Ängste und Phobien. Falls diese nicht bereits das gesamte Leben bestimmen, sie also noch nicht schwerwiegend sind, kann man versuchen, die nachfolgenden Mittel zur Selbstbehandlung zu verwenden.

Ausgeprägte Angsterkrankungen sollten immer fachkundig behandelt werden!

* Acon. Angstanfälle, dazu Unruhe, Todesängste und Blutandrang zum Kopf bzw. Blutandrang zum Herzen.

* Arg-n. Angst, dazu Unruhe, auch mit Kopfschmerzen und Schwindel, dazu Herzjagen, verursacht durch Wetterveränderungen, durch Lampenfieber, vor Prüfungen, durch Platzangst oder Angst vor engen und geschlossenen Räumen.

* Ars. Angst mit Ruhelosigkeit, auch mit Gereiztheit und Erschöpfung. Todesangst und nächtliche Angstattacken bzw. auch Alpträume.

* Calc. Angst und Pessimismus, mutLOS/ERschöpft/kann nicht entscheiden.

* Lach. Angst vor Trennung, der Zukunft, Mißtrauen, manchmal verursacht durch Herz-Kreislauf-Störungen o. Hormonstörungen.

* Nat-m. Angst, verursacht durch Sorgen/Kummer/Konflikte/Streß, oftmals + Depressionen, < 10 - 11 h.

* Phos. Angstzustände durch ein geschwächtes Nervensystem, dazu kommen Schlafstörungen aus Angst vor Dunkelheit, auch starke psychische Erregung.

* Verat. Angst mit Gereiztheit, mit Unruhe, Angst vor dem Tod, mit Erschöpfung. Manchmal auch Wahnvorstellungen.

 

Cichorium Stanno cultum. w

Die Depression

Wenn man den erhöhten Cortisolspiegel als Ausdruck einer Stresssymptomatik misst, sind viele Depressionen stressbedingt. Hier verstehen wir unter Depressionen nicht Traurigkeit und große negative Gefühle, sondern die Erschöpfung auch seelischer Funktionen mit vielen „Lösigkeiten“: Appetit-/Freud-/Gefühl-/Willen-/Gedanken-/Libido-/Kontaktlosigkeit.

Dieser Mangel an innerem Licht, der oft mit einem Mangel am äußeren Licht, der Mangel an innerer Bewegung, der oft mit einem Mangel an äußerer Bewegung einhergeht, wie der Mangel an innerer Kraft sich in dem Mangel an äußerer Kraft spiegelt, ist nicht monokausal zu beheben.

Meteoreisen wurde schon erwähnt. Der Meteorstein (Pallasit), in dem das Meteoreisen sich mit zwei anderen lichtaktiven Substanzen verbunden hat (Silicium, das lichtsensibel macht und Magnesium, das Licht in Aufbauprozesse vermittelt, wie im Chlorophyll), kann eine Steigerung sein. Gold in verschiedenen Formen kann bei solchen Depressionen helfen (Aurum met. Präp. D10 Amp.)

 

[Dr. Margery Blackie]

Calc. has a very acute depression difficult to distinguish from Aur-met.

The great contrast you can actually rouse Calc. and LESS Aur-met. Another difference: Aurum has plenty of courage. I do not think that Calc. ever commits suicide.

 

People who are constantly under stress and battle anxiety, depression and other emotional difficulties may look no farther than their own mouths to discover the effect.

A new study by Brazilian researchers published in the August issue of the Journal of Periodontology (JOP) draws a strong correlation between gum or periodontal disease and psychosocial conditions and stress. Gum diseases may cause inflammation and infection of the gums, tissues and bones supporting the teeth. If left untreated, severe cases can lead to permanent loss of teeth.

"More research is needed to determine the definitive relationship between stress and periodontal diseases“, Diane Peruzzo, the study's lead author, said in a press release. "However, patients who minimize stress may be at less risk for periodontal diseases."

Peruzzo and her team reviewed 14 studies published in dental journals between 1990 and 2006. They found that a majority (57,1%) of the studies analyzed found a connection between stress (or psychosocial disorders) and gum disease.

The July JOP issue featured a separate study that attempted to explain possible reasons for the stress-gum disease connection. Researchers said that increased levels of cortisol, a hormone released into the bloodstream at times of stress, may trigger destructive action in the gums and jaw bone.

"Individuals with high stress levels tend to increase their bad habits, which can be harmful to periodontal health", Dr. Preston D. Miller, the president of the American Academy of Periodontology, said in a press release.

Blues carry a deep sense of melancholy, “a form of clarity tinted by emotions.

[.G. Jung]

Cnnected melancholy with an alchemistic, inner process of change, the encounter with our shadow.

[Mohinder Singh Jus]

Depression nach einer Grippe (Nat-ars./Psor.)

[Wolfgang Rissmann]

Incidence of depressive illnesses has increased considerably over the last years in all countries of the Western world.

Diagnostically can be differentiated between the depressive syndromes + numerous physical and emotional illnesses, and those which can be understood as depressive in a more narrow sense.

Bipolar affective disorder (ICD - 10 F31)

Depressive episode (ICD - 10 F32)

Recurrent depressive disorder (ICD10 F33)

Dysthymia (ICD - 10 F34.1)

Adjustment disorder: brief and prolonged depressive reaction, mixture of fear and depressive symptoms (ICD -10 F43.2)

These more narrowly-understood depressive disorders cannot, understood as an uniform clinical syndrome. Really is dealt with the most varied forms/with different causes/degrees of severity/clinical courses. In much the same way, no single unified Anthroposophic understanding of depression can be offered, but instead general disease processes described which can present themselves differently in each situation and always with individualized expression.

A first important insight into the human being is revealed through R.S.’s differentiation of 2 constitutional types, the hysteric and the neurasthenic constitution.

In addition, deep seated causes for illness can be found in functional metabolic disturbances in the lower man, the so-called organ picture disorders of the lungs, liver, kidney, heart, as well as other organs.

            A true therapy, in the sense of Anthroposophic medicine, will ultimately always need to be individualized. The method for this comes through a typological understanding of the being of illness and of the individual constitution, and also how these relate to typical remedies and healing methods. Not every remedy and healing method needs to be used for specific disease processes, but can also be primarily oriented through these kinds of typological criteria. They are intended to be helpful in a practical way for therapeutic work, but make no claim for completeness.

Naturally, an appropriate therapy for depressive illnesses will need to be comprehensive, and in addition to Anthroposophic remedies and external applications one should keep additional possibilities in mind:

Psychopharmacotherapy

Movement therapy (therapeutic eurythmy, gymnastics, dance therapy, other movement therapies, any kind of natural movement)

Art therapy (sculpture, painting, music, speech formation)

Work therapy, ergo therapy

Client-centered therapy, psychotherapy

An kind of social assistance

Self help groups

Pastoral care

 

Climacterium: Aurum/Apis regina comp. (wa). (Injektion)

 

Organ Diagnoses:

The Formative forces of all four major organs can be affected in depression. One particular organ disturbance may predominate, but several organs can also be affected at the same time.

In an Anthroposophical understanding of the human being, soul and spiritual experiences are attributed not just to the brain, but directly to the whole body. Out of this understanding, psychiatric disease is brought into relation not just with disturbed processes in the brain (neurotransmitter imbalances), but also with disturbed organ processes in the major inner organs: lung, liver, kidney and heart, in broader sense spleen, digestive tract, reproductive organs, endocrine glands.

Psychiatric diseases can go along with functional disturbances of these inner organs in various ways and to different degrees of severity. These functional disturbances are not, as a rule, immediately demonstrable in the laboratory, in histologic preparations, through radiologic studies, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging. It is more a question of the so-called “functional organ disturbances”, in other words disruptions of the etheric formative forces of the corresponding organs which are expressed in functional and psychiatric symptoms.  A precise medical history and investigation of medical findings can then lead to a functional organ diagnosis.

            The formative forces of an organ can be disrupted in 2 different directions:

1. psychotic afflictions. The formative forces of the organ are to some extent pressed out of the organ, enter into the inner soul space.

2. neurotic illnesses/personality disorders. Distant traumas (from early childhood/not properly worked through traumatic experiences remain lying at the border between inner soul space and the unconscious activities of the formative forces of an organ and therefore cannot be properly integrated). Resulting in fear/compulsions/depressive ill-humor/functional organ ailments.

 

Disturbed Lung Formative Forces

Medical history: History of pneumonia, tendency to bronchitis, predisposition towards tuberculosis, tendency towards other hardening lung diseases (sarcoidosis/fibrosis)

Characteristic of the solid organism: condensed, hardened, tendency towards stiffness.

Physiology: Disturbed sense of hunger and appetite, undernourished.

Psychiatric behavior: Coercive personality structure, with overly correct and pedantic thoughts and behaviors

Clear, abstract, mechanical thinking without an emotional component

Tendency towards pensive, brooding thoughts/tendency towards illusory, unworldly imaginations (history of Tuberculosis)

 

Symptoms: Compulsive thoughts and behaviors to the point of pronounced compulsions, impoverished imagination and sociability, dull brooding mood, with undertones of religious delusions.

Ferrum sidereum D20 

For fearfulness and poor drive

Application:  three times weekly in the upper arm for four to eight weeks

Urtica dioica Ferro culta Rh D3 dil. 

For pronounced compulsiveness

Application: at least 4 weeks, long term therapy is possible

Cinis Urticae Ferro Cultae D3 trit.

For pronounced compulsiveness and rigid temperament

Application: at least 4 weeks, long term therapy is possible

Mercurius vivus naturalis D12 trit.

Lack of flexibility in thought, difficulty adapting, illusory basic attitude

Application: 4 weeks at the most, then a pause

Pulmo D6

With pronounced compulsiveness in thoughts and activities

Application: at the beginning of any constitutional lung therapy for 4 weeks.

Compress: Ginger compress over both lobes of the lungs

 

Disturbed Liver Formative Forces

Medical history: History of hepatitis

Alcohol abuse/toxic exposures

Tendency towards sinus inflammations (maxillary sinusitis)

Characteristics of the fluid organism: Tendency towards local or generalized congestion of fluids, tendency towards a drying up or being soaked, overflowing

Physiology: too little thirst or overwhelming sense of thirst

Disinclined to eat sufficient fats, or fried foods/meat

Psychiatric behavior: Easy going personality with a tendency towards pictorial experiences

Phlegmatic temperament/pictorial, emotional, seldom rational thinking

Cumbersome thought process, with a tendency towards obstinacy and dogmatism

 

Symptoms: Primarily weak drive for activity and lack of will power, often + constipation and intolerance of certain foods.

Cichorium D3 dil.

For loss of appetite and clear diurnal mood swings

Application: at least 4 weeks

Cichorium Stanno cultum Rh D3 dil. or

For loss of appetite, diurnal swings and a tendency towards chronic depressive symptoms, history of inflammatory liver disease

Hepar-Magnesium D4

Depressive symptoms combined with severe exhaustion

Application: at least 4 weeks 3x weekly

Hepar-Stannum D4

For intermittent treatment and stabilization

Taraxacum Stanno cultum Rh D3 dil. and

Lacking vitality, dried out, adynamic

Application: at least 4 weeks

Chelidonium D3 dil., Chelidonium Rh D3

Tendency towards subicteric conditions, unable to tolerate fats and fried foods, eczema and inflammatory skin reactions

Application: at least 4 weeks

Chelidonium Ferro cultum Rh D3

Weak drive with irritated ill humor

Application: at least 4 weeks

Choleodoron Dil

Subicteric conditions, unable to tolerate fats and fried foods, difficulty getting going in the morning

Carduus marianus capsules

For a history of alcohol and other toxic substances

Application: long term

Hepatodoron tablets

Difficulty staying asleep, with pattern of waking about 3 a.m., diurnal ups and downs, tendency towards constipation

Application: long term

Compresses:

A hot, wet compress with yarrow, wormwood, or skin temperature compress with Oxalis essence

Organ embrocation for the liver

Stannum met. 0.4% salve (chronic conditions)

Ferrum met. 0.4% salve (for loss of will power or restlessness)

Oxalis salve 30% (tendency towards cramps, history of trauma)

Baths

Sulfur baths for dried up, sluggish, afebrile constitution

Oil baths

Oxalis oil

 

Disturbed Kidney Formative Forces

Medical History: History of inflammations of the kidney or renal pelvis

Tendency towards cystitis or ascending urinary tract infections/towards sinus inflammation (Sinusitis frontalis)

Characteristics of the air organism.

Entire organism is either too weakly or too deeply “breathed-through,” flat, or superficial breathing or congested breathing

Physiology: Need/urge for air

Feeling that can’t get enough fresh air, can’t completely breath in and out

Psychiatric behavior: Emotional personality with rash, temperamental mood swings, intense emotional experiences and affect

Tendency towards inner tension, overstraining, restlessness, nervousness, hectic

Erratic, superficial thought, determined by emotions

Quickly exhausted

 

Symptoms: generally restlessness, tension, agitation, inwardly vibrating, air hunger and emotional irritability

Cuprum met. praep. D6

Tension and restlessness combined with inner chill

Application: at least 4 weeks

Chalkosin D4 trit.

For tension and restlessness, especially when accompanied by over-functioning of the thyroid

Application: at least 4 weeks

Chamomilla Cupro culta Radix Rh D3  or Chamomilla Cupro culta Radix D3 dil.

Inner tension, which goes into a tendency for cramps in the region of the stomach and intestines

Melissa Cupro culta Rh D3  or dil.

Inner tension combined with fear and chill.

Application: at least 4 weeks

Equisetum arvense Rh D6  or dil.

Insufficient structuring in the lower human being with a tendency towards water retention and functional fluid congestion

Application: at least 4 week

Carbo Betulae cum Methano D6 trit.

Inner restlessness with bloating and a tendency towards diarrhea

Application: long term

Carbo Betulae D8/Crataegus D2

Inner restlessness combined with shortness of breath and heart problems

Application: long term

Compresses

Ginger kidney compress (inner restlessness, tension, air hunger, inner chill)

Equisetum kidney compress (fluid congestion)

Organ embrocation of the Kidney

Cuprum met. praep. 0.4% oil or rose-copper salve

Full baths

Equisetum tea

Oil Baths

Equisetum ex herba 5% oil

 

 

Disturbed Heart Formative Forces

Medical History: Inflammatory illnesses of the heart

Cardiac malformations.

Characteristics of the warmth organization. Disturbed: warmth formation, warmth distribution, ability to transform warmth

Physiology: Disturbed movement habits (not enough).

Deficient warmth formation

Psychiatric behavior: Personality structure with a moral tendency

Overly conscientious, fearful being

Tendency towards aggressivity

 

Symptoms: feelings of guilt, fear of death, aggressive irritability or also aggressive restraint

Aurum met. praep. D12  or trit., as well as D20

Feelings of guilt, anguish, fear of death, remorse

Concerned more with the despair of existence and those depressions whose solutions point to a transformation of life's goals and meanings. It has to do with the transformation of material into spiritual goals.

Application: long term

Leonurus cardiaca D3 Dil.

Anguish in connection with “heart restlessness,” pectanginal discomfort

Application: long term

Hypericum Auro cultum Rh D3  or dil.

Depressive symptoms with gloom, loss of perspective and life weariness, connection with existential „angst“.

Application: long term

Carbo D 8/Crataegus D 2

Fear with pectanginal discomfort and shortness of breath

Application: long term

Crataegus drops

Older adults with early cardiac insufficiency, shortness of breath and simultaneous fear

Cactus comp. II

Fear, combined with irregular heart rhythms or pectanginal discomfort

Salve application

Aurum Lavandula Rosae comp. (fearful restlessness and sleep disturbances)

Compresses:

Arnica essence (for fearful restlessness and pectanginal discomfort)

Oil Baths

Melissa oil

 

The relation of depression to the liver is obvious in the experience of Hepatitis/Sn and Fe have a special relation/affinity for the parenchymatous and bile functions. Stann-met. may arouse and unlock the torpid and paralysed will, Fe will serve more to fan it with enthusiasm and give it individual force to take its place in the world, to fight for its place.

There are of course many other remedies needed in depression, but these three give a certain orientation in penetrating the dark enigmas of this state. There are many preparations of these metals to choose from (vegetabilized metals: metals potentized by the passage through corresponding plants).

 

[Thomas Cowan, M.D]

There are many parallels between what happened with penicillin and infectious disease and the current story unfolding with SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors) and depression.

A primary parallel involves diagnosis. “Infections” are often not a primary event but rather a “cleansing” response.

So diagnosis of depression is fraught with difficulty. As with all psychiatric illness based on a kind of subjective grading of symptoms, no two “experts” will agree on what is the actual definition of depression.

The manuals of psychiatry give amounts of time and severity of symptoms, along with various somatic (body) reactions, but a constellation of symptoms is a different thing altogether than an actual definition of an illness.

The bottom line is that the diagnosis of depression is based on the subjective understanding of the illness in the eyes of the psychiatrist. As many authors have pointed out there is no consensus definition of depression, but the diagnosis varies widely across various cultures and has dramatically changed from an incidence of about one in 1.000 people in the pre-Prozac era to about one in eight or nine after the introduction of Prozac.

Also, there are no studies that show that Serotonin levels have anything to do with the phenomenon we call depression (see „Let Them Eat Prozac“ from David Healy for documentation of these facts).

In my practice of medicine over the past 20 years, people with an incredible array of symptoms have come to me saying that they suffer from depression. They include people with persistent sadness/sadness is the primary emotion they feel or at least remember that they feel. People with difficulty concentrating call this depression; people who are shy and have difficulty finding success in social life, people having difficulty holding a job, people being angry, suicidal, bored, or even those who are trying to starve themselves all relate to this title of depression. Each of these people have a legitimate complaint/and I would love to be able to help them come to a deeper understanding and healing in their lives; I just don’t think that each of them suffers from an illness called depression. What is it then?

Studying the history of the plant St. John’s wort = Hyper.

 

Thalidomid: erstes bromfreies Schlaf- und Beruhigungsmedikament ohne größere Nebenwirkungen galt die Verbindung Thalidomid - chemisch den Barbituraten ähnlich.

 

 

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