Mehrere Miasmen

Homeopathy, Aids and its Miasmatic Identity.

Annäherung. an die Miasmen der Klassischen Homöopathie (Angelika Franz/Darius Ploog/Roland Methner/Anne Vervarcke)

Miasmen Anhang. (Roger Morrison)

Miasmen Fürworter Anhängsel. (Roger Morrison)

Miasmen Skeptiker Anhängsel. (Manuael Harand)

Miasmen und Einordnung der Mitteln. (Roger Morrison/Darius Ploog/Roland Methner/Anne Vervarcke) + Miasmenstrukturvergleich (Matthias Klünder)

Miasmen Illusion. (Roland Methner)

Vergleich. Miasmen und Kinderkrankheiten (Dr.-Ing. Joachim-F. Grätz)

Miasmen Anhang Kritik. (Roland Methner)

Isopathie/Autoisopathie Anhang.x

Miasmen und Zähnen. (R. Schule)

Nosoden + Miasmen.x (JJ Kleber/Peter Morell)

Stages of consciousness.

Tri-Miasmatische Mitteln.

Vergleich Miasmen in Kinder und Jugendlichen (Dr. Wolfgang Mettler)

Vergleich. Carsinosinum - Syphillinum - Tuberculinum - Leprominum.

Vergleich. Psora - Sykose - Syphillinie - Tuberkulinie


Anhang. 2 (Peter Morell/Dr. Trebin)

Anhang. 4 (Dr. Trebin)

Impfungen Anhang. 7 (M.S. Jus/Benjamin McRearden)

Zuordnung. der Mitteln nach Miasmen


[Tharushka Pillay]

2.5.2 Miasmatic Theory

This system of prescribing in Homoeopathy was created by Hahnemann, who realised that in a large number of cases, the patient would relapse after the administration of the correctly chosen remedy.

He concluded that there was an existence of a deeper, more fundamental disease process preventing patients from complete  cure  (Sankaran,  2004:263).  After  much  observation  and  study,

Hahnemann concluded that these deeper chronic disease processes followed one of three specific patterns, namely Psora, Sycosis and Syphilis which he named ‘Miasms’ (Eizayaga, 1991:288).

Patients could be treated with identified anti-miasmatic  remedies  which  he  systematically  grouped  thus  simplifying  each prescription by differentiation of similar remedies (Sankaran, 1994:21).

[Gaier, 1991:342]

A miasm is an underlying chronic or recurrent disease state, which may be acquired or inherited.

[Andreas Krüger / Falk Kuhfuhs / Michael Antoni / Heidi Baatz / Stephanie Engert]

Carcinogenie - Der miasmatische Weg - Siebtes Miasma

Parasitose - Der miasmatische Weg - Sechstes Miasma

Syphilinie - Der miasmatische Weg - Fünftes Miasma

Skrophulose - Der miasmatische Weg - Viertes Miasma

            Viertes Miasma - Die Skrophulose

Andreas Krüger:Miasma des Lebensanfangs und wird auch als "lymphatische Diathese" beschrieben, mit der Bereitschaft des Organismus, auf Belastungen mit lymphatischen Erkrankungen

zu reagieren. Während der Lymphe bis vor einigen Jahren wenig Beachtung zuteil wurde, hat sie in der medizinischen Forschung heute einen hohen Stellenwert. Jens Brambach: Beulenpest

die prototypische schwere Krankheit, die zum Miasma Skrophulose gehört - mit dem Thema Unabhängigkeit bzw. Individualität. Charakterzüge die von skrophulöse Arzneien brauchen, sind

Unmündigkeit und Kindlichkeit. Sie entsprechen dem Kern der Skrophulose als einer oral geprägten Störung der eigenen Verdauung (Assimilation).

Die Mitarbeiter um Andreas Krüger stellen verschiedene kleine, wenig bekannte Mittel vor, von denen einige dem Ursprungsmilieu des Lebens entstammen - der Urlymphe, dem Ozean:

Aq-m. (= Meerwasser), Silica marina (= Sand vom Meeresstrand), Ol-j. (Lebertran) und Aethi-a. (Verbindung aus Mercurius, Sulfur und Antimon). Michael Antoni: Verbindung der Skrophulose zum Aspekt Mond-Saturn, der Achse der Individuation.

Andreas Krüger: Trägheit, Abhängigkeit und Fettsucht und referiert typische skrophulöse Arzneien: Calc. (die Auster, das Urkind) und Sil., ein bewährtes Mittel der lymphatischen Diathese. Sein Vortrag nährt sich wie immer aus der eigenen Erfahrung und Praxis, lebensnah und voller Humor. Krüger stellt seine Arzneien nicht anhand trockener Symptome vor, sondern so, wie sie sich ihm mit ihren seelischen Problemen offenbart haben.

Sykose - Der miasmatische Weg - Drittes Miasma

Tuberkulinie - Der miasmatische Weg - Zweites Miasma

Psora - Der miasmatische Weg - Erstes Miasma

Akute miasma


[Patricia Hatherly]

Psora is recognised as the primary (fundamental) miasm and I think that Hahnemann got it right when he nominated but three miasms and Joe Rozencwajg (interestingly proposes that these 3 miasms

are not so much about the epigenetic imprint of grand diseases, but rather more about the three basic human metabolic pathways of homeostasis (Psora), anabolism (Sycosis) and catabolism (Luesis).

[Ruth Heather Hull]

Miasm: a “mode in which the body reacts” (Bloch and Lewis, 2003: 35). It can be described as a pattern, tendency or predisposition towards a particular type of disease and can be inherited or acquired.

[David Quinn]

Considered by H. the second of the chronic miasms (next to psora) is syphilis. I think the miasm of syphilis belongs to a group of miasms which also includes tuberculosis and leprosy.

These 3 miasms all have the feeling of being “unable” to be oneself. In each of these this disposition is experienced in a different way.

Tubercular miasm: "I am unable to be myself where I am because here I am restricted even suffocated, and so I must get to a different place and there I may be able to be myself".

Because this attitude eventually becomes free floating, then in getting somewhere else they will invariably experience the same thing and have the urge to move again. In this the tubercular miasm

creates a hectic disposition of always being on the move, as described in the materia medica.

Leprosy: belief that they cannot be and accept themselves because they consider who they are to be disgusting. This might have come about because of something they have done or they may have

become convinced of it by others. The strength at this attitude corresponds to the extent it effects them. The person here can be someone who would never do anything even remotely disgusting

and as described in the literature they can also develop a great deal of contempt for themselves and others.


[Sankaran’s extended Miasm model]

First there were 3 Psora, Sycosis and Syphillis -in Hahnemann’s days- then Tub and Cancer added. Now there are 10! That was my first response. The 3 or 5 miasm models are confusing enough,

this 10 miasm model is just too much and should be avoided. In Sankaran’s philosophy the miasms can be understood sytematically or conceptually - then the 10 items are not such a problem.

Sankaran’s miasms are descriptors of the deep sensation experienced by patient - they express the degree to which the patient experiences their ‘vital disturbance’. Kind of like and adjective describing

a noun. Lets take a simplified example: Looking at well known group of remedies (Compositae or Daisy botanical family), we find a common sensation for all members that includes feeling: injured,

hurt, insulted, etc. The question now becomes to what degree and in what way the patients experiences these sensations.

Acute miasm. = Arnica, the response could be: In sudden danger of injury, hurt or insult, there is an instinctive drive to escape now!

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Key words: fright, insanity, alarm, escape, danger, terror, panic, violent (Sankaran 2002).

The sensation is experienced as temporary, sudden, dangerous and life-threatening. Even though there is a threat to one’s life, there is hope of recovery.

An acute threat and reacts strong and instinctive. acute; sudden; violent; panic; danger; reflex; escape; helpless; terror; insanity; fright; alarm; instinctive.

The person generally reacts instinctively, and can panic or feel helpless (Sankaran, 2005b:268).

“Panic”. There’s a feeling of an imminent, acute threat and the reaction is strong against the stimulus (Sankaran 2002). The suddenness of all symptomatology gives a clear picture of an acute miasm.

Delusion of being killed, of being tracked by police, of dying from an acute disease is so strong that they become overly reactive in all planes. This is seen in people with fever, panic attacks and mania

(Sankaran 1994).

This miasm later added by Hahnemann and described in more detail by Kent (1995), characterised by an immediate instinctive response to a situation + high fever and bounding pulse (Sankaran, 1999).

Typhoid miasm.: which is between the Acute & Psoric (hopeful strugglers) miasms = Chamomilla: Facing a dangerous situation, if I do the right thing I will recover and escape injury.

Key word is: demanding, like the teething toddler.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Placed between the Acute and Psoric miasms. There is an experience of a sudden and temporary situation (as in the Acute miasm) but it requires a concentrated effort for a short period

of time (as in Psora). The situation is like an intense, short crisis which requires a period of sustained effort (Sankaran, 2005b:274). A critical situation which, if properly handled for a critical period, will end in total recovery. The reaction is an intense struggle against it. intense; recover; typhoid; emergency; homesick; sub-acute; collapse; impatient; critical

“Critical”. This miasm defines a critical scenario which must be handled carefully so that the outcome may be full recovery. The reaction is struggle against the critical situation. Key words: crisis, intense,

typhoid, emergency, homesick, sub-acute, collapse, impatience, critical (Sankaran 2002).

Psoric miasm.: so far no examples have been found in the plant kingdom. Key word: lack/life is struggle, but nevertheless I am hopeful of coming out the other side.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

A person can perceive a situation as a permanent stress, which often results in an instinctive and automatic response .There is a feeling of struggle and effort

with some hope of recovery. Therefore, it is a mixture of self doubt and hope (Sankaran, 2005b:270).

The feeling is that of a difficult situation where one has to struggle in order to succeed. Anxiety with doubts about his ability, but he is hopeful and failure does not mean the end of the world. He must struggle in order to recover or maintain his position. Fixed, irremediable weakness within the self. Attempting to cope with it and hide it from others; overs it up with egotism, compulsive acts, very secretive etc. fixed; guilt; hide; secretive; warts; tumours; gonorrhea; neurosis; avoidance; weakness; accepting; covered

“Struggle”. This miasm explains an event or situation which one must struggle with to become successful. In this miasm, doubts of being inadequate may arise but there’s much hope that all will be

alright eventually. In this miasm, struggle means a reward of better achievement later i.e. rising to or maintaining a position (Sankaran 2002).

Ringworm miasm.: which lies between the Psoric and Sycotic (fixed weakness) miasms = Taraxacum. I am in difficult situation where I alternatively feel hopeful (Psora) and then resigned (Sycotic).

Key word is: Trying and then giving up. An example from the Compositae family = Taraxacum whose expression could be according to Sankaran: “Trying to struggle with injury, hurt and insult sometimes avoiding it, sometimes accepting it”. Trying, giving up, irritation are common keywords.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Ringworm Miasm.: Placed being between the Psoric and Sycotic miasms. The sensation is fixed and permanent (as in Sycosis) but not irreversible. There is hope of recovery and struggle (as in Psora) with a reaction of intermittent acceptance creating a constant sequence (Sankaran, 2005b:277).

Alteration between periods of struggle with anxiety about success, and periods of despair and giving up.

“Trying”. Periods of activity, struggle for success # periods of no activity, despair and giving-up. Key words: trying, giving-up, irritation, ringworm, tinea, acne, discomfort, herpetic (Sankaran 2002).

Malarial Miasm.: has aspects of the acute and sycosis miasm. Thus it is like a chronic malaria state where there is an fixed (Sycotic miasm) underlying problem (parasitism) – which is punctuated from time to time by Acute attacks. An example from the Compositae = Cina. Sankaran suggests the feeling is: “Persecuted by injury and hurt”.

Key word is: Harrassed, hindered and persecuted.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Is between the Acute and Sycotic miasms. The sensation is felt as fixed and permanent (as in Sycosis) but there is also an experience of sudden, intermittent attacks (Acute miasm).

This gives rise to feelings of being persecuted or hindered (Sankaran, 2005b:275).

Acute feeling of threat that comes up intermittently, in phases, between which there is an underlying chronic, fixed feeling of being deficient. Characterized by sudden, acute manifestations that come up from time to time, followed by periods of quiescence. stuck; persecution; colic; paroxysmal; malaria; worms; migraine; periodicity; hindered; obstructed; torture

“Persecuted” (lies between an Acute miasm and Sycosis miasm). This miasm is defined by acute phase manifestations that come intermittently from time to time followed by relapse. There’s also a feeling

of being deficient due to an underlying disease state. Key words: persecution, colic, worms, periodicity, hindered, torture, obstruction, malaria (Sankaran 2002).

Sycosis miasm.: = Senecio. excess/I have a fixed weakness (not life threatening) which I need to hide to avoid injury, hurt and insult. Common keywords are: Fixed, cover-up, hide, guilt, secretive.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

The sensation is perceived as permanent but is not destructive. The reaction is one of acceptance, avoiding and hiding or covering up. The person cannot

do anything about the situation and tries to hide their incapacity from others (Sankaran, 2005b:272).

“Fixidity”. There’s an overall feeling of being submerged under a fixed, untreatable flaw within self. An attempt of living with the flaw is made, and it is hidden away where curiosity of the eyes cannot

reach. Safety is attained as long as the weakness is covered up so there is a tendency to being secretive. The fear of being exposed is high and this is also substantiated by fear of reprimand and open

criticism. Delusion of being thin, fragile and being made of glass is dominant as if their weakness can be seen no matter how hard they compensate to hide it.

Key words: fixed, guilt, hide, secretive, warts, tumours, weakness, gonorrhoea (Sankaran 2002).

Tubercular miasm.: between Sycosis and Syphillis. There is a feeling of oppression and that time is short, so my responses need to be hectic. Abrot. an remedy from the Compositae. From ‘An Insight into Plants’ Sankaran gives the feeling as: “Oppressed and suffocated by injury, hurt and insult”. Keyword: hectic, intense, suffocation, trapped.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Cancer miasm.: The general expression is that I need to apply superhuman efforts to maintain control and prevent chaos. From the Compositae there is Bellis perennis. Its expression could be: To prevent injury, hurt and insult I need to exert superhuman effort. Keywords: control vs chaos, perfectionist, beyond one’s capacity.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

This miasm is situated between the Sycotic and Syphilitic miasm. There is the fixed nature of Sycosis together with the destructive nature of

the Syphilitic. There is chaos which has to be controlled by a superhuman effort as there are limited resources (Sankaran, 2005b:278).

A sensation of being suffocated or trapped resulting in hectic activity to escape the oppression and break free, but with little hope as destruction is imminent (Sankaran, 2005b:279).

Weakness and incapacity within, and the need to perform exceedingly well and live up to very high expectations. The reaction is a superhuman effort, stretching himself beyond the limits of his capacity.

It is continuous, prolonged struggle which seems to have no end. Survival depends on it, for failure would mean death and destruction. control; perfection; fastidious; superhuman; cancer; expectation; capacity; chaos;

“Perfection”. Goals are set very high, may not be reachable via higher means but only by extremely higher means. In order to achieve these goals, they are constantly active and in control of everything in

order to achieve a high set goal. These demands far beyond their capacity and so a superhuman is created. Key words: control, intense activity, order, perfection and fastidiousness (Sankaran 2002).

Leprosy miasm.: I am disgusting outcaste, I should isolate myself. Lappa is an example from the Compositae. “Isolated, scorned and disgusted by injury and hurt” is Sankaran’s suggestion.

Keywords: disgust, contempt, isolation, mutilation etc.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

.: A sense of destruction, desperation and hopelessness as seen in the Syphilitic miasm, combined with the desperation and intensity. The feeling is of intense oppression, intense hopelessness, isolation and an intense desire for change. disgust; contempt; isolation; leprosy; mutilation; hopeless; oppression; dirty; despair; outcast; sadism; repulsion.

“Isolation”. There is a deep, intense feeling of isolation, worthlessness, hopelessness, of being an ultimate outcast, of being a dirty rag. Contact with people is avoided due to dominant delusions being hunted down to be killed, poisoned and destroyed. Suicidal and homicidal tendencies arise whilst in this state. Key words: despair, isolation, dirty, outcast, mutilation, leprosy, oppression (Sankaran 2002).

Syphillis miasm.: destruction/decay/deep seated/degenerative; ‘The task is hopeless, so my only response is to do or die’. Echinacea is the Compositae representative which specific expression could be: “Destroyed by injury and hurt. Death by from injury” (Sankaran’s Insight into Plants, Vol 1)1). Keywords: Destruction, homicide, suicide, ulcers, despair, psychosis are major.

[Edward Peter Phahamane]

Sensation is deep, permanent and destructive. The situation is perceived as hopeless and destructive. The reaction is usually desperate and extreme, often violent or drastic like suicidal

or homicidal impulses. There is a feeling of complete isolation and hopelessness (Sankaran, 2005b:273). A situation beyond salvage, leading to complete hopelessness and despair. In a desperate effort,

he tries to change the situation and the result is usually destruction. syphilis; ulcers; impossible; psychosis; devastation            

“Destruction”. This miasm is defined by destruction at all levels. Intense feeling of being surrounded by enemies who are out to cause harm and or destruction. The same suspicion high-lights their lack of

trust of anyone and impulse to kill anyone daring to contradict them even those close to them. Having lack of trust for anyone and living under this intense suspicion causes them to despair,

become suicidal, controlling, antisocial, indifferent and these features may be present with violence. Key words: suicide, impossible, ulcers, homicides, psychosis, destruction (Sankaran 2002).

[Edward Peter Phahamane]



Vaccinosis. a variant of sycosis [growths of all types (cysts/polyps/warts/tumors/cancer)/skin affections/lymphatic system/immune system/susceptible to fungal infections/susceptible to cold, damp weather/arthritis/affections of the blood etc.]



Cadmium. is to cancer what Thuja is to Sycosis and Mercury is to the Syphilitic miasm



In order to comprehensively discuss Protea cynaroides as a homoeopathic remedy, it is important to include a discussion on the miasmatic affinity of the remedy illustrated through the proving process.

Hahnemann (1995), through careful observation of the diseases presented by his patients, observed that although the illnesses were removed through the administration of medication, new diseases appear to replace those removed. This led him to conclude that the new disease is but a new manifestation of the old disease. The root of the disease, termed miasm, is a disorganisation of the vital force that could be acquired and transmitted genetically. These are responsible for all the diseases of mankind and are the roots of suffering (Norland, 2003b: 225). It is an inherited predisposition to develop certain disease symptoms due to the individual‘s susceptibility to those disease conditions (Norland, 2003b; Vithoulkas, 1998).

Based on his observations of the diseases plaguing modern society, Sankaran (1999) added:

 the Typhoid, Ringworm, Malarial, Cancerinic, Tubercular and Leprosy miasms. The Typhoid miasm lies between the Acute and Psora miasms and is characterised by an intense struggle against disease which will, if handled properly, result in total recovery (Sankaran, 2000: 450).

The Ringworm and Malarial miasms lie between Psora and Sycosis. In the Ringworm miasm periods of struggle and anxiety about success # periods of despair is observable (Sankaran, 2000). Intermittent, acute manifestations are characteristic of the Malarial miasm. These manifestations are followed by periods of quiescence (Sankaran, 2000: 451).

This is not only a European notion. African philosophy also hold the widespread belief that Motho ke motho ka Batho - a person is a person through other persons (Augusto, 2007).

Although no literature was available on the medicinal uses of Protea cynaroides, Protea repens has been used traditionally as an ingredient of cough syrups (Van Wyk & Gericke, 2007). It is the researcher‘s opinion that perhaps, because of Protea cynaroides’ ancient relationship to the African continent, it may hold the answers we need to the medical questions prevalent on this continent.

In response to this insight, Hahnemann (1995) formulated the first three miasms, Psora, Sycosis and Syphilis, based on the venereal and non-venereal disease patterns observed in the late 18th and early

19th centuries. The non-venereal psoric miasm is characterised by a cutaneous eruption, accompanied by intolerable itching (Hahnemann, 1999). Hahnemann viewed Psora as the fundamental cause of all other diseases (Hahnemann, 1999: 167).

The venereal miasms, Sycosis and Syphilis, each exhibit characteristics unique to the respective miasms. The sycotic miasm is characterised by cauliflower-like growths where there is a hypertrophy of tissues, whilst the syphilitic miasm exhibits a venereal chancre and tissue destruction (Hahnemann, 1999: 167). Where Psora is characterised by feelings of neglect and abandonment, Sycosis exhibits themes around attachment and Syphilis destruction (Norland, 2003b).

Based on his observations of the diseases plaguing modern society, Sankaran (1999) added the Typhoid, Ringworm, Malarial, Cancerinic, Tubercular and Leprosy miasms. The Typhoid miasm lies between the Acute and Psora miasms and is characterised by an intense struggle against disease which will, if handled properly, result in total recovery (Sankaran, 2000: 450).

The Ringworm and Malarial miasms lie between Psora and Sycosis. In the Ringworm miasm periods of struggle and anxiety about success alternating with periods of despair is observable (Sankaran, 2000). Intermittent, acute manifestations are characteristic of the Malarial miasm. These manifestations are followed by periods of quiescence (Sankaran, 2000: 451).

Between Sycosis and Syphilis lie the Tubercular, Cancerinic and Leprosy miasms. The Tubercular miasm is characterised by a feeling of oppression coupled with a desire for change in order to break free from the oppression.

A desire to attain perfection marks the Cancerinic miasm. This desire is in reaction to a feeling of incapacity which results in a drive to perform beyond the limits of one‘s capacity. The Leprosy miasm is characterised by a feeling of oppression, coupled with intense hopelessness (Sankaran, 2000).

It seems that the more modern miasmatic classifications described by Sankaran (2000) could be interpreted as an attempt to find answers to the disease manifestations predominant in the 21st century lifestyle. In the researcher‘s opinion, these cater for both first and third world societies - developed and developing countries. Hahnemann, however, strove to classify diseases into three basic categories to facilitate the understanding of disease processes and to assist in disease prognosis. The addition of more miasms, however, complicates the classification and is, in effect, counterproductive. They do reflect the complexity of living in the 21st century globalisation, where, (S. Africa), a practitioner would encounter both first and third world patients within the same practice on any given day.

Fraser (2002) observed that many of the important themes of modern day provings reflect the general issues of society. These provings contain a large number of common elements, containing themes that overlap with those that emerged from the proving of the AIDS nosode. This encouraged Fraser (2002) to develop the AIDS miasm as an expression of the disease tendency in modern society.

The main themes of the AIDS miasm are as follows (Fraser, 2002: 73-4; Norland, 2003b: 158):

Connection - with the divine and with other people, evident in symptoms such as being sympathetic and sensitive, with nature and a feeling of expansion

Responsibility - Responsible for the welfare of others (children)

Disconnection - A feeling of not belonging, being isolated or detached or experiencing the need to be alone. “As if in a dream or on drugs”. The individuals are slow, passive and dull, feeling rejected, betrayed or persecuted with resultant suspicion and loss of identity

Indifference - Feelings of apathy, despair, selfishness and cruelty

Dispersion - Sensation of things coming out, of growth. Themes of water, waves, thirst and dryness, of circles and clouds. A sensation of lack of substance, emptiness, floating and flying; of hearing music or of travelling through space. Also thoughts of travel, but rushing around

Instability - Oversensitivity to all stimuli and childishness. Themes of chaos and order and the loss of structure

Extremes - Themes of tallness, nobility, strength and hardness, excess and extravagance and changes in appetite

Confusion - Confusion of senses, vanishing of thoughts, forgetfulness, confusion of identity, confusion about time, confusion about words with difficulty concentrating

Femininisation - Feminine themes of left sidedness, motherhood and pregnancy and sexuality

Vulnerability - Images of babies and children, danger and violence, rape, abuse, fear and paranoia. There is a need for privacy and secrecy. They feel trapped, fragile, weak and dependent, as if they can‘t cope. The opposite is also true with feelings of invulnerability and recklessness

Discontent - They feel restless, frustrated and irritable. They are easily offended, reacting violently with a desire to kill

Infection - Symptoms like influenza, coupled with themes of dirt, worms and vermin. They feel contaminated or fear that they will contaminate others

Confidence - Lack of confidence, where they feel old, ugly and shy. There are feelings of shame and humiliation, resulting in self hatred and self harm.

On the other side there is confidence where they feel relaxed, serene, content and elated

Boundaries and Obstruction - Obstruction of senses with images of houses, portals and death. There are issues around the skin and touch. There is also

a loss of protection or shell or wall, leaving them feeling exposed

Childhood - Thoughts of a remembered childhood and feelings of playfulness

Dream themes - Themes of houses (ornate or ramshackle), staircases, teeth, snow, septic state, children, transport, travelling, wood, metal and water. The colour red is prominent. Themes of violence, with feelings of panic, responsibility, anger, irritability, fear, rushing and of being busy

A comparison of the materia medica of Protea cynaroides and the common themes listed above would reveal whether the remedy falls within these parameters. It would give an indication whether Fraser‘s (2002) observations are globally applicable or only evident in the developed countries his observations were based on.

The general theme in the extended miasm model is that more of a related continuum: going from Hopeful (psora) to totally desperate (Syphillis). Dr. Ashley Ross describes it as like a train line, with the miasms the railway stations on the track of desperation.

What is the utility of all the miasms? In depth case taking (sensation level) we may come up with a sensitive patient (plant Kingdom) who has expressions of injured, hurt, insulted (Compositae Sub-kingdom). This a large remedy group, which to use? Observing the miasm ie. nature and extent of the family expression helps nail down the remedy (small remedy).

To reiterate the miasm is not seperate from the remedy. It is just a way of classifying remedies. It is like an adjective describing a noun e.g. a short boy. Both elements are needed to accurately describe

the subject. Short by itself is meaningless and boy by itself is too general.

It does take time to recognize the miasm in the remedy. Reading cured cases helps, watching video cases is even better. It is important to study the keywords and maps of the model as well.


[Carola und Ravi Roy]

Der Begriff Miasma wird außer in der Homöopathie in der medizinischen Welt nicht mehr benutzt. Interessanterweise taucht in der englischsprachigen nicht-medizinischen Literatur

der letzten zehn Jahre gelegentlich dieses Wort wieder auf. Vor 150 Jahren war es noch geläufig und drückte das „unfassbar Krankmachende" aus. Im medizinischen Sprachgebrauch

bedeutet es „das Verunreinigende". Miasma ist ein griechisches Wort, das unverändert übernommen wurde und auch „beflecken" heißt. In der Medizin wurde seit jeher geglaubt, dass

ein Miasma direkt krankmachend auf die Lebenskraft wirkt. Hahnemann war aber der erste, der die chronischen Miasmen richtig definierte und sie als die Grundursache aller

Krankheiten darstellte. Die Miasmen waren nach damaliger Meinung umstimmende Kräfte, welche, wenn sie einmal die Lebenskraft in ihren Bann gezogen hatten, nicht mehr mit den

„normalen", d.h. materiellen Methoden (Medikamente etc.) zu beseitigen waren.

Dazu muss auf einer ähnlichen Ebene der Lebenskraft gearbeitet werden, z.B. mit der Alchemie und der Homöopathie.

Doch wie immer manifestieren sich in der materiellen Welt nach der Entdeckung eines geistigen Prinzips die gegnerischen Kräfte. Dies hält die Ungläubigen im Bann der Materie.

Im Jahre 1828 veröffentlichte Hahnemann seine Miasmentheorie und stellte die These auf, dass die Psora, deren Grundlage die Krätze ist, die Ursache aller Krankheiten ist.

Bereits zwei Jahre später, 1830, wurde die Milbe Acarus scabiei als Erreger der Krätze (Psora) entdeckt. Für materialistisch Denkende bedeutete dies den Todesstoß der Miasmentheorie.

H. Auf Seite 8 der „Chronischen Krankheiten" „Nach und nach lernte ich hilfreichere Mittel gegen das Ur-Übel, welche so viele Leiden erzeugt, zu finden".

Dieses Ur-Übel nannte Hahnemann die Psora, die innere Krätzekrankheit mit oder ohne Hautausschlag. Mit der Entdeckung von Bakterien kam die Mehrheit der Menschen noch mehr

zu einer materiellen Betrachtung von Krankheiten. Die Seele, die Lebenskraft, als die waltende Kraft über unser Leben und Wohlbefinden verlor immer mehr an Bedeutung.

Das ist der Grund, warum die Homöopathie es so schwer hat und die Miasmentheorie noch viel schwerer.

Die Homöopathie sieht den Menschen als eine Einheit von Körper, Geist und Seele, die sein Wesen ausmacht. Die Miasmentheorie sucht den nicht-materiellen Ursprung der Krankheit

in eben diesem Wesen des Menschen.

Trotz aller Gegner im eigenen Lager gab es natürlich auch immer wieder Homöopathen, welche die Ideen und das System Hahnemanns erweiterten und ausbauten.

 Hahnemann entdeckte drei Miasmen - Psora, Sykose und Syphilis, wobei er ausführlich nur über das erste Miasma, die Psora, schreibt. Es stand daher noch sehr viel Arbeit und Forschung

über die weiteren Miasmen an. Nach und nach erkannten manche Homöopathen, dass nicht alle Krankheitsphänomene den drei Miasmen zugeordnet werden können.

Weiterentwicklung der sieben Miasmen

Als erstes wurde klar, dass die Krankheit Tuberkulose ein eigenständiges Miasma -die Tuberculose- sein muss und ihrer eigenen homöopathischen Erforschung bedarf.

Nach und nach wurde dann auch Krebs als ein eigenständiges Miasma -die Carcinose- eingeführt. Jedoch gab es in der Homöopathie viele Jahre keine Literatur über die neu erkannten

Miasmen sowie kaum neue Erkenntnisse über Hahnemanns Miasmenwerk.

Erst Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts veröffentlichte J. H. Allen sein Werk „Die chronischen Miasmen - Psora, Pseudopsora und Sykose". Er hatte jahrzehntelang, anfänglich mit seinem

Lehrer H.C. Allen und später alleine, über die Miasmen recherchiert. Sein früher Tod verhinderte jedoch die Veröffentlichung seiner Forschungen über die anderen Miasmen. In seinem Buch

erwähnt er erstmalig die Existenz von sieben Miasmen! J.H. Allen war auch der Erste, der den geistigen Hintergrund der Miasmen darstellte, ohne dabei im geringsten H.s Verdienste zu

schmälern. Im Gegenteil, mit eindeutigen Worten verwies er immer wieder auf den Vater der Miasmenlehre, Samuel Hahnemann. Anscheinend hatte J.H. Allen das Miasma der Syphilis

schon gründlich ausgearbeitet, da er angefangen hatte, zu diesem Thema für eine homöopathische Fachzeitschrift Artikel zu schreiben. Nach der ersten Veröffentlichung starb er leider.

Es gibt in der allgemeinen medizinischen und homöopathischen Fachliteratur sehr viele Veröffentlichungen über die Syphilis, die ich mir aus einigen Teilen der Welt über viele Jahre

zusammengesucht habe. Ähnlich musste ich bei der Bearbeitung der Tuberculose und Carcinose recherchieren. Dies blieb der Stand der Dinge bis fast zum Ende des Jahrtausends.

Die Syphilis, das dritte Miasma von Hahnemann, war zwar allgemein und homöopathisch gut erforscht, die Abhandlungen darüber lagen jedoch weit verstreut in aller Welt, und es gab noch

keine sinnvolle Zusammenstellung des gesamten Wissens. Das Informationsmaterial über die letzten beiden Miasmen jedoch lag noch lange brach. Da es nicht einmal richtige Namen für sie

gab, nannte ich sie erst Pseudo-Sykose und Pseudo-Syphilis. Später änderte ich die Bezeichnungen in Ambrosis und Lyssinus. Unser Sohn Aron prägte den Begriff „Lyssinus", der sich von

Tollwut ableitet. Außer Allen gab es damals keinen Homöopathen, der ihre mögliche Existenz erwähnte. Rein logisch betrachtet mussten sie existieren. Aber was war ihre Natur?

Dies ließ mich all die Jahre nicht los, bis nach und nach auch diese versteckten Miasmen ans Licht kamen. Das Problem lag darin, dass H. alle Symptome und Krankheiten unter den ersten

drei Miasmen eingeordnet hatte. Dies ist auch verständlich, denn er war ein ordnungsliebender Geist, der alles strukturiert haben wollte.

Darüber hinaus hatte er sieben Achtel der gesamten Krankheitsäußerungen der Psora zugeordnet, da er sie für die Mutter aller Krankheiten hielt. Der Gedanke, dass sie die Mutter aller

Krankheiten sei und deswegen alles, was sie gebärt, auch psorisch sei, scheint auf den ersten Blick logisch, doch letztendlich würde das die Sykose und die Syphilis mit der Psora gleichsetzen.

H. ist der Ansicht, dass die Sykose und Syphilis nicht hätten entstehen können, wenn es die Psora nicht gegeben hätte.


[Suraj Vishal Kasiparsad]

Miasm: Originates from the Greek word miasma, which means polluting exhalations. These are dynamic entities which stain and pollute the human organism with unhealthy tendencies (, 2010).

[R. Schule]

Der alte griechische Begriff „Miasma“ klingt heute sehr antiquiert. Selbst die medizinische Fachsprache verwendet diesen Ausdruck nicht mehr. Ganz anders dagegen zu Hahnemanns Zeiten:

Selbst seine so geschmähten „Allopathen“ konnten mit der Bezeichnung „Miasma“ etwas anfangen.

Zu Hahnemanns Zeiten war der Begriff „Miasma“ in der Medizin eine allseits eingeführte Bezeichnung für Verunreinigungen, Sumpf, Ursache für Ansteckungen, Quelle von Erkrankungen.

Als akute Miasmen galten die epidemischen Infektionskrankheiten, auch die sogenannten „Kinderkrankheiten“, die der Mensch entweder mit lebenslanger Immunität übersteht oder die sein

Leben beenden. Dagegen verlaufen die chronischen Miasmen schleichend, mit fortlaufender Verschlechterung und jahrelangem Siechtum. Die Veranlagung zu einem bestimmten Miasma erfolgt durch Vererbung über Generationen und durch Erwerbung im eigenen Leben.



                                                                       Alone + abandonment

                                                           Underfunction - Introspection

                       Sycosis                                                                                                                     Syphillis

            Expansion more and more                                                                                     Destruction - less and less

Hyperexpansion (excessive life/greed)                                                                              Hypercontraction (excessive death wish/hatred)


                                                                                  Psora + Syphillis

                                                          Seperation - abandonment  Destruction > homelessness



                                                                                  Sycosis + Syphillis

                                                           Expansion more and more - Destruction - less and less




                                                                                  Syphillis Psora

                                              Violation and destruction of boundaries of self

Immunesystem breaks down - Isolation, enstrangement


Keywords utilized according to Sankaran’s (2005:7) miasmatic model


The term „miasm‟ comes from the Greek, meaning “pollution or taint”, and was used in relation to various unknown causes of illness from the time of Hippocrates, through the Middle Ages, and into the 18th century.

Hahnemann eventually used the term in his great theory of the origins of chronic disease (de Schepper, 2001: 355). While pondering for years on the reason why some patients would improve with the help of a homoeopathic remedy only to return later with a recurrence of their former disease state that responded less effectively to repetitions of the same remedy, Hahnemann realized that diseases which were not acute infections had to be of a chronic, deep-seated nature (Sankaran, 2000, 449). Through tireless work studying these patients‟ cases, he found patterns of diseases in the patients and their family histories which he felt explained the true basis of chronic disease. He called these patterns „miasms‟ (de Scheeper, 2001: 355) and classified diseases as venereal (sycosis and syphilis) and non-venereal (psora or scabies), and proposed that all disease states had their origin in these „miasms‟ (Sankaran, 2000: 449). Hahnemann therefore proposed that underlying the symptoms of all diseases is an all pervasive miasm or tendency to react in an identifiable set of ways (Hahnemann 1996: 190).

As mentioned earlier, this also began the tendency to systematize the prescription of homoeopathic remedies.


Hahnemann’s original theory of miasms was published in Chronic Diseases (1828) and outlined 3 miasms: psora, sycosis and syphilis. Later homoeopaths defined the tubercular miasm (a combination of psoric and syphilitic) and the cancer miasm (based on a mixture of at least 2, often 3 or even all 4 of the other miasms) (de Scheeper, 2001). De Scheeper (2001) describes psora as „the sensitizing miasm‟, sycosis as „the miasm of excess and overgrowth‟ and syphilis as „the destructive miasm‟. He also refers to the tubercular miasm as „the reactive/responsive miasm‟ and the cancer miasm as „the mixed miasm‟.

Miasmen und Impfungen im Zusammenhang mit Kinderkrankheiten

Absolute Gesundheit ist - homöopathisch gesehen - gleichbedeutend mit „frei von Miasmen“!

Wer also kann sich so glücklich schätzen und von absoluter Gesundheit sprechen ? Die meisten von uns haben irgend eine latente chronische Grundkrankheit geerbt o. erworben. Die Voraussetzung jeglicher Erkrankung ist demnach das Vorhandensein einer Schwäche. Die natürliche Immunität beruht nicht nur auf dem Vorhandensein von Antikörpern, sondern einer ganzen Reihe von generellen und lokalen Abwehrkräften. Ein Gesunder wird nicht krank!

Wenn nun ein Kind an einer Kinderkrankheit erkrankt, so ist dies als positiver Versuch der Natur zu sehen, sich von einem dieser ererbten chronischen Miasmen vorübergehend -für vielleicht fünf bis zehn Jahre- zu befreien. Erinnern wir uns daran, dass alles Chronische auf nur drei, bzw. vier chronische Grundkrankheiten, die so genannten Miasmen (Psora, Syphilline, Sykosis, Tuberkulinie) zurückgeht.

So gesehen können wir auch besser verstehen, warum nicht jedes Kind jede Kinderkrankheit durchmacht. Der Organismus braucht diese Krankheit für seine Entwicklung! Und das nicht nur auf organischer Ebene.

Viele von uns werden schon festgestellt haben, dass ihr Kind nach einer durchgemachten Kinderkrankheit nicht nur körperlich stabiler geworden ist, sondern auch geistig reifer und verständiger.

In jeder Kinderkrankheit findet also ein Reifungsprozess statt, der für die menschliche Entwicklung notwendig ist.

Dies gilt aber nur dann, wenn die Krankheit in Ruhe gelassen wird. Eine Behandlung mit fiebersenkenden Mitteln, Antibiotika, Cortison o. anderen unterdrückenden Methoden hat strengstens zu unterbleiben. Dadurch würde der Organismus in seinen ausleitenden Funktionen massiv behindert werden. Auch bei jeglicher Form lokaler Anwendungen ist Vorsicht geboten, denn der Krankheitsprozess ist ja bekanntlich energetischer Natur und nicht materieller.

A miasm is a condition which may be acquired or inherited. An underlying chronic or recurrent disease state (Gaier, 1991:342).

A repertory is a source used in case analysis to identify the medicine indicated for the patient. This process is called repertorisation. A repertory is a systemic cross reference of symptoms and disorders to the homoeopathic medicines in whose therapeutic repertoire (Materia Medica) they occur. The strength or degree of the association between the two is indicated by the type in which the medicine name is printed (Swayne, 2000:183). 


Sankaran’s Extended Miasmatic Model

Acute. ----à Typhoid. - ---à Malaria. ----à Ringworm. ----à Psora. -----à Sycosis. ----à Cancer. ----à Tubercular. ----à Leprosy. ----à Syphilis. 
(Panic) (Critical) (Persecuted) (Trying) (Struggle) (Fixidity) (Perfection) (Change) (Persecuted) (Destruction)


Die Miasmen können sich demzufolge in eine immer höhere bzw. gravierendere Ebene entwickeln:

Die Psora kann wechseln in die Tuberkulinie o. in die Parasitose o. direkt in die Carcinogenie.

Die Tuberkulinie (syphilitische o. sykotische) kann wechseln in die Sykose o. Syphilinie.

Die Sykose kann wechseln in die Syphilinie und Carcinogenie.

Die Syphilinie kann wechseln in die Carcinogenie.

Die Carcinogenie stellt die höchste Ebene dar.

Der Wechsel von einer Ebene in die Andere kann auch als Heilungsversuch verstanden werden:

Die Tuberkulinie kann versuchen sich über die Psora zu heilen.

Die Sykose versucht sich über die Tuberkulinie zu heilen.

Die Syphilinie kann versuchen sich über die Sykose zu heilen o. über die Parasitose, die sich wiederum über die Psora zu heilen versucht.

Die Syphilinie kann als Spiegelmiasma zur Tuberkulinie, übergehen.

Dies kann bedeuten, dass unter Aktivierung der Tuberkulinie automatisch die Syphilinie aktiviert wird und umgekehrt.


Hahnemann introduced a threefold miasmatic classification of chronic disease: Psora, sycosis and syphilis. Sankaran has elaborated on these and differentiated ten miasms. He sees them as specific attitudes or reactions towards typical forms of disease, with a progressing depth or intensity of desperation. He grouped them in horizontal succession. There is high hope in the miasms to the left and dejection and desperation to the right, ending with syphilis. This clearly corresponds to Scholten’s stages. ’Acute miasm’ is stage 1, ’ringworm’ is stage 3, ’malaria’ in stage 5, ’sycosis’ spans stage 6-12 with a peak in stage 10 ’leprosy’ is stage 16 and ‘syphilis’ is stage 17. Another parallel of miasms and stages according to Sankaran, the miasm can be seen on every level of a case. In Scholten’s theory, the stages are common to all series. But these authors interpret ‘level’ and ’series’ quite differently.                                              



Vergleich: Stages of consciousness

Sykose (Übermaß/alternierend) Cars (schleichend/geheim/Angst anjagend). Syphillinum (reinLICH/peniBEL/ANGST)


Psora (Haut/hoffnungslos) Ringwormoid (Beschwerden = nicht auflösbar)/Tub (Kerzen brennt an beide Enden/UNRUHE). Sykose (Übermaß/alternierend)


Vaccinosis (Sykosis Vaccinosis Carsinosinum)



Aids Miasm




The AIDS Miasm

Highly relevant to the study of drug remedies is the contemporary miasm which reflects the predominant pandemic of our modern era –the AIDS miasm. Fraser (2002) refers to our modern era

as the Electronic Age and argues that shifts in our understanding of our world have caused shifts in our understanding and view of ourselves. Fraser (2002:1522) proposes that having viewed the earth from space has caused a shift in our understanding and “a feeling for the smallness and fragility of the planet, a feeling that is central to the AIDS miasm”.

Fraser (2002: 43) differentiates the miasms as follows: “

The Psoric miasm about struggle,

the Sycotic about covering up,

the Syphilitic is about destruction and

the AIDS miasm is about losing boundaries”.

In today’s Electronic Age communication is instantaneous and there are no longer boundaries in terms of space and time. As Fraser (2002: 25) says,

“Electronic communication is instantaneous. Sender, receiver and all the people and places in between become a single unified point in space and time”. Yet despite, or perhaps because of, this loss of boundaries the Electronic Age is marked by a profound feeling of isolation and separation from the world (Fraser, 2002: 72). This lack of boundaries coupled with a sense of isolation and separation is what marks the AIDS miasm and is reflected in its symptoms and themes which, according to Fraser (2002.72), include:











Lack of confidence













Thirst and Dryness

Chaos and order


An understanding of the AIDS miasm helps one understand the contemporary epidemic of drug use and abuse, and Fraser (2002: 23) highlights the importance of drugs in the Electronic

Age, saying “The body creates its own internal defences against the overwhelming nature of the unbounded modern world in the form of detachment, numbness and isolation. It also seeks out external forces that will help create these states and recreational drugs are undoubtedly the most powerful way of doing this”. In her research into the synthetic recreational drug isolate group, Chhiba (2013: 165) found this group shared similarities with the AIDS miasm (fear, anxiety, rage, anger, violence, numbness, indifference, separation and dryness).

Suggested remedies: Adam. Agar. Agath-a. Agn. Aids. Ambr. Anac Anan Androc. Ang. Anh. Ara-maca. Ars. Berlin-w. Buteo-j. Cact. Cann-i. Carb-dioxid. Carieg-g. Castm. Cath-a. Cere-b.

Choc. Coca. Coca-c. Cocain. Colum-p. Conv-a. Corian-s. Corv-cor. Cur. Cygn-b. Cygn-s. Dream-p. Falco-pe. Galeoc-c-h (= Tiger Shark Liver). Galla-q-r. Germ-met. Gink-b. Haliae-lc. Helodr-cal.

Helo-h. Helo-s. Heroin. Hir. Hydrog. Ignis-alc. Ipom-p. Irid-met. Jug-c. Lac. Lac-cp. Lac-del. Lac-e. Lac-f. Lac-h. Lac-leo. Lac-lox-a. Lac-lup. Lars-arg. Latex. Lepd-s (= Lepidoptera saturniidae).

Limen-bc (= Limenitis bredowii californica). LSD. Lumbr-t. Maias-l. (= Maiasaura lapidea = Fossilized Bone of a Maiasaura Dinosaur). Meph. Mosch. Musca-d. Neon. Nux-m. Oncor-t. Opun-v.

Osm. Oxyg. Ozon. Phasco-ci (= Australian Koala): Phos. Pip-m. Plac. Plat-met. Plut-n. Polys (= Polystyrenum). Postr (= Antimatter): Propl. Ptel. Ptel. Pyrus. Querc-r. Rhus-g. Rhus-t. Sal-fr.

Sanguis-s. (= Blood of the Rat). Sel. Seq-s. Syph. Tax. Tax-br. Tell. Tung-met. Uro-h (= Urolophus halleri). Vacum. Visc. Xan.


Vergleich: AIDS = einen neuen Varianten/Nachfolger von Syphillis.



Atrophy miasm suggested by Jan Scholten. The clinical picture of atrophy is clearly depicted by his concept of stage 14 (drained, empty shell, lifeless mask)

Physischer Leib - skleroseartig / Ich - lähmungsbedingt


Vergleich: Siehe: Theorien



Upper man: Intellectual/Thought/Attitude (astralische Leib/Ich-Leib)    

Psora = Itch   

Tuberkulose = Search

Sykose = Excessiveness

Syphillis = Degeneration

              Nether man: Physical experience/Activity (physische Leib/ätherische Leib)

Malaria = Victimization

Ringworm = Persecution

Cancer = Sacrifice

Lyme = Isolation (= Lepra das Bessere?)



Vorwort/Suchen                                             Zeichen/Abkürzungen                                   Impressum