Vergleich: Siehe: Verdauungsunverträglichkeit
In constipation Nux-v. similar to several remedies:
Lyc.: has constipation with ineffectual urging to stool, but under this remedy, the ineffectual urging is caused by constriction of the rectum and anus.
Carb-v.: urging to stool similar to Nux vomica, relieved by the passage of flatus, showing that that was the cause of the urging.
Bry.: constipation results from dryness of the alimentary tract. The stools are large, dry, and hard.
Marked inactivity of the rectum characterizes Alumina. Even a soft stool requires great effort for its evacuation.
!!!Castor oil vapour acts as a purgative!!!
[H.C. Allen, MD]
Dr. John Patterson offers these instructions on using bowel nosodes:
“If I find a percentage of non-lactose fermenting organisms in a stool greater than 50%, I at once determine that the administration of bowel nosode is contraindicated, and experience has
shown that a nosode given at such a time produces a negative phase with a corresponding period of vital depression in the patient.” “Do not repeat a bowel nosode within three months”.
Constipation is defined as bowel movements that are infrequent or difficult to pass. At any one time between 6 and 30% of the population may report constipation1 and as a rough benchmark the “normal” frequency of bowel movements for an adult is 3-12 per week. At some stage, most people will experience constipation and its causes are many and varied.
In my own practice, the primary causes are stress, depression, a lack of exercise, water, dietary fibre or oil, not necessarily in that order. In its chronic form, constipation is usually a symptom rather than a disease, and in addition to the above, it may also be associated with anorexia, autonomic neuropathy, the use or overuse of prescribed, OTC or other drugs, hypothyroidism, IBS, diverticular disease, obesity, delayed defaecation urge, pregnancy, anorectal fissures or haemorrhoids, diabetes, scleroderma or spinal cord injury, to name just a few.
Dealing with the cause of the problem is obviously the best method of managing constipation but where the cause cannot be determined, the constipation fails to respond to initial treatment or it’s occurred without any notable concomitant pathological symptoms, homeopathy is worth considering. Over many years of treating this disorder, I and several noted authorities2-10 have found that great relief can be offered to sufferers of constipation by a small group of homoepathic remedies, the main prescribing features of which are outlined below.
Alum.: Often very useful with children and the elderly and is associated with constipation that may last for days or weeks, and is due to dryness and inactivity of the intestines where stools accumulate and are very difficult to evacuate, often reducing the desire for a bowel movement. Inactivity of the bladder may also be seen here as well as general dryness of mucus membranes and skin, debility, and a sluggish metabolism. Great straining is required to pass hard and dry stools, which may also be clay-like and stick to the rectum, and these symptoms often guide the homeopath to prescribe Alumina. Confirmatory symptoms include a sore rectum and a need to strain to facilitate a bowel movement. Evacuation is often preceded by painful urging. The sufferer may also have very little appetite, only swallowing small amounts of food at a time, and an aversion to meat. Symptoms are worse in the morning, worse on waking and from inactivity and better in the evening and on alternate days.
Bry.: Characterised by irritability and dryness of mucus membranes. The constipation sufferer who will commonly respond to Bryonia may complain of hard, dry, thick brown stools that may look burnt or bloody and they’ll often have little or no desire to pass them. There’s usually accompanying weakness, hunger, irritability, a dry mouth, thirst, particularly for large quantities of cold water, nausea a bursting or splitting headache, as well as sticking or tearing abdominal pain or colic. Symptoms are worse in the morning, from hot weather, moving the head or any sort of motion, and are better from rest.
Graph.: Stools here are not passed without significant straining and the appearance of the stools are quite characteristic- hard, large, lumpy stools that are joined together by slimy strings or threads. The sufferer may be chilly and overweight and may appear nervous, fidgety and timid. There may be a history of itching or burning skin disorders, burning haemorrhoids, rectal prolapse or anorectal fissures. <: warmth; >: drinking warm or hot milk;
Hydr.: chronic constipation, where it stands alone and seems to be the cause of other ailments. (Give the tincture in five drop doses.)
Nat-m.: Stool dry and crumbling and as with several other remedies mentioned here, dry mucus membranes are often seen in this remedy picture. There may be bleeding from the rectum or anus with burning and stitching pain following a bowel movement. Weakness and depression may be evident and the sufferer may also experience blinding headaches. Symptoms are worse from mental exertion and better from cold bathing and abstaining from food.
Nux-v.: Often an association here between constipation and the overuse of alcohol, coffee or other stimulants, as well as mental overwork, stress or a lack of exercise. Frequent and ineffectual urging to stool is usually seen here- sufferers feel an urge for a bowel movement and on doing this often only pass a small amount of faecal material, leading to a sense of incomplete evacuation. The sufferer may be overly sensitive or irritable, nervous and chilly and may be prone to liver congestion, congestive headaches and itching haemorrhoids. Symptoms are worse from mental exertion, after eating and in cold weather, and better from rest and in damp or wet weather.
Sil.: In this instance, constipation is often related to the retention of faecal material in the colon. A characteristic symptom here is that stools are only produced after much straining and on emerging from the rectum they soon retreat back into it. The sufferer is often anxious, chilly with poor cold tolerance and often experiences sweating of the head and hands as well as anal fistulae and haemorrhoids. Symptoms are worse before and during menses and better for warmth or in wet or humid weather.
Op.: Round, dry, black, pellet- like stools that are only passed on an irregular basis. As in the case of Silica, stools may emerge slightly and then recede back into the rectum. Sufferers often experience pain in the rectum and little or no desire to defaecate. Most physical functions in this instance are sluggish Symptoms are worse from warmth or heat and better from prolonged walking.
Plb-met.: The symptoms here may be consistent with intestinal paralysis. Hard, dry, lumpy, black stools or stools resembling sheep dung are a notable feature. The sufferer often + colic and anal spasms caused by urging, and mental depression may also be seen here. One of the guiding symptoms in this instance is a feeling as if the navel is drawn backwards towards the spine by a string.
< motion and > pressure.
Verat.: For those with constipation who have to strain vigorously to the point of exhaustion and a cold sweat to produce large stools. It’s often very helpful in infantile constipation and other symptoms such as mental depression or a sullen indifference, headaches, as well as coldness, weakness and vomiting, are useful in guiding the prescriber to this remedy. < wet or cold weather,
> walking or warmth.
Aesc-h.: “As if the rectum is filled with sticks, or sharp pains that shoot upwards”. There may be lower back pain < from walking or stooping. The sufferer may appear to be depressed and irritable and may complain of a burning anal pain with chills travelling up and down the back. Prolapse and haemorrhoids are often present, and these are particularly painful after a bowel movement. Stools are hard, dry and difficult to pass and there may be a feeling of fullness. Symptoms < standing/heat; > cold/moderate or prolonged exercise;
Sep.: Portal congestion. There is often sadness, weakness, a yellowing of the skin and a bearing down sensation felt internally. Constipation here is associated with bleeding and painful haemorrhoids, a feeling of fullness and “As if there were a ball in the rectum” > defaecation. Pains that shoot upwards may be reported. Stools are often large and hard, or appear as dark round balls connected by mucus. There may be a history of anal prolapse. Symptoms are worse from rest or prolonged standing and better from exercise or pressure.
c.: In this instance, Lycopodium is associated with a lack of muscular tone, eructation, bloating, flatulence, ineffectual urging. small, hard stools that are difficult to pass and after being passed there often follows a feeling of incomplete evacuation. Depression and apprehension may be observed here and the sufferer may complain of aching haemorrhoids that are very sensitive to touch. Symptoms are worse from heat and better from motion.
Calc.: Constipation associated with mental or physical overwork often responds well to Calc carb. The stools here may be large, chalky and hard at first and then pasty becoming liquid. There may be sour eructations, abdominal distension and a history of anal prolapsed as well as a desire for indigestible things. Symptoms are worse from cold and better from passing flatus.
Plat-met.: Constipation associated with travelling. There may be an associated abdominal colic. Stools here are often described as scanty, evacuated with difficulty and being like soft clay that sticks to the rectum. < from sitting/standing; > walking;
Hydr.: Atonic constipation resulted from the overuse of laxatives. The stool small, hard and fragmented. There’s often a weakness of digestion and liver congestion apparent here in addition to anal fissuring, rectal prolapse and haemorrhoids. Bowel movements are associated with spasms, and a smarting rectal pain that lingers long after the passing of stools. < cold air; > pressure/rest;
1. die Ernährung muss umgestellt werden: saftreiche und frische Kost, kochsalzarme Speisenzubereitung, gut kauen. Morgens nüchtern 1 Glas warmes Wasser trinken.
Schüßler-Therapie hat sich bewährt:
Nr. 3 Ferr-p. + Nr. 7 Mag-p. + Nr. 20 Kali-al-s. morgens, mittags und abends, 3 Wochen, dann 2 Wochen Pause und noch einmal 3 Wochen lang. Zusätzlich während der
Therapie mit der Salbe Nr. 7 Mag-p. abends den Bauch einreiben.
[Dr. Shreya Deshpande]
Types of constipation:
(a) Constipation with hard unsatisfactory stools,
(b) Constipation without urge to pass stools,
(c) Constipation with bleeding per rectum.
For all the 3 types, Homoeopathic Remedies like Nux-v. Bry. Calc. Aloe, Sep. etc. work wonders when other dietary precautions are followed as told by the doctor. Even the piles and
fissures respond very quickly to the properly selected Homoeopathic remedies by an expert hand.
Ägypte: Rezepte aus dem Papyrus Ebers
0,6 L Milch
300 g Honig
300 g Weizenbrotteig
Alles zusammenrühren, zum Kochen bringen, durchseihen und die entstehende Menge vier Tage einnehmen.
10 g Honig
10 g Zwiebelpulver
10 g Absinthpulver
Alles gründlich verrühren, daraus Pillen formen und 3x täglich einnehmen.
[Aart van der Stel]
Carpellum Mali comp. w Apfelkernhaus + Nußkernhaut: Spastische Obstipation des Kindes
Op.: In that very dangerous condition, strangulation of the bowels. There are violent colicky pains and vomiting of matters having a faecal odor.
[Pearl B. Wheeler]
Since the intestinal canal is governed by the two great systems of nerves, the sympathetic, presiding over the upper portion and the cerebro-spinal, taking charge of the lower; it would be but natural to think of a close association between this canal and all other parts of the body. Consequently, when a physician has a case of constipation to deal with, he finds but an index to disorders in the nervous system and the result and not a cause of trouble.
The character of the stool becomes a guide to the cure of distresses elsewhere, for seldom will there be found a case of real constipation without other symptoms in connection with it. The homeopath, who accurately chooses his remedy with reference to the totality of symptoms will seldom need to resort to enemata(enema), injections, etc.
Child: Abrom-a.: Hydr.: Senna.
Homeopathy is one of numerous energy therapies. Light is another, and each color has different effects. Yellow light stimulates the intestines. For ordinary constipation, obtain a clean glass jar and fill with pure water. Wrap it entirely in yellow plastic and expose it to the sun’s rays for about an hour. Dose: half a cup.
*Meny. - Bry. - Nux-v. - Verat. - Staph.*
Aesc-h.: Constant urging to stool or ineffectual efforts. Stools large, hard, dry and dark. Dryness of rectum feels “As if full of sticks”. Haemorrhoids with little bleeding. Constant back-ache
“As if it would break”.
After stool prolapse of anus with back-ache.
Alum.: No desire for stool. Difficult evacuation from want of peristaltic motion and dryness even when soft stool is passed requiring great pressing. Stool hard, knotty and scanty or soft and clinging to anus. Bad effects of lead, scanty and insufficient. Vertigo “As if every thing was turning in a circle”.
Agar.: Stools hard and knotty at first, followed by loose stool and finally diarrhoea. Itching, burning and redness of feet and hands as if frozen. Itching at anus as from worms. Violent cutting in abdomen and discharge of flatus with sharp stitching in liver. Painful drawing in pit of stomach. Hysterical subjects.
Am-c.: Stools difficult, hard and knotty. Haemorrhoidal tumors protruding before, during and after stools. Discharge of stool during and after evacuation. Can't sleep at night on account of burning.
Am-m.: Large, hard stool, crumbling after passing anus, requiring great effort to expel, then followed by soft stool. Faeces covered by glairy mucus. Giddiness with fullness in head morning (after getting up).
Ambra.: Frequent ineffectual urging to stool. Stinging, smarting and itching of anus. Varices of rectum. Haemorrhoids. Heat in head on alternate days with fear of losing his senses.
Anac.: Frequent urging through the day, unable to expel anything. Sensation as if rectum was stopped up with plug, “As if lump” had lodged in rectum.
The expulsion not taking place immediately, a painful twisting twitching is felt across the abdomen. Stools loose at first, then hard (Opposite: Agar. Am-m.) Pale color, violent pressing in region of right temple.
Ant-c.: Hard stool with difficult expulsion without previous straining. Alternating constipation and diarrhoea of old persons. Faeces too large. Milky white coating on tongue. Stupefying headache with nausea in the evening or after eating.
Apis: Prolapsus Ani. Hemorrhoids with stinging. Abdomen tender to pressure. Feeling in abdomen “As if something would give away” if he strained at stool. Great debility “As if he had worked hard”. Must lie down.
Bell.: Constipation with tendency of blood rushing to head. When stooping, blood rushes to head followed by dizziness. Plethoric individuals. Shuddering during stool. Stools in lumps like chalk.
Bry.: Constipation. Chronic constipation. Stools large, hard and “As if burnt”. Lips dry and parched. Thirst. Rheumatic tendency. Headache, as if skull would split by motion.
Calc.: Stools large and hard, sometimes only partially digested. White stools (Black: Opium, Phos. Verat.) increasing from day to day. After stool, gloomy feeling in head and feeling of faintness. Oozing of fluid from rectum, smelling like herring brine. Menses too early and too profuse. Scrofulous individuals. Violent itching of anus.
Carb-a.: Constipation. Unsuccessful desire for stool. Passes only very offensive flatus. During stool, pain in small of back with inflation of abdomen. Stools hard and knotty.
Carb-v.: Hard, tough, scanty stool. Labor like pain. Discharge of tough faeces in fragments. Violent urging with tingling in rectum and pressure in bladder. Burning in bowels and “As if diarrhoea would set in”. Great debility and weakness as soon as he makes the least exertion.
Caust.: Frequent and unsuccessful desire to pass stool, with red face and anxiety. Hard, tough stool covered by mucus. Shining as if greased. Stool too small shaped, comes off in pieces, Passes > while standing. Light colored (pale = Anac. like chalk = Bell,) white stool (Calc.) Writhing pain in abdomen, previous to stool. Excessive itching in anus day and night. Soft small stool, size of a goose quill. Constipation in children. Involuntary emissions of urine when coughing sneezing or laughing, frequent and urgent desire to urinate with scanty emission. Thirst.
Chel.: Stools in hard lumps like sheep dung. Suitable to persons with hepatic diseases, shooting pains from liver to back. Constant pain under lower inner angle of right scapula. Crawling and itching in rectum/reddish urine.
Chin.: Difficult stool even when soft: Dizziness and heat in head with accumulation of faeces in rectum. Menses profuse, bright or black and clotted. Discouraged.
Cimx.: Stools hard and in small balls. Stools with haemorrhoidal sufferings. Pain in small of back, extending over abdomen with distension of abdomen. After white stool, discharged in small pieces, rectum closes firmly.
Cocc.: Hard stool expelled with difficulty after stool, violent tenseness of rectum even to fainting. Contractive pain in rectum, preventing sitting.
Colch.: Extremely painful stools. Scanty evacuation even soft stool is expelled with hard straining in back with pain in back. Ineffectual pressing at stool. Feels faeces in rectum but can't expel them. Lancinating or lancinating-lacerating at anus.
Con.: Frequent urging without stool. Hard stool with tenseness (headache discharge of prostate fluids). Tremulous weakness after every stool. Stool passing off in open air. Frequent stitches in anus between stools. Involuntary flow of urine, suddenly stops and continues after a short intermission. Dizziness when turning in bed. Heat and burning in rectum during stool.
Cupr-met.: Suppressed stool with general heat. Obstruction of intestinal canal or violent evacuation.
Eup-per.: Constipation with catarrh.
Euphorb.: Stool like glue with previous itching of rectum. Burning sore pain around the anus. Itching of rectum during desire for stool.
Faec.: post-operative diarrhea, constipation or skin problems
Graph.: Stools hard and knotty, lumps being united by threads of mucus. A quantity of white mucus is expelled with stool or the faeces are covered with mucus. Stools size of lumbricoides. Humid tetters and eruptions.
Hep.: Sluggish of rectum. Stools hard or soft and insufficient. After mercurial dosing.
Hydr.: Stools lumpy, covered with mucus. Constant headache with piles, severe pains in anus and rectum for hours after stool. Fainting turns and heat in bowels.
Ign.: Difficult stool causing prolapsus ani. After stool a violent, stabbing, stitching from anus up into rectum. Constipation from taking cold or from riding in a carriage (from travelling Plat.) Grieving. All-gone feeling at stomach.
Iod.: Ineffectual desire for stool, immediately prompted by drink of milk. Scrofulous people with low cachectic state of the system. Stools hard, knotty and dark. Part of faeces retarded.
Kali-bi.: Habitual constipation. Painful retraction of anus. Stools dry, knotty, with burning at anus. Stools slate colored, bloody, coldness of extremities, debility and headache.
Kali-c.: Insufficient, soft stool. Constipation with distress and colicy, stitching pains an hour or two before stool. Too large sized faeces. Stools resembling sheep dung.
Passing of white mucus before and during stool. Large painful varices, inactivity of the rectum.
Lach.: Chronic constipation without any other ailments. Constipation of years standing Unsuccessful urging to stool, anus feels closed, faeces press against it at all times without passing, only flatus is passed, “As of lump lodged in rectum”. Sheep's dung stool with difficult, scanty discharge or tenesmus. Severe pains in back with constipation. Cadaverous smelling stools.
Lyc.: Ineffectual urging owing to contraction of sphincter ani. Small stool “As if much remained behind” (Part of faeces retarded: Iod.), Acid and heartburn with great drowsiness after dinner. Red sand in urine. Fermentation in abdomen.
Mag-m.: Constipation, stool hard, difficult and insufficient. Knotty, like sheep's dung, covered with blood and mucus. Stools in little round balls, crumbling as they pass the anus. Throbbing in stomach with dullness of head.
Nux-v.: Constipation with rush of blood to the head. Stool insufficient, black, hard, often streaked with blood as from inactivity of intestines, with ineffectual effort to go to stool. “As if anus were closed or too narrow” Large hard faeces. Piles, blind or bleeding. Frequent eructations of some bitter fluid. “As of stone or lump of lead in stomach”. Frontal headache. Sedentary habits. Pregnant women. Victims of drugs.
Op.: Torpor of bowels after chronic diarrhoea or from abuse of cathartics (Nux) Stools small, hard, black balls, that crumble as they pass, like excrement of dogs in small lumps. Constipation from fear or fright. Costiveness for weeks with loss of appetite. Inertia of rectum. Vomiting of stecoraceous matter in consequence of intussusception.
Phos.: Stools long, narrow and hard like a dog's. Very difficult to expel. Exceedingly painful cramps in rectum after stool. Constipation # diarrhoea. Very sleepy after eating (after dinner).
Plat-met.: Difficult expulsion of scanty stool, adhering to parts like soft clay. After lead poisoning. Constipation caused by travelling. Cramp like pressing in temples from within, outward. Low spirited and nervous. After expulsion sense of great weakness in abdomen or chilliness.
Plb-met.: Stools consist of hard balls made up of smaller balls. Constipation with violent colic. Sensation of constriction in sphincter ani with ineffectual urging.
Puls.: Constipation (faeces are large and hard) after suppressed intermittent fever by quinine, with menstrual disorders. Constipation consequent upon eating rich greasy food. Constipation # diarrhoea.
Ruta.: Frequent urging to stool with protrusion of rectum. Constipation following mechanical injuries.
Sabad.: Violent urging to stool with noise like croaking of frog. Must sit a long time before stool (which is enormous) is passed, preceded by immense amount of flatus, and followed by burning in abdomen.
Sars.: Obstinate constipation with urging to urinate. Desire for stool with contraction of intestines and excessive pressure from above downward as if bowels would be pressed out. Frequent scanty emissions of urine (at night).
Selen.: Stools so hard and impacted that they must be removed by mechanical agency. Faeces contain threads of faecal matter like hair.
Sep.: Hard, knotty stools, sometimes mixed with mucus with cutting pain in rectum. Unsuccessful urging to stool. Only wind and mucus are passed and “As if lump had lodged in it”. Not relieved by stool. Insufficient stool with tenesmus. Pressing stool does not relieve. Constipation during pregnancy.
Sil.: After much effort and straining stool recedes back in rectum after partial expulsion. Stools composed of hard lumps. Constipation of women before and during menses (Constipation before and diarrhoea after menses Graph.) Infants and scrofulous children.
Sulph.: Stools hard, lumpy, mixed with mucus, followed by burning pain in anus and rectum. Constant heat on top of head. Frequent weak spells. Constant urging pressing on rectum as if it would protrude, with pressure on bladder. Palpitation of heart. Fainting regularly towards 10 - 11 h.
Thuj.: Obstinate constipation as from inactivity or intussusception. Stools in hard balls. Streaked with blood. Violent pain in rectum during stool. Copious and frequent urination with burning in urethra. Offensive perspiration in anus at perineum.
Verat.: Chronic constipation, particularly in infants. Much straining with cold perspiration on head. Stool too large and hard. Inactivity of rectum, “As if paralyzed”.
[Dr. Subrata K. Banerjea]
Carl.: Stool passes when pressure is given either over the perineal muscles or by much abdominal pressure. (30C)
Casc-s.: Chronic constipation with rheumatic troubles.
Paraf.: Obstinate constipation in children (Alum./Nyct.). Chronic constipation with haemorrhoids and continual urging to stool. Evacuations as hard as nuts. Fatigued trying to expel stool. (30C)
Staph.: Obstinate constipation. Frequent want to evacuate, with scanty evacuations. (Q- 2 or more drops twice daily) can cure constipation (R.R.B. 286).
Sil-mar.: Constipation - use it for some time. The peculiarity of this remedy, is the ease with which evacuation is accomplished. (3x trit)
Vesp.: Constipation during menstrual time. Mental depression(30C)
Von Verstopfung spricht man, wenn weniger als drei Stuhlentleerungen pro Woche erfolgen. Dann wird der Nahrungsbrei durch Wasserentzug stark eingedickt und der Stuhl wird hart. Dies erschwert die Darmentleerung und kann Beschwerden verursachen, z.B. Völle- oder Druckgefühl im Bauch, Bauchschmerzen, Blähungen, Durchfälle mit Bauchkrämpfen sowie Analfissuren.
Die häufigsten Ursachen für Verstopfung sind:
Fehlernährung, z.B. zu wenig Faser- und Ballaststoffe,
zu geringe Flüssigkeitsaufnahme,
Stress und psychische Beeinträchtigungen,
Darmerkrankungen, z.B. Krebs, Entzündungen, Verwachsungen, Verengungen (= Stenosen), gestörte Bakterienbesiedlung (= Darmflora),
andere Erkrankungen, z.B. Diabetes mellitus, Multiple Sklerose, Morbus Parkinson, Autoimmunerkrankungen des Binde- und Stützgewebes wie Sklerodermie,
medikamentöse Behandlung, z.B. mit Morphinpräparaten, Schlaf- und Beruhigungsmitteln, Eisenpräparaten, Psychopharmaka, Abführmittelmissbrauch.
Umstellung auf faser- und ballaststoffreiche Kost mit hohem Anteil an Obst, Gemüse und Getreide;
abführende Lebensmittel in Speiseplan aufnehmen, z.B. Sauerkraut, Trockenpflaumen, Rhabarber, rote Bete;
Mindesttrinkmenge von 2-3 Liter pro Tag einhalten;
pflanzliche Quellstoffe (Leinsamen oder Weizenkleie), erhöhen das Stuhlvolumen. Um aufquellen zu können, benötigen sie eine ausreichende Flüssigkeitsmenge!
Wasser bindende Substanzen, z.B. Milchzucker, Lactulose, Glaubersalz sind als milde, nebenwirkungsfreie Abführmittel in Apotheken erhältlich;
Regelmäßige körperliche Aktivität: Optimal ist Ausdauersport wie Gehen, Walken, Joggen, Laufen, Schwimmen.
Verhaltensanpassung: z.B. Normalisierung des Lebensrhythmus, regelmäßige Stuhlentleerung, Entspannungsübungen, autogenes Training.
Brottrunk: Ein in Reformhäusern, Bioläden, Supermärkten erhältliches alkoholfreies Gärgetränk, hergestellt aus Getreide aus kontrolliertem Anbau, Sauerteig und Brunnenwasser. Es enthält neben Vitaminen und Spurenelementen auch aktive Fermente (Enzyme). Durch Enzymaktivität kann harter Stuhl aufgeweicht werden, wodurch Verstopfungen gelindert werden.
Probiotika: Sie habe sich zur Stabilisierung bzw. zum Wiederaufbau der ortsansässigen Bakterien, die für die Funktion des Darmes und der Schleimhaut notwendig sind (Darmflora), als sinnvoll erwiesen. Sie finden sich in Joghurt bzw. Sauermilchprodukten oder sind als Arzneimittel in Apotheken erhältlich. Sie sollten therapeutisch auf ärztliche Anordnung eingenommen werden.
Darmspülungen mit reinem Wasser (z.B. Klistier, Irrigator) sind eine altbewährte und nebenwirkungsfreie Alternative zu Abführmitteln und führen zu einer sofortigen Entleerung des Enddarmes.